Gordon Curran Stewart
||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2014)|
|Gordon C. Stewart|
|Born||July 22, 1939 (age 74)
|Education||University of Chicago Laboratory Schools, Oberlin College of Arts and Sciences, University of Chicago, University of Vienna, Yale School of Drama|
|Occupation||Vice Chairman of the International Insurance Society, Publisher of the Philipstown Dot Info Newspaper, Founder of The Next Deal, Inc.|
|Known for||Deputy Chief Speechwriter to President Carter 1978-1981, Vice President of American Stock Exchange 1982-1989, President of Insurance Information Institute 1991-2006, North American Liaison for The Geneva Association 1995-2012, and Vice Chairman of the International Insurance Society 2012-present.|
|Spouse(s)||Zanne Early (m. 1995)|
Gordon Curran Stewart is Publisher of the online and print newspapers, Philipstown.info and 'The Paper', Principal of The Next Deal, Inc., Secretary of the Judson Welliver Society of Senior Presidential Speechwriters, Vice Chairman of the International Insurance Society, Chairman of the Named Fiduciaries of the Pension Plan for Insurance Organizations, Life Member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and Co-Founder with Martin Feldstein of the Insurance Working Group at the National Bureau of Economic Research. Formerly, Stewart held positions as President of the Insurance Information Institute, North American Liaison for The Geneva Association, Chairman of The Geneva Association Communications Council, Executive for Policy and Programs to New York Mayor John Lindsay, Head of Public Affairs for Arthur Levitt at the American Stock Exchange, Member of the Defense Science Board, and as Stage Director and Orchestra Conductor. He writes on political and economic topics for such publications as CNN, the Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance, the New York Times, and US News & World Report.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Education
- 3 Career
- 4 Memberships
- 5 Selection of Creative Works
- 6 Personal life
- 7 References
Stewart was born on July 22, 1939, on the south side of Chicago to parents Henry Stewart and Evangeline Stewart (née Williams). His father, Henry Stewart, was born in 1870 in Scotland and emigrated to the United States at the age of 26. He became a Presbyterian minister and social worker/organizer in the Chicago neighborhoods. Stewart's mother, Evangeline Stewart, worked as a University of Chicago librarian, and this, coupled with the help of a scholarship, allowed Stewart to enter the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools, where he remained into his high school years and where he was Student Body President.
Through his childhood and teenage years, Stewart experienced direct interaction with professors working at the University (such as the historian Louis R. Gottschalk, the Nobel Prize winning physical chemist Harold C. Urey, the Nobel Prize winning physicist Enrico Fermi, the educational philosopher Robert Hutchins), and distinguished figures in the Chicago art world (including the architects Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, George Fred Keck, William Keck, the Bauhaus designer György Kepes, and the operatic and symphonic conductor Fritz Reiner).
Stewart received his Bachelor of Arts degree from the Oberlin College of Arts and Sciences (as the full four-year George F. Baker Scholar having been accepted at the age of 16), where he focused on history and music. He returned to the University of Chicago to work on a PhD. in European History. He studied music and drama at the University of Vienna in Austria, and then received an MFA in Directing from Yale School of Drama. In his last year at the Yale School of Drama, he was admitted as a doctoral candidate in comparative literature, which led to his first position as an instructor of English and theatre at Amherst College.
Pre White House
Stewart's first political job was as a ten-year-old poll-watcher in Chicago’s 5th Ward which staunchly opposed the political machine of Richard J. Daley. His next was at the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools where he was Student Body President. At Oberlin he won its only all-school election, and spent several months travelling in and writing about West Africa in the days before the Peace Corps was founded.
He left teaching at Amherst College to begin a career in drama and politics in New York. While he was directing plays, he worked as Director of Communications for Business Communications for the Arts (BCA). There he wrote his first article for a noted public figure, former US Treasury Secretary C. Douglas Dillon, followed by speeches speeches for Katharine Graham of The Washington Post, William S. Paley of CBS, and Arnold Gingrich, the founder of Esquire magazine, who introduced him to New York Mayor John Lindsay, which led to his position as Chief Speechwriter and Executive Assistant to the Mayor from 1971-1973.
Following his time in City Hall, Stewart was Director of Policy for Howard J. Samuels's run for the Governorship of New York in 1974, and also wrote speeches for other Democratic Party campaigns, including Jimmy Carter’s successful run for the Presidency of the United States in 1976. During this time, Stewart also wrote and directed theatre in New York and London, and worked as a screenwriter in Los Angeles, where he became a lifelong friend of Philip Ives Dunne, the first screenwriter to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, and a strong and vocal opponent of the Hollywood Blacklisting of the 1940s and 1950s (Stewart gave the dedication speech for the Writer’s Guild Theatre when it was named in Dunne’s honor). While still in Hollywood, Stewart was asked to be the original director of the play The Elephant Man in New York. Soon after, he was appointed Deputy Chief Speechwriter to President Carter.
President Carter's Chief Speechwriter Hendrik Hertzberg invited Stewart to join the White House in 1978 as the President’s Deputy Chief Speechwriter. Stewart collaborated with Hertzberg on virtually all the major speeches of the Carter Presidency from 1978 onwards, including the landmark presidential address, the Oval Office “Crisis of Confidence” talk of July 15, 1979. He was directly involved in multiple Presidential projects including the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT II), energy, fiscal and monetary policy, human rights issues, the response to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the first visit to the White House by a Pope in United States history by Pope John Paul II in 1979, three State of the Union addresses, and the farewell speech of President Carter] to the nation.
Post White House
Following his time in the White House, Stewart continued his work in politics as a director of the New York Urban Coalition, and as an advisor to various business, government, and academic forums including the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget, the National Bureau of Economic Research, the American Business Conference in Washington DC the International Commission for Central American Recovery and Development, the Council on Competitiveness, and the Defence Science Board.
American Stock Exchange
From 1982-1989, Stewart became Vice President of the American Stock Exchange under Arthur Levitt Jr. Responsible for the external affairs of the Exchange, Stewart created with President Reagan’s Pollster, Richard Wirthlin, an influential polling base on Wall Street. In addition, Stewart helped to manage the taskforce created by New York Governor Andrew M. Cuomo and New York Mayor David Norman Dinkins that resolved the multi-year impasse about what to do with the seven billion dollars of federal highway money that was left over when the Westway Project was halted.
Insurance Information Institute
Stewart joined the Insurance Information Institute in 1989 as Executive Vice President, and in 1991 became its President and remained in that position until 2006, when he turned the Institute’s leadership over to its Chief Economist, Dr. Robert P. Hartwig. Stewart is generally credited with turning the Institute from a small public relations organisation into the premier insurance reference point for journalists, academics, and policymakers about insurance in the United States.
An important goal for Stewart in re-building the Institute was to persuade insurance companies that their reputation is ultimately determined by their behaviour in the market place. From the time Stewart took over the Institute, the overall public approval rating of the industry rose from under 35% to above 60%.
Post Insurance Information Institute
Since leaving the Insurance Information Institute, Stewart has continued to be involved in economic and political affairs such as through being elected Vice Chairman, and Chairman of the Nominating Committee, of the International Insurance Society, the world’s largest industry organization, with almost 900 members representing global insurance leaders, international regulatory authorities and worldwide insurance scholars from over 90 countries.
In 1995, Stewart was invited by the industry-CEO membership of the Switzerland-based think-tank, The Geneva Association for the Study of Insurance Economics, to chair the Geneva Association’s first Communications Council, and to later become the North American Liaison in charge of managing The Geneva Association’s presence in the United States.
Since 2010, Stewart has been the Chairman of the Named Fiduciaries of the Pension Plan for Insurance Organizations, one of the largest multiple employer pension plans in the United States.
In 2006, Stewart started his own company, Mind Inc., focused on creating connections between broader insights into society, politics, and the arts and practical applications of those insights. Such projects include Post Arts, Philipstown Dot Info, and The Next Deal.
Since 2011, Stewart has been producing musical performances and directing plays. He is Co-Founder of Post Arts, the first of whose projects is Neurospace, a unique first-time fusion of computer sciences with computer generated art and electronic music.
Philipstown Dot Info
In 2010, Stewart created an online newspaper Philipstown Dot Info. The paper’s purpose is to create a working model for community-supported journalism similar to listener-supported radio that can be replicated in municipalities all across the country. The launch of the paper followed the buyout and redirection of the pre-existing and longstanding local newspaper by Roger Ailes, Chairman of Fox News. Philipstown Dot Info received a 2011 Standard of Excellence Award from the New Media Foundation. In 2012, Philipstown Dot Info introduced its weekly print publication, called “The Paper”. On March 21, 2013, Stewart was awarded Outstanding Business Person of the Year by the Cold Spring, NY, Chamber of Commerce.
The Next Deal
In 2011, Stewart created The Next Deal, a project to highlight the need for and facilitate discussion of a reconsideration of the US social contract between government, business, and citizens. In 2006, Stewart organized a conference that would serve as a pilot for The Next Deal at the Aspen Institute’s Wye Plantation facility. In September 2011, Stewart was invited by attorney William T.J. de la Mare to give the keynote speech at a symposium on the international regulation of insurance at the University of Connecticut School of Law Insurance Law Center; working with De la Mare since the Symposium, Stewart restructured The Next Deal project into TheNextDeal.org, a library of references to forward-thinking articles, organizations and individuals.
In September, 2009, Stewart was asked by the New York Times to write a response to President Obama's First Inauguration. In September, 2012, Stewart was asked by CNN to write a response to Michelle Obama's Democratic National Convention speech. In February, 2013, Stewart was asked by CNN to write a response to President Obama's Second Inauguration Address.
International Insurance Industry Century of "Game Changers"
In 2013, Stewart was named by the Council of Insurance Agents & Brokers, an association for commercial insurance intermediaries, as one of the international insurance industry's of the last 100 years - Stewart was recognized for his work with the Insurance Information Institute.
Stewart remains a longstanding Member of the Writers Guild of America, the Judson Welliver Society of Senior Presidential Speechwriters (for which he has acted as Secretary since its founding by William Safire during President Ronald Reagan’s first Administration), the Council on Foreign Relations, the Century Association, the Phi Beta Kappa Society, and the Yale Club.
Selection of Creative Works
The Store (1978), Joey (1978), Gallery (1978)
The Elephant Man (1st United States Production - 1977), Jesse (1975), Cowboy Mouth (1976), Sleep (1977)
The Blazers (1975)
The Messiah (2013), Beggar’s Opera (1969, 2012), West Side Story (1970)
Stewart married Zanne Early in 1995. They have one child, Katarina Guadalupe Hadley.
- John Willis, THEATRE WORLD 134 (Crown Publishers 1977)
- Kevin Mattson, "What the Heck Are You Up To, Mr. President? Jimmy Carter, America's "Malaise," and the Speech That Should Have Changed the Country" (Bloomsbury, 2009)
- ”Presidential Speechwriting” 169-188 (Kurt Ritter, ed., Texas A&M University Press, 2003).
- Robert Schlesinger, White House Ghosts, Presidents and their Speechwriters from FDR to George W. Bush (Simon & Schuster, 2008), 301-304.
- Kevin Mattson, "What the Heck Are You Up To, Mr. President? Jimmy Carter, America's "Malaise," and the Speech That Should Have Changed the Country" (Bloomsbury, 2009), 63-64
- Gordon Stewart, Carter’s Speech Therapy, The New York Times (July 14, 2009)
- "President Jimmy Carter's Farewell Address". Jimmycarterlibrary.gov. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
- ”The Report on the International Commission for Central American Recovery” ix (Duke University, 1989).
- Sally Bedell Smith, “The Life of Pamela Churchill Harriman” 355 (Simon & Schuster 1996).
- Arthur Levitt & Gordon Stewart, Can American Business Compete? in GLOBAL COMPETIVENESS: GETTING THE U.S. BACK ON TRACK 271-298 (Martin K. Starr ed., Norton 1988)
- Daniel Yergin, Global Insecurity (Houghton Mifflin 1982) ISBN 9780395305171 (back cover citation)
- ”Final Report of the West Side Task Force” 5 (State of New York, 1987).
- Sam Friedman, Stewart Saves Institute from Death Spiral, National Underwriter (December 18/25, 2006)
- Regis Coccia, III President Sets Stage to Retire at End of Year, Business Insurance (July 31, 2006)
- “The Financing of Catastrophe Risk ix" (Kenneth Froot, ed., University of Chicago Press, 1999).
- Gordon Stewart, Can Reputations be Managed?, The Geneva Papers, 2006, 31 (480-499)
- Gordon Stewart, Retirement Security in the United States – A National Challenge, The Geneva Reports No.6: Risk and Insurance Research – Addressing the Challenge of Global Aging – Funding Issues and Insurance Solutions, Eds. Patrick M. Liedtke and Kai-Uwe Schanz (June, 1012)
- Regis Coccia, III President Sets Stage to Retire at End of Year, Business Insurance (July 31, 2006)
- Insurance and September 11 – One Year After” 231-238 (Patrick M. Liedtke & Christophe Courbage, eds., The Geneva Association, 2002).
- Boyer, Peter J. (2011-01-31). "Our Towns Dept.: Fox Among the Chickens". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2014-03-03..
- Gabriel Sherman, The Loudest Voice in the Room: How the Brilliant, Bombastic Roger Ailes Built Fox News - and Divided a Country (Random House, 2014) 358-361, 366-367, 392-392.
- "Philipstown.info - 2011 New Media Awards Winner". Newmediaawards.org. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
- Sherman, Gabriel (2010-07-04). "Roger Ailes Is in an Upstate Newspaper War". Daily Intelligencer. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
- "Cold Spring Chamber of Commerce - Awards". Coldspringareachamber.org. 2013-03-21. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
- "Will Michelle Obama's speech change history?". CNN. 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
- "Obama finally meets Machiavelli". CNN. 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
- "Game Changer - Gordon Stewart | CIAB100: The 100th Anniversary of The Council for Insurance Agents and Brokers". CIAB100. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
- Carol Gelderman, “All the President’s Words” 129 (Walker & Co., 1997).