|Municipality and Town|
Gornji Milanovac at night
Location of the municipality of Gornji Milanovac within Serbia
|• Mayor||Milisav Mirković SPS|
|• Municipality||836 km2 (323 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code||+381 32|
Gornji Milanovac (Serbian Cyrillic: Гoрњи Милановац, pronounced [ɡôːrɲiː mǐlanoʋats] ( )) is a town and municipality located in central Serbia. Its name means "Upper Milanovac" (there is a Lower Milanovac, as well) while Milanovac stems from name "Milan" in the Serbian language. The population of the town is 24,216, while the population of the municipality is 44,406.
The city was founded in 1853. Before 1859 the original name of the city was Despotovac, after the Despotovica river passing by the city. In 1859 the name was changed to Gornji Milanovac at the request of the Prince of Serbia Miloš Obrenović.
Main city crossroad branches:
- To the North, onto road Gornji Milanovac-Kragujevac (see Kragujevac) that crosses with E763 and turns East; the nearest village on the road is Donja Vrbava.
- To the East, turns South then East through the city, crosses E763 and then goes South through the village of Donja Trepča onto the route 23.
- To the South, towards E763.
- To the West, quickly turns North and after five kilometers (3.1 miles) branches into road Gornji Milanovac-Čestobrodica (see Čestobrodica) to the West; the nearest village on the road is Takovo, where Takovo Uprising begun; and into Road Gornji Milanovac – Donji Banjani (see Gornji Banjani) to the North; the nearest village on the road is Kalimanići.
Gornji Milanovac has Humid continental climate. Mildest parts (Sub-Humid) of Gornji Milanovac are Brdjani, Trudelj and Dragolj. The coldest parts (humid) are peaks of Rudnik, Rajac, parts of villages Majdan, Svrackovci, Gojna Gora, Gornji Branetici,Brajic, Polom and in north-west part of village Bogdanica. Moderately humid parts of municipality are in parts of Majdan and the rest parts of mountain Rudnik, Rajac and peaks of Suvobor.
The average annual temperature of air are in range of 8° C (46.4° F)in the parts of Rudnik and Suvobor and 11° C (51.8° F) at 250m (820.21 feet). Average daily (in %) humidity 78.5% during the year, in winter 85%, in summer periods 75% (excludining Rudnik mountain where it is 65%, which is good for relaxation and vacation). The hottest month of the year is July, and the colldest is January. Autumn is warmer than the spring for 1C (33.8 F).
The average annual precipitation height are in the range of 788 mm (31.02 in) and 985 mm (38.78 in).Minimum mean wind speed is 1.7 - 2.6m/s(3.11-5.05 knots) and maximum 13.8 - 20.7 m/s(26.83-40.24 knots). These maximum speed occurs he southeastern, southwestern and southern winds. On the territory of Gornji Milanovac prevails southestern, northern and eastern winds.
Vegatation period lasts 220–260 days. During these period precipitation rate is 55% which is which is fovarable for plants.
Annual average daily global radiation energy on a horizontal surface on territory of municipality Gornji Milanovac is between 3.8-4.0 kWh/m2
On the territory of Gornji Milanovac there is represented the following type of soil:
- Brown acid soil-which is whidespread in areas like Rudnik, from the west of Gruza river to Boljkovci;
- Brown soil on serpentine-at Vujan, Suvobor and Maljen mountines;
- Cambisol-in region of Lipovac, Prnjavor, Donja Crnuca, Belo Polje;
- Brown soil on limestone- in area of Ravna Gora;
- Brown soil on diabase-in region of Belo Polje, Gornja Vrbava, Donja Vrbava, Grabovica, Jablanica, in some village area like Brezovica, Rudnik, Zagradje, Gornji Branetici, Donji Branetici and Ozrem.
Erossion process was active in the past, which is why today in some parts of the territory have barren land. These processes have caused degradation of the land.
According to the last official census done in 2011, the Municipality of Gornji Milanovac has 44,406 inhabitants. Population density on the territory of the municipality is 53.1 inhabitants per square kilometer.
Ethnic composition of the municipality:
Twin towns — Sister cities
Gornji Milanovac is twinned with:
- Mosjøen, Norway
- Kavadarci, Republic of Macedonia
- Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia
- Edessa, Greece
- Pleven, Bulgaria
- Sežana, Slovenia
- Herăști, Romania
- Kamnik, Slovenia
- Kotor, Montenegro
- Budva, Montenegro
- Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Slavonska Pozega, Croatia
- Brăila, Romania
- Bursa, Turkey
- Nowogard, Bulgaria
- Plovdiv, Bulgaria
- Gmunden, Austria
- Municipality of Staro Nagoričane, Republic of Macedonia
- Bitola, Republic of Macedonia
- Strumica, Republic of Macedonia
- Vlasenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
- FK Metalac Gornji Milanovac, football club founded in 1961. The club currently competes in the Serbian First League.
- FK Takovo, football club founded in 1911. The club currently competes in the Morava Zone League (Fourth tier).
- ŽRK Metalac AD, women's handball club.
- OK Takovo, volleyball club.
- AK Takovo, athletic club.
- OKK Takovo, basketball club.
Church of Holy Trinity.
- Hadži-Prodan Gligorijević, Serbian military commander in First Serbian Uprising
- Jovan Žujović, anthropologist, a founder of geology in Serbia
- Mija Aleksić, Serbian actor
- Momčilo Nastasijević, a Serbian poet and novelist
- Dragiša Vasić, Serbian lawyer, writer and publicist
- Uroš Petrović, Serbian writer
- Bjesovi, alternative rock band
- Čedomir Mirković, Serbian writer and editor
- Draga Mašin, queen and wife of King Aleksandar Obrenović of the Kingdom of Serbia
- Ljubica Vukomanović, Princess consort of the Principality of Serbia, wife of Miloš Obrenović
- Jelena Abbou, née Jelena Djordjevic fitness model and figure competitor
- "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements". Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gornji Milanovac.|
- Official site
- GM032.net Internet Portal of the Municipality of Gornji Milanovac
- Tourist Organisation of the Municipality of Gornji Milanovac