Gorodets, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Gorodets.
Gorodets (English)
Городец (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Gorodets. Streets of the town..jpg
In Gorodets
Map of Russia - Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast in Russia
Gorodets is located in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
Gorodets
Gorodets
Location of Gorodets in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates: 56°39′N 43°29′E / 56.650°N 43.483°E / 56.650; 43.483Coordinates: 56°39′N 43°29′E / 56.650°N 43.483°E / 56.650; 43.483
Coat of Arms of Gorodets (Nizhny Novgorod).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of February 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Nizhny Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative district Gorodetsky District[1]
Town of district significance Gorodets[1]
Administrative center of Gorodetsky District,[1] town of district significance of Gorodets[1]
Municipal status (as of February 2011)
Municipal district Gorodetsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Gorodets Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Gorodetsky Municipal District,[2] Gorodets Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 30,658 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 1152[citation needed]
Town status since 1922[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 606500–606505, 606508, 606509
Gorodets on WikiCommons

Gorodets (Russian: Городе́ц) is a town and the administrative center of Gorodetsky District in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Volga River, 53 kilometers (33 mi) northwest of Nizhny Novgorod, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 30,658 (2010 Census);[3] 32,442 (2002 Census);[6] 34,210 (1989 Census);[7] 34,000 (1970).

History[edit]

A monument to Alexander Nevsky in Gorodets

The town was founded in 1152 by Prince Yury Dolgoruky (also the founder of Moscow) as a large fortress on the Volga River, the first Russian fortress in today's Nizhny Novgorod Oblast.[citation needed] It was a starting point for numerous campaigns of the princes of Vladimir and Suzdal against Volga Bulgaria. In 1216, Yury II of Vladimir was dethroned by his brother and exiled here. In 1239, the town was burned to the ground by Batu Khan's army. Folk tradition identifies Gorodets with Little Kitezh, a legendary town destroyed by the Mongols.

In 1263, Alexander Nevsky died in Gorodets on his way back to Novgorod from the Golden Horde. His son, Andrey, made the town his chief residence. A famous medieval icon-painter, Prokhor, was born there. In the mid-14th century, the town was overshadowed by the neighboring Nizhny Novgorod but continued as the third largest town of Nizhny Novgorod Principality until 1408, when Edigu razed it to the ground.

For two following centuries the town was known as Gorodets Pustoy (i. e., "Gorodets the Empty"). Some chronicles state that its entire population moved slightly downstream and resettled at Salt-on-Gorodets (today's Balakhna). By the 19th century, Gorodets was revived as a prosperous village settled by Old Believer merchants and reputed for its decorative handicrafts, such as wood carving and painting. In 1875, the Nizhny Novgorod writer A. S. Gatsisky described Gorodets as a major center of trade in grain and wooden kitchenware.[8]

In 1922, Gorodets becomes a town again, as well the administrative center of Gorodetsky Uyezd (later, Gorodetsky District).[citation needed] Between 1948 and 1959, the dam of Gorky Hydroelectric Station (now Nizhny Novgorod Hydroelectric Station) was built a few kilometers upstream from Gorodets, and along with the station a new industrial town, Zavolzhye, was built on the right side of the Volga.

In the past, the town was also sometimes referred to as Gorodets-Radilov (Городе́ц-Ради́лов), or simply Radilov.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Gorodets serves as the administrative center of Gorodetsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Gorodetsky District as the town of district significance of Gorodets.[1] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Gorodets is incorporated within Gorodetsky Municipal District as Gorodets Urban Settlement.[2]

Architecture and culture[edit]

The chief historic monuments of Gorodets—the Trinity Cathedral (1644), St. Nicholas Church (1672), and Feodorovsky Monastery, associated with the famous icon of the same name—were destroyed by the Communists. The oldest surviving structure is a rather plain church (1707–1712), built over the site of an earlier church where the town's best known ruler, Andrey of Gorodets, was interred in 1304.

There are several museums in the town, including the Gingerbread Museum and the Samovar Museum, the latter housing a large collection of tea kettles.

Economy[edit]

Besides sharing the Nizhny Novgorod Hydroelectric Station with Zavolzhye, Gorodets has a shipbuilding industry. Traditional local crafts—woodworking, embroidery, honey bread baking—are still pursued in Gorodets, but in a more industrial way, at several local factories, whose products are available at souvenir shops all over the country.

Transportation[edit]

The electric railroad branch from Nizhny Novgorod ends in Zavolzhye; but there is a road connection over the hydro dam, which provides the only fixed crossing across the Volga between Nizhny Novgorod and Kineshma.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Order #4-od
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #114-Z
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ A Guide to Nizhny Novgorod and Nizhny Novgorod Fair Alexander Gatsisky, 1875. (Russian)

Sources[edit]

  • Государственно-правовой департамент Нижегородской области. Приказ №4-од от 31 января 2014 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных образований, городских и сельских населённых пунктов Нижегородской области», в ред. Приказа №8-од от 27 февраля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Реестр административно-территориальных образований, городских и сельских населённых пунктов Нижегородской области». Опубликован: "Нижегородская правда", №30 и №33, 22 и 29 марта 2014 г. (State Legal Department of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. Order #4-od of January 31, 2014 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations, Urban and Rural Localities of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Order #8-od of February 27, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations, Urban and Rural Localities of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Нижегородской области. Закон №114-З от 18 августа 2005 г. «Об утверждении границ, состава территории Городецкого муниципального района, границ и состава территорий муниципальных образований, входящих в состав Городецкого муниципального района», в ред. Закона №16-З от 7 февраля 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Нижегородской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Нижегородские новости", №165(3337), 3 сентября 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. Law #114-Z of August 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Composition of Gorodetsky Municipal District; the Borders and the Composition of the Municipal Formations Within Gorodetsky Municipal District, as amended by the Law #16-Z of February 7, 2011 On Amending Various Laws of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).