Gordon Moore

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For the British admiral, see Gordon Moore (Royal Navy officer).
Gordon Moore
Gordon Moore.jpg
Moore in 2004
Born Gordon Earle Moore
(1929-01-03) January 3, 1929 (age 85)
San Francisco, California, USA
Nationality American
Institutions Intel
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
San Jose State University
University of California, Berkeley
California Institute of Technology
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
Alma mater San Jose State University
University of California, Berkeley
California Institute of Technology
Thesis I. Infrared Studies of Nitrous Acid, The Chloramines and Nitrogen Dioxide II. Observations Concerning the Photochemical Decomposition of Nitric Oxide (1964)
Known for Intel
Moore's law
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
Notable awards John Fritz Medal (1993)
IEEE Founders Medal (1997)
Othmer Gold Medal (2001)
Perkin Medal (2004)
Nierenberg Prize (2006)
IEEE Medal of Honor (2008)
National Medal of Technology
Presidential Medal of Freedom
External video
Gordon Moore Scientists You Must Know.png
“The nice thing about Moore's Law is it gets quoted in almost every thing that grows exponentially.”, Scientists You Must Know: Gordon Moore on Moore's Law, Chemical Heritage Foundation

Gordon Earle Moore (born January 3, 1929) is an American businessman and co-founder and Chairman Emeritus of Intel Corporation and the author of Moore's Law.[1][2][3][4]


Moore was born in San Francisco, California, and grew up in nearby Pescadero. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley in 1950 and a PhD[5] in chemistry and minor in physics from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in 1954.[6] Prior to studying at Berkeley, he spent his freshman and sophomore years at San Jose State University, where he met his future wife, Betty. Moore completed postdoctoral research at the Applied Physics Laboratory at the Johns Hopkins University until 1956.[7]


Moore joined MIT and Caltech alumnus William Shockley at the Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory division of Beckman Instruments, but left with the "traitorous eight", when Sherman Fairchild agreed to back them and created the influential Fairchild Semiconductor corporation.

In July 1968, Robert Noyce and Moore founded NM Electronics which later became Intel Corporation, and Moore served as Executive Vice President until 1975 when he became President. In April 1979, Moore became Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, holding that position until April 1987, when he became Chairman of the Board. He was named Chairman Emeritus of Intel Corporation in 1997.

Moore has been a member of the Board of Directors of Gilead Sciences since 1996, after serving as a member of the company's Business Advisory Board from 1991 until 1996.[8]

University donations[edit]

Moore has been a member of Caltech's board of trustees since 1983, chairing it from 1993 to 2000, and is now a life trustee.[9][10][11] With his wife he endowed the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. In 2001, Moore and his wife donated $600 million to Caltech, the largest gift ever to an institution of higher education.[12] He said that he wants the gift to be used to keep Caltech at the forefront of research and technology.

On December 6, 2007, Gordon Moore and his wife donated $200 million to Caltech and the University of California for the construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope, the world's second largest optical telescope. The telescope will have a mirror 30 meters across and be built on Mauna Kae in Hawaii. This is nearly three times the size of the current record holder, Large Binocular Telescope.[13]

Awards and honors[edit]

In 2001, Moore received the Othmer Gold Medal for outstanding contributions to progress in chemistry and science.[14][15]

In 2002, Moore received the Bower Award for Business Leadership. In 2003, he was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was awarded the Dan David Prize for 2010 Future - Computers and Telecommunications.[16]

The library at the Centre for Mathematical Sciences at the University of Cambridge is named after him and his wife Betty,[17] as are the Moore Laboratories building (dedicated 1996) at Caltech and the Gordon and Betty Moore Materials Research Building at Stanford.

The Electrochemical Society presents an award in Moore’s name every two years to celebrate scientists’ contributions to the field of solid state science.[18]

Moore was awarded the 2008 IEEE Medal of Honor for "pioneering technical roles in integrated-circuit processing, and leadership in the development of MOS memory, the microprocessor computer and the semiconductor industry."[19] Moore was featured in the documentary film Something Ventured which premiered in 2011.

Moore is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He is the recipient of the National Medal of Technology and the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the United States' highest civilian honor. In 1998 he was inducted as a Fellow of the Computer History Museum.

Personal life[edit]

Moore enjoys many different recreational activities, including car painting and making model airplanes. He has said his conservation efforts are partly inspired by his interest in fishing.[20]

In 2011, Moore's genome was the first human genome sequenced on Ion Torrent's Personal Genome Machine platform, a massively parallel sequencing device. Ion Torrent's device obtains sequence information by directly sensing ions produced by DNA polymerase synthesis using ion-sensitive field effect transistor sensors.[21]


  1. ^ published in an article April 19, 1965 in Electronics Magazine
  2. ^ List of publications from the DBLP Bibliography Server
  3. ^ Gordon Moore from the ACM Portal
  4. ^ Moore, G. E. (1997). "The microprocessor: Engine of the technology revolution". Communications of the ACM 40 (2): 112. doi:10.1145/253671.253746.  edit
  5. ^ Moore, Gordon Earle (1964). I. Infrared Studies of Nitrous Acid, The Chloramines and Nitrogen Dioxide II. Observations Concerning the Photochemical Decomposition of Nitric Oxide (PhD thesis). California Institute of Technology. 
  6. ^ "Caltech Commencement Program". Caltech Campus Publications. 1954-06-11. Retrieved 2013-03-29. 
  7. ^ "Gordon E. Moore". Computer.org. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  8. ^ "Gilead – Investor Relations – Biography". Investors.gilead.com. Retrieved July 11, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Sally Ride, David Lee Named Caltech Trustees, Ben Rosen Named Trustee Chair". Caltech. 2000-12-04. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  10. ^ "Technology Pioneer Gordon Moore is Caltech Commencement Speaker". Caltech. 2001-05-03. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  11. ^ "Trustee List". Caltech. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  12. ^ "Intel Founder Gives $600 Million to Caltech". New York Times. 2001-10-28. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  13. ^ Thirty Meter Telescope Moves Forward, Sky & Telescope, August 2007
  14. ^ Voith, Melody; Reisch, Marc (14 May 2001). "Gordon Moore Awarded the Othmer Gold Medal". Chemical & Engineering News 79 (20): 62. doi:10.1021/cen-v079n020.p062. Retrieved 12 June 2014. 
  15. ^ "Past Winners of the Othmer Gold Medal". Chemical Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 12 June 2014. 
  16. ^ "Gordon E. Moore". Dan David Prize. Retrieved 18 August 2014. 
  17. ^ Betty and Gordon Moore Library
  18. ^ "ECS Society Awards". The Electrochemical Society. 
  19. ^ IEEE Medal of Honor Recipients
  20. ^ Charlie Rose, November 14, 2005
  21. ^ Rothberg, J. M.; Hinz, W.; Rearick, T. M.; Schultz, J.; Mileski, W.; Davey, M.; Leamon, J. H.; Johnson, K.; Milgrew, M. J.; Edwards, M.; Hoon, J.; Simons, J. F.; Marran, D.; Myers, J. W.; Davidson, J. F.; Branting, A.; Nobile, J. R.; Puc, B. P.; Light, D.; Clark, T. A.; Huber, M.; Branciforte, J. T.; Stoner, I. B.; Cawley, S. E.; Lyons, M.; Fu, Y.; Homer, N.; Sedova, M.; Miao, X.; Reed, B. (2011). "An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing". Nature 475 (7356): 348–352. doi:10.1038/nature10242. PMID 21776081.  edit

External links[edit]

Business positions
Preceded by
Robert Noyce
Intel CEO
Succeeded by
Andrew Grove