Gornozavodsky District

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Gornozavodsky District
Горнозаводский район (Russian)
Location of Gornozavodsk Region (Perm Kray).svg
Location of Gornozavodsky District in Perm Krai
Coat of Arms of Gornozavodsky rayon (Perm krai) (2008).png
Flag of Gornozavodsky rayon (Perm krai).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Perm Krai[1]
Administrative structure (as of November 2011)
Administrative center town of Gornozavodsk[1]
Inhabited localities:[1]
Cities/towns 1
Urban-type settlements 1
Rural localities 9
Municipal structure (as of October 2011)
Municipally incorporated as Gornozavodsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 6
Statistics
Area (municipal district) 7,057 km2 (2,725 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 26,044 inhabitants[4]
- Urban 94.4%
- Rural 5.6%
Density 3.69/km2 (9.6/sq mi)[5]
Time zone YEKT (UTC+05:00)[6]
Established November 4, 1965[3]
Official website

Gornozavodsky District (Russian: Горнозаво́дский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion) of Perm Krai, Russia; one of the thirty-three in the krai.[1] Municipally, it is incorporated as Gornozavodsky Municipal District.[2] It is located on the western slopes of the Ural Mountains in the east of the krai. The area of the district is 7,057 square kilometers (2,725 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the town of Gornozavodsk.[1] Population: 26,044 (2010 Census);[4] 30,172 (2002 Census);[7] 38,004 (1989 Census).[8] The population of Gornozavodsk accounts for 46.3% of the district's total population.[4]

Geography[edit]

The landscape of the district is hilly in the west and mountainous in the east. Climate changes from southwest to northeast, where it becomes more cold and humid. Main rivers include the Vilva, the Vizhay, the Koyva, and the Usva.

A part of the Basegi Nature Reserve occupies the north of the district.

History[edit]

Human settlement of this territory started in the early 17th century, when iron ore was found. Several metallurgical plants were later constructed. In the end of the 19th century, the PermYekaterinburg was constructed, contributing to the development of the region. The district in its modern borders was established on November 4, 1965, when it was split from Chusovskoy District.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Most of the inhabited localities in the district are concentrated along the Perm-Nizhny Tagil railroad and along the Koyva River.

Ethnically, Russians account for 88.4% of the population, Tatars are distant second at 4.9%, followed by Ukrainians at 1.7%.[3]

Economy[edit]

Timber and metallurgical industries and manufacture of building materials form the basis of the district's economy.[citation needed]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #416-67
  2. ^ a b c Law #1733-354
  3. ^ a b c d e Encyclopedia of Perm Krai. Entry on Gornozavodsky District (Russian)
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №416-67 от 28 февраля 1996 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пермского края», в ред. Закона №328-ПК от 7 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области и Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа». Вступил в силу с момента опубликования. Опубликован: "Звезда", №38, 12 марта 1996 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #416-67 of February 28, 1996 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #328-PK of June 7, 2014 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug. Effective as of the moment of publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №1733-354 от 10 ноября 2004 г. «Об утверждении границ и о наделении статусом муниципальных образований Горнозаводского района Пермского края», в ред. Закона №273-ПК от 14 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области, Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа, Пермского края». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Бюллетень Законодательного Собрания и администрации Пермской области", №12, I часть, 9 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #1733-354 of November 10, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Status to the Municipal Formations of Gornozavodsky District of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #273-PK of December 14, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast, Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug, Perm Krai. Effective as of the day which is ten days following the day of the official publication.).