Location of Gorkha
|• Total||3,610 km2 (1,390 sq mi)|
|• Density||80/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|Time zone||NPT (UTC+5:45)|
|Main language(s)||Nepali, Gurung, Magar|
Gorkha District (Nepali: गोरखा जिल्ला Listen (help·info)), a part of Gandaki Zone, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia, and home of legendary Gurkha soldiers. The district, with Pokharithok (Gorkha) , later known as Prithivi Narayan Nagarpalika as its district headquarters, covers an area of 3,610 km² and has a population (2001) of 288,134. It is the location of the Manakamana Temple. Also, the temples of great sage Gorakh Nath and goddess Gorakh Kali temple is located in district, after which the district got its name. Four major rivers run within and along it, they are Chepe, Daraudi, Marsyangdi and Budhi Gandaki.
Geography and Climate
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Lower Tropical||below 300 meters (1,000 ft)||0.1%|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Subtropical||1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
|Temperate||2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
|Subalpine||3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
|Alpine||4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
|Nival||above 5,000 meters||11.5%|
|Trans-Himalayan||3,000 to 6,400 meters
9,800 to 21,000 ft.
Towns and villages
- Aaru Arbang, Aaru Chanuate, Aarupokhari, Asrang
- Baguwa, Bakrang, Barpak, Bhirkot, Bhumlichok, Bihi, Borlang, Bunkot
- Chhaikampar, Chhoprak, Chumchet, Chyangli
- Darbhung, Deurali, Dhawa, Dhuwakot
- Finam, Fujel
- Gaikhur, Gakhu, Ghairung, Ghyachok, Ghyalchok, Gorakhkali, Gumda
- Hansapur, Harmi
- Kashigaun, Kerabari, Kerauja, Kharibot, Khoplang
- Laprak, Lapu, Lho
- Makaising, Manakamana, Manbu, Masel, Mirkot, Muchhok
- Namjung, Nareshwor
- Palumtar, Panchkhuwadeurali, Pandrung, Prithbinarayan, Prok
- Samagaun, Saurpani, Shreenathkot, Simjung, Sirdibas, Swara, Sandikhola
- Taklung, Takukot, Takumajhalakuribot, Tandrang, Tanglichok, Taple, Tara Nagar, Thalajung, Thumi
Following is the data obtained from the PHASE Nepal website:
- Central/regional/zonal hospitals: 0
- District hospitals: 2
- Primary healthcare centres: 3
- Health posts: 10
- Sub-health post: 55
- Number of doctors: 8
- Number of nurses: 90
Although there are two district hospitals as well as primary health care centers, these are not enough for providing health services. The small health centers in many VDCs are without Auxiliary Health Workers (AHWs), Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) and Community Health Workers (CHWs). So, people seeking emergency health assistance have to travel a long distance to the district headquarters or Kathmandu or end up dying because of lack of treatment. Many people still believe in Dhami and Jhakri and are against taking medicine or going to the hospital for the treatment. An NGO, PHASE Nepal provides many health care facilities and training programs to three VDCs: Sirdibas, Bihi/Prok and Chumchet. Many people residing in these VDCs have benefited from the program.
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system, . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7803-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
- Shrestha, Mani R.; Rokaya, Maan B.; Ghimire, Suresh K. (2005). "Vegetation pattern of Trans-Himalayan zone in the North-West Nepal". Nepal Journal of Plant Sciences 1: 129–135. Retrieved Feb 7, 2014.
- Banerji, Gargi; Basu, Sejuti. "Climate Change and Himalayan Cold Deserts: Mapping vulnerability and threat to ecology and indigenous livelihoods". Pragya. Gurgaon, Haryana, India. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
- Districts of Nepal at statoids.com
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