Gosairhat Upazila

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Gosairhat
গোসাইরহাট
Upazila
Gosairhat is located in Bangladesh
Gosairhat
Gosairhat
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23°5′N 90°26′E / 23.083°N 90.433°E / 23.083; 90.433Coordinates: 23°5′N 90°26′E / 23.083°N 90.433°E / 23.083; 90.433
Country  Bangladesh
Division Dhaka Division
District Shariatpur District
Establishment 1921
Granted Upazila status 1983
Area[1]
 • Total 196.72 km2 (75.95 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Total 157,665
 • Density 800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
 • Summer (DST) BDST (UTC+7)
Postal code 8050
Calling Code +88 (06024)
Website gosairhat.shariatpur.gov.bd(Bengali)

Gosairhat (Bengali: গোসাইরহাট) is an upazila of Shariatpur District in the Division of Dhaka, in south central Bangladesh.

Etymology[edit]

Nothing is definitely known about the origin of the name Gosairhat. It is said that, in the past there lived a religious man of Hindu community named "Brommonanda Geeri" in the present place of the upazila headquarters. He was very pious and well known to all as Goshai (meaning: spiritual man). In the course of time, a weekly trading center (hat in Bengali) was developed around the heritage of that Goshai and become popularly known as Gosairhat.

History[edit]

Along with the rest of Bengal, Gosairhat came under the rule of the British East India Company after the defeat of the Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula to the company at the Battle of Plassey in 1757. The area had been administered as Madaripur subdivision, which was established in 1854 under the then Bakerganj District. Madaripur subdivision was separated from Bakerganj district and annexed with Faridpur District in 1873. Gosairhat came into existence as a thana in 1921. Gosairhat was a big thana until 1975, when a segment of this thana was converted to Damudya thana and lately Upazila. In 1978 six thanas along with Gosairhat were separated from Madaripur subdivision and formed Shariatpur Subdivision, while in 1983 Gosairhat was elevated to an upazila which worked under newly created Shariatpur District in 1984.

Gosairhat Upazila is well known for Potty Launch station,[3] which is one of the oldest launch stations of Bangladesh, where south bound launches stop. Potty was a prominent steamer station during British Raj and Pakistan regime. In British India Idilpur pargana was one of the 8 remaining parganas of that time. Its headquarters was in Haturia of present Gosairhat upazila, where a tehsil office and zamindar house also still exist. Presently Idilpur is the largest union of Gosairhat upazila with 31,612 population.

Geography[edit]

Gosairhat Upazila has a total area of 196.72 square kilometres (75.95 sq mi).[1] It is the southernmost upazila of Shariatpur Distirct. Located on the western bank of the Meghna River, it borders Damudya and Bhedargan upazilas to the north, Haimchar Upazila of Chandpur District to the east, Muladi and Hizla upazilas of Barisal District to the south, and Kalkini Upazila of Madaripur District to the west.

The upazila headquarters is spread over the only two urban areas of the upazila, Dhipur and Daser Jangal mauzas. Togehter they have a total area of 4.33 square kilometres (1.67 sq mi).[2][4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. (000) ±%
1981 189 —    
1991 115 −39.2%
2001 124 +7.8%
2011 158 +27.4%
2011 population increased sharply because upazila boundaries were redrawn to include Kuchaipatti Union
Source:
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics[1]

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Gosairhat Upazila had 33,169 households and a population of 157,665, 7.0% of whom lived in urban areas.[2] 12.7% of the population was under the age of 5.[5] The literacy rate (age 7 and over) was 42.1%, compared to the national average of 51.8%.[6][7]

The boundaries of the upazila were expanded in 2006 by the addition of Kuchaipatti Union, transferred from adjacent Hizla Upazila of Barisal District.[citation needed] The transfer accounts for 21,313 of the growth in population from 2001. Without it the population increase from 2001 to 2011 would have been 10.5%.[2]

Economy[edit]

Paan cultivation. 13 September 2008

Agriculture is the main economic activity. It contributed almost 70.86% to the economy at the 2001 census. Other sources are livestock, forestry, fishery, business, hawking, rural transport and non-agricultural labor. Main crops are paddy, chilly, jute, paan (betel leaf) and (Bengali: খেজুরের গুড়) (date tree molasses). Paan is mostly exported to capital city Dhaka and abroad also.

Rural economy of Gosairhat are operated by local 13 big hats and bazaars of which most noted are Dasherjangal bazaar, Kodalpur bazaar, Nagerpara bazaar and Jushirgaon hat and Kacharir hat, Goriber Char hat, Shamantasar hat and Kuchaipatty hat. Peasants come with their products for sale in hats which sit twice in a week.

Arts and culture[edit]

Independence Day (March 26), International Mother Language Day (February 21) and Victory Day (December 16) are celebrated across the Upazila with due honor followed by cultural functions. Many schools organize fairs and festivals which are enjoyed by citizens from all levels of society. All educational institutions arrange annual sports competitions and cultural functions which are held generally in the winter.

Pohela Baishakh (Bengali: পহেলা বৈশাখ Nôbobôrsho, নববর্ষ) is popularly celebrated by baisakhi mela (fair) and cultural programs across the upazila. The traders renew their business relationships with customers by halkhata, where a newly purchased accounting book opens while closing the old one. The customers are invited and offered sweets, paan and gifts on this occasion. In Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Azha, large numbers of Muslims attend prayers in masjids, eidgahs and visit the homes of relatives and friends. The Durga Puja is the most important Hindu festival of the year, where large processions of Hindus perform devotional songs, dances, prayers and ceremonies for the goddess. The most popular dress for women is sari or salwar kameez, while men usually prefer traditional shirt-pants, panjabi and lungi.

Dal-Bhat is the main food of the people of Gosairhat. Fish, meat, mixed vegetables are also eaten with bhat. Some people also take roti, pôroţa, bread, bhaji with the breakfast meal. Panta bhat and alu vorta (mashed potato) with dal and pora morich (burn chilly) is a popular dish which is taken as breakfast by most of the village people. Biryani and chicken roast or polow, korma and meat rejala are commonly offered to visiting bridegrooms and as well as in wedding and birthday celebrations.

Rasgulla, sandesh, cham cham, mishti doi, kalo jaam, amerti and bundia[8] are available in sweetmeat stalls. Pithas like bhapa piţha (steamed), puli pitha, pati sapta pitha, pakan piţha (fried), and chitai piţhas are eaten in winter season and nabanna. Jatra, circus, puppet shows have also been arranged for entertainment in the winter season.

Administration[edit]

Gosairhat Upazila is divided into eight union parishads: Alawalpur, Goshairhat, Idilpur, Kodalpur, Kuchaipatti, Nager Para, Nalmuri, and Samantasar. The union parishads are subdivided into 84 mauzas and 221 villages.[1]

In the 2009 upazila elections, Fazlur Rahman was elected Upazila Chairman, while Chowdhury Ahsan Siddiqui and Ferdousi Begum were elected vice chairmen.[9] The Upazila Nirbahi Officer (UNO), who administers the upazila for the central government, is MST Kamrunnahar.[10] Each union is managed by a Union Parishad Chairman.

Parliamentary constituency Shariatpur-3 covers Damudya and Gosairhat upazilas, and the Bhedarganj Thana portion of Bhedarganj Upazila. Nahim Razzak of the Bangladesh Awami League was elected Member of Parliament in a 2012 by-election in which he was unopposed.[11][12]

Infrastructure[edit]

There is an Upazila Health Complex, which consists of a 31-bedded hospital and 7 family planning clinics.

Education[edit]

Education is mainly offered in Bengali. English is also taught as a compulsory subject. A large number of Muslim families send their children to attend part-time courses or even to pursue full-time religious education, which is imparted in Bengali and Arabic in Madrasahs and Maktabs.

The Idilpur Pilot High School, founded in 1894,[4] is the oldest educational institution in the upazila.[citation needed] Shamsur Rahman Degree College is the only college in the upazila.

The madrasa education system includes three fazil madrasas.[13]

Media[edit]

Some major national newspapers are published in Dhaka, including The Daily Ittefaq, Prothom Alo, Naya Diganta, Inqilab, Janakantha and Amar Desh are available in Gosairhat. There is also a press club in Gosairhat. Satellite television channels like NTV, Channel i, ATN Bangla, Channel One, Ekushey Television, RTV, Boishaki TV,[14] Banglavision TV, as well as terrestrial television channel Bangladesh Television are available in the upazila. Radio programs are also very popular to the farmers. There are 18 clubs, one public library and one cinema hall in the upazila. The Royal Sporting Club is noted for its participation in soccer. Football, volleyball, kabbadi, cricket are widely played by the students and young people of Gosairhat.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Professor Dr. Jogesh Chandra Ghosh (Late), founder of Sadhana Aushadhalaya in 1914, Dhaka and Kolkata, Ayurvedic Medicine Industry. He was most famous in entire Bengal for his Ayurvedic Medicine Industry Sadhana Aushadhalaya. Later he was brutally killed nearby his own residence in old Dhaka by Pakistani army during the liberation war in 1971.
  • Al-haj Shamsur Rahman,Chairman Bay Group, founder of Shamsur Rahman Degree College, Gosairhat, Gausia Islamia Fazil Madrasah, Dhaka, Khalilur Rahman Islamia Senior Madrasha, Haturia, Samantasar High School, Samantasar.He is famed for his contribution in social economic development. He is the son of Khalilur Rahman and Safura Begum of Haturia
  • Commodore Fazlur Rahman, was Director of National Security Intelligence (NSI) of Bangladesh. He was commissioned in Bangladesh Navy after successfully graduating from Bangladesh Naval Academy in 1980. Later on, he was also graduated from Defence Services Command and Staff College, Mirpur, Dhaka. He served long 32 years holding important military positions at home and abroad including Director of Naval Headquarters, Director of Bangladesh Coast Guard and Zone Commander of UN Peace Keeping Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). After commissioning in Bangladesh Navy he earned his B.Sc in Naval Architecture and Engineering from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka. He came of an educated and noble Muslim family of Nagerpara. He is the second son of late Mr. Ali Ashraf Beparee and Mrs. Zobeda Khatun.
  • Mohammad Shamsul Alam, a civil servant is famed for huge infrastructural development (200 miles metallic road including road connection with capital city, extended hospital facilities, new telephone exchange, development of bazaars, embankments, school buildings construction, deep tube wells for purified water and rural electrification) in Goshairhat during last decade. He is well known for consecutive 15 years private secretarial job with Bangladeshi Prime Minister Khaleda Zia. He is the son of late Dr. Md. Yousuf Ali and Azufa Khatun of Dasherjangal village.
  • Hazrat Sha Sufi Abdul Aziz Nuri(Late) (Religious Person),his mazer is situated at Kodalpur Union. Every year(3,4 & 5 February) a religious program is held on the occasion of his death anniversary at his mazer premises. Follower of Abdul Aziz Nuri participate in this occasion from different part of the country.
  • Alhaj Maolana Abdur Rashid was the founder Principal of Borokalinogor Senior Madrasa (the first highest educational institute of Goshairhat).He established Borokalinogor High School, Madrasa Bazar,Borokalinogor Govt. Primary School, Post office and a big pond on his father's own land for the welfare of the people.
  • Abdur Rahman Munshi (Haturia) former Chairman of Nalmuri union parisad. Founder of Khunerchar primary school & Rahmania Madrasa in Khunerchar. He is the pioneer person to development of Nalmuri union parisad. He is the son of Landlord Late Al-haj Akkel Ali Munshi.
  • Maolana Abdul Baten (Haturia) a famous wayes of Islamic movement in goshairhat upozela.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "District Statistics 2011: Shariatpur" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved July 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Population Census 2011: Shariatpur Table C-01" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved July 11, 2014. 
  3. ^ http://www.wikimapia.org/#lat=23.0765289&lon=90.4318678&z=18&l=0&m=b
  4. ^ a b Rahman, AKM Matiur (2012). "Damudya Upazila". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  5. ^ "Population Census 2011: Shariatpur Table C-04" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved July 11, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population Census 2011: Shariatpur Table C-06" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved July 11, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Census 2011: Bangladesh at a Glance" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  8. ^ http://www.giftmela.com/details.php?product_id=842&productname=%20Bundia
  9. ^ "Upazila Election Centerwise Result Details 2009". Bangladesh Election Commission. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  10. ^ "List of Upazila Nirbahi Officers". Ministry of Public Administration. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Delimination of Constituencies" (PDF). Election Commission Bangladesh. 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2014. (Bengali)
  12. ^ "Nahim sworn in as MP". Daily Sun (Dhaka). 1 March 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  13. ^ "List of Institutions". Ministry of Education. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  14. ^ http://www.boishakhi.tv/