Gordon Wilson (Scottish politician)
|Leader of the Scottish National Party|
15 September 1979 – 22 September 1990
|Preceded by||William Wolfe|
|Succeeded by||Alex Salmond|
|Depute Leader of the Scottish National Party|
|Preceded by||Douglas Henderson|
|Succeeded by||Margo MacDonald|
|Member of Parliament
for Dundee East
28 February 1974 – 11 June 1987
|Preceded by||George Machin|
|Succeeded by||John McAllion|
|Born||Robert Gordon Wilson
16 April 1938
|Political party||Scottish National Party|
|Spouse(s)||Edith Hassall (m. 1965)|
|Alma mater||University of Edinburgh|
|Religion||Church of Scotland|
Robert Gordon Wilson (born 16 April 1938) is a Scottish politician and solicitor. He was the leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP) from 1979 to 1990, and was SNP Member of Parliament for Dundee East from 1974 to 1987.
Wilson was born in Govan, Glasgow, the son of Robert George Wilson, a butcher's van driver. He was educated at Douglas High School for Boys, on the Isle of Man, and the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated with an Bachelor of Laws degree. Following graduation, Wilson qualified as a solicitor, and worked for T.F. Reid Solicitors in Paisley from 1963 until his election as an MP in 1974.
Gordon Wilson joined the Scottish National Party in the late 1950s. Before his successes in electoral politics, he was co-founder and Director of Programmes of the political pirate radio station Radio Free Scotland, whose activities are described in his book, Pirates of the Air. Wilson served as Assistant National Secretary of the SNP from 1963 to 1964, as National Secretary from 1964 to 1971, and was vice-chairman of the SNP Oil Campaign Committee, which was responsible for the party's iconic It's Scotland's oil campaign. It was Wilson who coined the slogan.
Wilson was Executive Vice-Chairman 1972-1973, and stood as the SNP parliamentary candidate at the Dundee East by-election in March 1973, where he was narrowly defeated. Later that year, at the SNP Annual National Conference, he was elected as Senior Vice-Chairman (deputy leader) of the SNP, an office he held until the following June, when Margo MacDonald was elected as deputy leader.
Gordon Wilson was elected as Member of Parliament for the Dundee East constituency at the February 1974 general election, and increased his majority to 6,983 at the October 1974 general election. He was the deputy leader of the SNP parliamentary group at Westminster from 1974 to 1979, and served as parliamentary spokesperson on oil and energy (1974-1983) and joint spokesperson on devolution (1976–1979). In his book, SNP: The Turbulent Years 1960–1990, he acknowledges that there were tensions between the SNP MPs in Westminster and SNP officers in Scotland, particularly Margo MacDonald.
He was one of only two SNP MPs in the aftermath of the 1979 UK general election but lost the seat in 1987 to Labour's John McAllion. On 15 September 1979, at the SNP Annual National Conference in Dundee, Gordon Wilson was elected as National Convener (leader) of the SNP with 530 votes, defeating Stephen Maxwell (117 votes) and Willie MacRae (52 votes). His leadership was characterised by mixed fortunes. He was leader in the early 1980s when the party was in internal turmoil, and he was a key mover in condemning both Siol nan Gaidheal and the 79 Group.
Wilson led the party through two poor general election performances in 1983 and 1987. However, a highlight of his leadership was the Govan by-election victory in 1988. He was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws (LL.D) degree by the University of Dundee in 1986. He attempted to involve the SNP in the Scottish Constitutional Convention but due to the convention's unwillingness to contemplate discussions about Scottish independence as a constitutional option the SNP did not get involved. He later stood as an SNP candidate in Scotland at the 1999 European Parliament elections, but was unsuccessful, coming fourth.
In 2010, Wilson co-founded, and became Chairman of Solas (Centre for Public Christianity), a Christian body dedicated to the revival of the faith.
Wilson’s papers are held variously by the National Library of Scotland, Archive Services at the University of Dundee and the Scottish Political Archive at the University of Dundee. His collection of historical nationalist pamphlets is held by the Macartney Library at SNP headquarters in Edinburgh.
- SNP: The Turbulent Years 1960-1990, 2009
- Pirates of the Air: The Story of Radio Free Scotland, 2011
- "Grasping the leadership thistle". BBC News Online. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Alison Rennie (16 November 2009). "Ex-SNP chief Gordon books in with fond memories of Paisley". Glasgow: Daily Record. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "Election 2010: Dundee East - Profile". STV. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Lynch, Peter (2002). SNP: the history of the Scottish National Party. Welsh Academic Press. p. 170.
- "Profile: Scottish National Party". BBC News Online. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Gordon Wilson
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Dundee East
|Senior Vice Chairman (Depute Leader) of the Scottish National Party
|National Convener (Leader) of the Scottish National Party
Baron Mackie of Benshie
|Rector of the University of Dundee