Gosford

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For other uses, see Gosford (disambiguation).
Gosford
New South Wales
Australia-Map-NSW-LGA-Gosford.png
Elevation 20 m (66 ft)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST) AEST (UTC+11)
Location 76 km (47 mi) from Sydney
LGA(s) City of Gosford
State electorate(s) Gosford
Federal Division(s) Robertson
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
23.3 °C
74 °F
11.4 °C
53 °F
1,333.0 mm
52.5 in
Localities around Gosford:
North Gosford Narara Wyoming
West Gosford Gosford East Gosford
Point Clare Point Clare Tascott

Gosford is a city located on the Central Coast of New South Wales, Australia, about 76 km north of the Sydney central business district. The city is situated at the northern extremity of Brisbane Water, an extensive northern branch of the Hawkesbury River estuary and Broken Bay.

The city is the administrative centre of the Central Coast region,[1] which is the third largest urban area in New South Wales after Sydney and Newcastle. Gosford has been designated as an important growth centre under the NSW Metropolitan Strategy.[2] The suburb's population was 3,392 in the 2011 census.[3]

Gosford once considered as an exurb of the Sydney metropolitan area,[4] is increasingly seeing itself as the capital of the greater Central Coast region.[5] Yet still a significant proportion of the population commutes for work or study.[6] This can be attributed to a lower cost of living, relative lack of local employment and educational opportunities in the area, lifestyle factors and the development of strong transport links.[7] These factors have caused the population of both Gosford and the wider Central Coast to grow rapidly in recent years.[8]

In the 2011 Census, the most common countries of birth of people in Gosford were 63.6% Australia, England 4.4%, Mainland China 2.4%, India 1.9%, New Zealand 1.9% and South Korea 1.1%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 24.3%, Catholic 21.6%, Anglican 18.0%, Buddhism 3.4% and Uniting Church 2.8%.[9]

History[edit]

Until European settlement, the area around Gosford was inhabited by the Guringai peoples, who were principally coastal-dwellers[10] and the Darkinjung people that inhabited the hinterland. Along with the other land around the Hawkesbury River estuary, the Brisbane Water district was explored during the early stages of the settlement of Sydney. In the early 19th century some pioneering European settlers began occupying the land, for timber-cutting (mainly ironbark and Australian red cedar), lime production and grazing.[citation needed]

Gosford itself was explored by Governor Phillip between 1788 and 1789. The area was difficult to access and settlement did not start before 1823. By the late 19th century the agriculture in the region was diversifying, with market gardens and citrus orchards occupying the rich soil left after the timber harvest. The road between Hawkesbury (near Pittwater) and Brisbane Water was a cart wheel track even in 1850.[11]

Convicts once lived and worked in the Gosford area. In 1825, Gosford's population reached 100, of which 50% were convicts.

East Gosford was the first centre of settlement. Gosford was named in 1839 after Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford – a friend of the then Governor of New South Wales George Gipps.[12]

In 1887, the rail link to Sydney was completed, requiring a bridge over the Hawkesbury River and a tunnel through the sandstone ridge west of Woy Woy. The introduction of this transport link and then the Pacific Highway in 1930 accelerated the development of the region.

Gosford became a town in 1885 and was declared a municipality in 1886.[13]

Newspapers[edit]

Gosford Community News[14] has been published fortnightly by Ducks Crossing Publications since 2010.

Express Advocate: News Limited publish a free weekly suburban style newspaper in the News Local group.

Radio[edit]

Climate[edit]

Gosford has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa)[15] with warm summers and mild winters. In summer, temperatures average about 27-28 °C in the day with high humidity and about 17-18 °C at night. Winters are mild with cool overnight temperatures and mild to occasionally warm daytime temperatures with lower humidity. Average rainfall is 1333mm, much of which falls in the late summer and autumn. Records range from a maximum of 44.8 °C (113 °F) on 18 January 2013, to a low of −4.2 °C (24 °F) on 16 July 1970.

Climate data for Gosford
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.8
(112.6)
43.0
(109.4)
40.1
(104.2)
32.9
(91.2)
28.8
(83.8)
25.0
(77)
25.5
(77.9)
29.9
(85.8)
36.1
(97)
38.0
(100.4)
41.8
(107.2)
43.0
(109.4)
44.8
(112.6)
Average high °C (°F) 28.2
(82.8)
27.4
(81.3)
26.0
(78.8)
23.4
(74.1)
20.6
(69.1)
18.4
(65.1)
17.7
(63.9)
19.4
(66.9)
22.2
(72)
24.0
(75.2)
25.0
(77)
26.9
(80.4)
23.3
(73.9)
Average low °C (°F) 17.2
(63)
17.2
(63)
15.4
(59.7)
12.1
(53.8)
8.8
(47.8)
6.7
(44.1)
5.4
(41.7)
5.6
(42.1)
8.3
(46.9)
10.9
(51.6)
13.7
(56.7)
15.7
(60.3)
11.4
(52.5)
Record low °C (°F) 7.5
(45.5)
9.7
(49.5)
5.8
(42.4)
1.5
(34.7)
0.1
(32.2)
−1.5
(29.3)
−4.2
(24.4)
−1.1
(30)
−0.6
(30.9)
1.1
(34)
3.9
(39)
6.0
(42.8)
−4.2
(24.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 115.6
(4.551)
185.6
(7.307)
140.2
(5.52)
154.6
(6.087)
119.7
(4.713)
113.6
(4.472)
74.3
(2.925)
72.8
(2.866)
64.8
(2.551)
90.8
(3.575)
95.5
(3.76)
109.2
(4.299)
1,333
(52.48)
Avg. precipitation days 11.3 11.1 11.5 11.4 10.5 10.4 9.3 8.4 8.5 9.4 10.1 10.1 122.0
 % humidity 59 63 62 61 61 62 55 48 51 54 59 59 58
Source: [16]

City centre[edit]

The north part of Gosford's CBD, looking down Mann Street towards the large yellow building which is the Imperial Shopping Centre.
Taken from Central Coast Leagues Club looking south over Brisbane Water. NB: The circus tents.

Gosford proper is located in a valley with President's Hill on the city's western border, Rumbalara Reserve on its eastern border, and Brisbane water to the city's south. Mann Street, Gosford's main street and part of the Pacific Highway, runs north-south and contains the frontage for much of the commercial district. The Central Coast Highway runs past Gosford's waterfront area, while its predecessor the Pacific Highway takes on several names through the CBD itself. Mann Street contains the main public transport links for Gosford, including Gosford railway station and the termini for several bus routes.

In the centre of Gosford is a shopping and community precinct, including Kibble Park, William Street Mall, Gosford City Library, the Imperial Shopping Centre, the Gosford Town Shopping Centre and a full range of shops, cafes, banks and services, especially along William Street Mall.

The Gosford CBD suffered a decline in the 1990s as commercial activity relocated to nearby Erina, particularly Erina Fair.[citation needed] To address this, the city has more recently redeveloped its park in the city centre, including a stream, a restaurant and outdoor performance facilities. This will be the beginning of the redevelopment of the CBD. A small number of high rise developments have also been built in the area to encourage a concentration of residents in a bid to stimulate the economy of local business. More high rise developments are planned.

A renewed period of optimism has followed several infrastructure investment projects including the full fibre optic telecommunications rollout of the National Broadband Network in 2012 in the city's CBD[17] as well as the so-called Kibbleplex project, announced in 2013[18] that plans to house the new regional library, tertiary teaching rooms and associated organisations.

Facilities[edit]

Gosford is home to:

Notable people[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Sister cities and twin towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°25′36″S 151°20′30″E / 33.42667°S 151.34167°E / -33.42667; 151.34167