Gorzkie żale (Polish pronunciation: [ˈɡɔʂkʲe ˈʐalɛ] 'Lenten (or Bitter) Lamentations') is a Catholic devotion, containing many hymns, that developed out of Poland. One part is held on each Sundays in the Lent period, and the entire ceremony is held on Good Friday. The tradition dates to the 18th century in the Warsaw's Holy Cross Church and from there it spread to entire Poland. There are five parts: "Pobudka" (Wake-up call), "Żal duszę ściska" (Sadness grips the soul), "Lament duszy" (Cry of the soul), "Smutna rozmowa" (Sad discussion); and the last part, "Któryś za nas cierpiał rany" (You who suffered wounds for us).
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