Gornji Milanovac

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gornji Milanovac
Горњи Милановац
Municipality and Town
Gornji Milanovac at night
Gornji Milanovac at night
Coat of arms of Gornji Milanovac
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Gornji Milanovac within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Gornji Milanovac within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°01′27″N 20°27′36″E / 44.02417°N 20.46000°E / 44.02417; 20.46000Coordinates: 44°01′27″N 20°27′36″E / 44.02417°N 20.46000°E / 44.02417; 20.46000
Country  Serbia
District Moravica
Settlements 63
Government
 • Mayor Milisav Mirković SPS
Area[1]
 • Municipality 836 km2 (323 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 24,216
 • Municipality 44,406
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 32300
32301
Area code +381 32
Car plates GM
Website www.gornjimilanovac.rs

Gornji Milanovac (Serbian Cyrillic: Гoрњи Милановац, pronounced [ɡôːrɲiː mǐlanoʋats] ( )) is a town and municipality located in central Serbia. Its name means "Upper Milanovac" (there is a Lower Milanovac, as well) while Milanovac stems from name "Milan" in the Serbian language. The population of the town is 24,216, while the population of the municipality is 44,406.

The city was founded in 1853. Before 1859 the original name of the city was Despotovac, after the Despotovica river passing by the city. In 1859 the name was changed to Gornji Milanovac at the request of the Prince of Serbia Miloš Obrenović.

Geography[edit]

Gornji Milanovac lies between mountains Rudnik to the north and Vujan to the south.

The city is situated along western side of European route E763, between the cities Ljig to the north and Čačak to the south and the villages Majdan to the north and Preljina to the south.

Main city crossroad branches:

South of Milanovac, villages Brdjani to the West and Prislonica to the East are connected to E763 with local roads.

Climate[edit]

Gornji Milanovac has Humid continental climate.[3] Mildest parts (Sub-Humid) of Gornji Milanovac are Brdjani, Trudelj and Dragolj. The coldest parts (humid) are peaks of Rudnik, Rajac, parts of villages Majdan, Svrackovci, Gojna Gora, Gornji Branetici,Brajic, Polom and in north-west part of village Bogdanica. Moderately humid parts of municipality are in parts of Majdan and the rest parts of mountain Rudnik, Rajac and peaks of Suvobor.

The average annual temperature of air are in range of 8° C (46.4° F)in the parts of Rudnik and Suvobor and 11° C (51.8° F) at 250m (820.21 feet). Average daily (in %) humidity 78.5% during the year, in winter 85%, in summer periods 75% (excludining Rudnik mountain where it is 65%, which is good for relaxation and vacation). The hottest month of the year is July, and the colldest is January. Autumn is warmer than the spring for 1C (33.8 F).

The average annual precipitation height are in the range of 788 mm (31.02 in) and 985 mm (38.78 in).Minimum mean wind speed is 1.7 - 2.6m/s(3.11-5.05 knots) and maximum 13.8 - 20.7 m/s(26.83-40.24 knots). These maximum speed occurs he southeastern, southwestern and southern winds. On the territory of Gornji Milanovac prevails southestern, northern and eastern winds.

Vegatation period lasts 220–260 days. During these period precipitation rate is 55% which is which is fovarable for plants.

Annual average daily global radiation energy on a horizontal surface on territory of municipality Gornji Milanovac is between 3.8-4.0 kWh/m2

Soil[edit]

On the territory of Gornji Milanovac there is represented the following type of soil:[4]

  • Brown acid soil-which is whidespread in areas like Rudnik, from the west of Gruza river to Boljkovci;
  • Brown soil on serpentine-at Vujan, Suvobor and Maljen mountines;
  • Cambisol-in region of Lipovac, Prnjavor, Donja Crnuca, Belo Polje;
  • Brown soil on limestone- in area of Ravna Gora;
  • Brown soil on diabase-in region of Belo Polje, Gornja Vrbava, Donja Vrbava, Grabovica, Jablanica, in some village area like Brezovica, Rudnik, Zagradje, Gornji Branetici, Donji Branetici and Ozrem.

Erossion process was active in the past, which is why today in some parts of the territory have barren land. These processes have caused degradation of the land.

Demographics[edit]

According to the last official census done in 2011, the Municipality of Gornji Milanovac has 44,406 inhabitants. Population density on the territory of the municipality is 53.1 inhabitants per square kilometer.

Ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 43,453
Roma 178
Montenegrins 81
Macedonians 49
Croats 34
Yugoslavs 31
Others 580
Total 44,406

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Gornji Milanovac is twinned with:

Sport[edit]

Metalac Stadium, opened in 2012.

The most popular sport in the city, besides Basketball, Handball and Volleyball, is definitely Football.

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]