|Quartiere of Milan|
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Gorla is a district ("quartiere") of Milan, Italy. It is part of the Zone 2 administrative division, located north-east of the city centre. Before 1923, Gorla was an independent comune. The name "Gorla" is probably derived from the latin word gulula, meaning "little cleft".
The district is traversed by Viale Monza, a major thoroughfare connecting Milan and Monza, as well as the Naviglio Martesana canal. The most prominent architectural feature of Gorla consists in a number of 19th Century villas that were built along the Naviglio Martesana and served as country residences for rich Milanese families.
Gorla developed as a rural settlement until the late 19th Century. Thereafter, the Milanese north-east quickly turned into an industrial area (most notably around Sesto San Giovanni), a process that affected Gorla as well. In 1864, Gorla became a formal "comune", named "Gorla Primo"; in 1920 Gorla and the bordering comune of Precotto merged into the new comune of Gorlaprecotto, a decision that was intended to preserve both comunes from being absorbed into Milan. Nevertheless, three years later, Gorlaprecotto was annexed to the city along with other 12 comunes.
The little martyrs of Gorla
During World War II, in 20 October 1944, Gorla was the scene of a dramatic bombing by the Allies. While the bombing was intended to strike industrial structures, most victims turned out to be civilians, and one of the bombs did actually hit a school, killing 184 children. The victims are now remembered as "the little martyrs of Gorla", and a memorial has been built where the killing took place; a museum dedicated to peace has also been established in the area.
- Dante Olivieri (1931), Dizionario di toponomastica lombarda. La Famiglia Meneghina Editrice, Milan, p. 275
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