Goryeo military regime

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Goryeo military regime
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Musin Jeonggwon
McCune–Reischauer Musin Jŏnggwŏn

The term Goryeo military regime (Hangul: 무신정권; hanja: 武臣政權; RR: Musin Jeonggwon; MR: Musin Jŏnggwŏn) describes the government of Goryeo from the time of the military coup d'état of 1170 to the Sambyeolcho Rebellion of 1270 and the definitive subordination of Korea to the Mongol Empire. The rule of the Ubong Choe house from 1196 to 1258 is in particular known as the Choe regime (Hangul: 최정권; hanja: 崔政權; RR: Choe Jeonggwon).

The Goryeosa exemplifies the period in its evaluation of the reign of one of the kings of the military regime, Sinjong:

Sinjong was put upon the throne by Ch'oe Ch'ung-hŏn, and all matters of life and death, decisions to accept or to reject, were in Ch'oe's hands. Sinjong stood above his subjects holding only empty authority. Alas, he was nothing but a puppet.

—Goryeosa[1]

List of leaders[edit]

Name Assumed power Power ended Monarch Notes
Yi Ui-bang
이의방 / 李義方
1170 1174 Uijong
Myeongjong
Led a successful rebellion against the civilian government and deposed Uijong, installing Myeongjong as a puppet king. Overthrown.
Jeong Jung-bu
정중부 / 鄭仲夫
1174 1179 Myeongjong Participant in 1170 rebellion; ordered the assassination of Yi Ui-bang and assumed personal power. Overthrown.
Gyeong Dae-seung
경대승 / 慶大升
1179 1183 Myeongjong Assassinated Jeong jung-bu and his family. Gyeong Dae-seung tried to restore the civilian government. But Myeongjong, who regarded him as violate on royal power, hated him. Consequently Gyeong Dae-seung failed to restore the civilian government, but historians of the Joseon Dynasty didn't consider him as traitor. (All other leaders considered as traitor against the king)
Yi Ui-min
이의민 / 李義旼
1183 1196 Myeongjong Assumed power by request of Myeongjong after Gyeong's death. Overthrown.
Choe regime (The House of Choe)
Choe Chung-heon
최충헌 / 崔忠獻
1196 1219 Myeongjong
Sinjong
Huijong
Gangjong
Gojong
Overthrew the governing War Council and assassinated Yi Ui-min.
Choe Woo
최우 / 崔瑀
1219 1249 Gojong Son of Choe Chung-heon.
Choe Hang
최항 / 崔沆
1249 1257 Gojong Son of Choe Woo.
Choe Ui
최의 / 崔竩
1257 1258 Gojong Son of Choe Hang. Overthrown & Killed by Kim Jun & Ryu(Yu) gyung柳璥(1211–1289),who was a scholar & prime minister as teacher of An hyang & King Gojong.

Bobgwan 本貫 of family name 'Mun wha文化' was given by King Gojong from military(武) liberation. Mun wha gun(文化郡) is original area in Whanghaedo(黃海道)region.

Later rulers
Kim Jun
김준 / 金俊
1258 1268 Wonjong Assassinated Choe Ui. Overthrown.
Im Yeon
임연 / 林衍
1268 1270 Wonjong
Yeongjong
Wonjong
Assassinated Kim Jun. Unsuccessfully attempted to instate a new king.
Im Yu-mu
임유무 / 林惟茂
1270 1270 Wonjong Son of Im Yeon. Overthrown by Sambyeolcho under direction of the Mongols. End of the military regimes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lee 1984, p. 142.

Sources[edit]

  • Lee, Ki-baek (1984). "Chapter 7: Rule by the Military". A New History of Korea. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-61576-2. 
  • Schultz, E. J. (2000). Generals and Scholars: Military Rule in Medieval Korea. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-2324-5. 

See also[edit]