Gorj County

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Gorj County
Județul Gorj
County
Coat of arms of Gorj County
Coat of arms
Gorj in Romania.svg
Coordinates: 45°02′N 23°18′E / 45.04°N 23.3°E / 45.04; 23.3Coordinates: 45°02′N 23°18′E / 45.04°N 23.3°E / 45.04; 23.3
Country  Romania
Development region1 Sud-Vest
Historic region Oltenia
Capital city (Reşedinţă de judeţ) Târgu Jiu
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Ion Călinoiu
 • Prefect2 Ştefan-Marian Popescu-Bejat
Area
 • Total 5,602 km2 (2,163 sq mi)
Area rank 21st in Romania
Population (2002)
 • Total 387,308
 • Rank 28th in Romania
 • Density 69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 21wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x534
Car Plates GJ5
GDP US$ 3.72 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 9.599 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1 The development regions of Romania have no administrative role and were formed in order to manage funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from having any political activity in the first six months after his resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionaries' corps.
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Gorj (Romanian pronunciation: [ɡorʒ] ( )) is a county (judeţ) of Romania, in Oltenia, with its capital city at Târgu Jiu.

Demographics[edit]

In 2011, it had a population of 334,238 and its population density was 59.66/km².

Year County population[2]
1948 280,524
1956 Increase 293,031
1966 Decrease 298,382
1977 Increase 348,521
1992 Increase 400,100
2002 Decrease 387,308
2011 Decrease 334,238

Geography[edit]

This county has a total area of 5,602 km².

The North side of the county consists of various mountains from the Southern Carpathians group. In the West there are the Vulcanului Mountains, and in the East there are the Parâng Mountains and the Negoveanu Mountains. The two groups are split by the Jiu River.

To the South, the heights decrease through the hills to a high plain at the Western end of the Romanian Plain.

The main river, which collects all the smaller rivers, is the Jiu River.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Mining equipment industry.
  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.
  • Glass industry.
  • Wood industry.

In the North of the county coal is extracted, near Motru and Rovinari. There are two big thermo electrical power plants at Rovinari and Turceni, and some hydro-electrical power plants. The county is the biggest electricity producer in Romania with 36% af the country's electricity.

Due to the decrease in mining activity, the county has one of the highest unemployment levels in the country.

Tourism[edit]

Wooden church in Slăvuţa, Gorj county

The main touristical destinations are:

Administrative divisions[edit]

Gorj County has 2 municipalities, 7 towns and 61 communes

  • Municipalities
    • Motru- population: 18,142 (as of 2011)
    • Târgu Jiu – capital city; population: 78,553 (as of 2011)

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"

External links[edit]