Gornji Grad, Gornji Grad

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This article is about the town in Slovenia. For other uses, see Gornji Grad (disambiguation).
Gornji Grad
Gornji Grad.jpg
Gornji Grad is located in Slovenia
Gornji Grad
Gornji Grad
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 46°17′46.04″N 14°48′18.62″E / 46.2961222°N 14.8051722°E / 46.2961222; 14.8051722Coordinates: 46°17′46.04″N 14°48′18.62″E / 46.2961222°N 14.8051722°E / 46.2961222; 14.8051722
Country Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional region Styria
Statistical region Savinja
Municipality Gornji Grad
Area
 • Total 10.9 km2 (4.2 sq mi)
Elevation 431.3 m (1,415.0 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 1,067
[1]

Gornji Grad (pronounced [ˈɡoːɾnji ˈɡɾaːt]; German: Oberburg in Steiermark) is the largest settlement and the centre of the Municipality of Gornji Grad in Slovenia. It lies on the Dreta River in the foothills of the Savinja Alps. Traditionally it belonged to the region of Styria and is now included in the Savinja Statistical Region.[2]

History[edit]

Gornji Grad has a rich history. In 1140 a Benedictine monastery was built in the settlement. In the 15th century it became the summer residence of the Bishops of Ljubljana.

Mass graves[edit]

Gornji Grad is the site of three known mass graves from the Second World War. The Tičjek Mass Grave (Slovene: Grobišče Tičjek) is located behind the house at Tičjek no. 20, on the northern edge of the settlement. It contains the remains of seven to nine civilians of various nationalities that were murdered in 1944.[3] The Zabrinov Hill Mass Grave (Grobišče Zabrinovski hrib) is located on the slope of Zabrinov Hill (Zabrinovski hrib) west of Gornji Grad. It contains the remains of 56 Slovene militia members from Ptujska Gora and its vicinity that were murdered by the Partisans in October 1944.[4] The Ravni 1 Mass Grave (Grobišče v Ravneh 1) is located south of the settlement, south of the LIP Smreka business park. Together with the mass grave in neighboring Dol, it contains the remains of 100 to 200 people executed by the Partisan command of the Fourth Operation Zone in the fall of 1944.[5]

Churches[edit]

Mary Magdalene Church

The Baroque parish church in the settlement is dedicated to Saints Hermagoras and Fortunatus. It is a large church with a dome over its transept. It contains 18th-century altar paintings and the tombs of the first bishops of Ljubljana.[6] A second church, surrounded by the cemetery in the northern part of the settlement, is dedicated to Mary Magdalene. It has a rectangular nave with a bell tower on the south wall and symmetrical side chapels. The polygonal chancel on the north end is walled on three sides. The stonework was created by Andrej Cesar in 1869 and the paintings by Tommaso Fantoni and Matija Koželj in 1870.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. ^ Gornji Grad municipal site
  3. ^ Tičjek Mass Grave on Geopedia (Slovene)
  4. ^ Zabrinov Hill Mass Grave on Geopedia (Slovene)
  5. ^ Ravni 1 Mass Grave on Geopedia (Slovene)
  6. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number 152
  7. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 2993

External links[edit]