Gotemba Line

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Gotemba Line
Limited Express Asagiri.jpg
Asagiri limited express services pass at Yaga Station, April 2008
Overview
Type Passenger/freight
Termini Kōzu
Numazu
Stations 19
Operation
Opening 1889
Owner JR Central
Rolling stock 313 series
211 series
Odakyu 60000 series MSE
Technical
Line length 60.2 km (37.4 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC
Route map
Route Map of Gotemba Line.svg

The Gotemba Line (御殿場線 Gotemba-sen?) is a railway line operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in Japan. It runs between Kōzu Station in Odawara, Kanagawa and Numazu Station in Numazu, Shizuoka via Gotemba Station. The limited express train "Asagiri" runs between Shinjuku (Tokyo) and Gotemba, via Matsuda.

Station list[edit]

Station
name
Japanese Distance from
Kōzu (km)
Transfers Location
Town/city Prefecture
Kōzu 国府津 0.0 Tōkaidō Main Line,
Shōnan-Shinjuku Line
Odawara Kanagawa
Shimo-Soga 下曽我 3.8
Kami-Ōi 上大井 6.5 Ashigarakami District,
Ōi
Sagami-Kaneko 相模金子 8.3
Matsuda 松田 10.2 Odakyu Odawara Line Ashigarakami District,
Matsuda
Higashi-Yamakita 東山北 13.1 Ashigarakami District,
Yamakita
Yamakita 山北 15.9
Yaga 谷峨 20.0
Suruga-Oyama 駿河小山 24.6 Suntō District,
Oyama
Shizuoka
Ashigara 足柄 28.9
Gotemba 御殿場 35.5 Gotemba
Minami-Gotemba 南御殿場 38.2
Fujioka 富士岡 40.6
Iwanami 岩波 45.3 Susono
Susono 裾野 50.7
Nagaizumi-Nameri 長泉なめり 53.5 Suntō District,
Nagaizumi
Shimo-Togari 下土狩 55.6
Ōoka 大岡 57.8 Numazu
Numazu 沼津 60.2 Tōkaidō Main Line

Rolling stock[edit]

Local services[edit]

Limited express Asagiri services[edit]

Past[edit]

History[edit]

The present-day Gotemba Line was built as part of the original route of the Tōkaidō Main Line connecting Tokyo with Osaka. The portion between Kōzu and Numazu was opened on February 1, 1889, although it was not officially named the "Tokaido Line" until 1896. Portions were double tracked from 1891 and the double tracking was completed by 1901. However, the line formed a large detour north on the direct route between Kōzu and Numazu in order to avoid the Hakone Mountains, and prolonged significantly the total travel time between Tokyo and Osaka. A more direct route had been planned as early as 1909, but technical difficulties delayed the completion of the Tanna Tunnel until December 1, 1934. With the opening of the tunnel, the route of the Tōkaidō Main Line was changed to one via Atami Station, leaving the section between Kōzu Station and Numazu Station as a spur line renamed as the Gotemba Line.

In 1943, due to the reduced traffic on the Gotemba line, and the urgent requirement for steel in World War II, the double track was removed, leaving the line as a single track railway. Steam locomotives were replaced by diesel multiple units in 1955. A cooperative agreement was reached with the privately owned Odakyu Electric Railway to operate express trains directly from Shinjuku Station in Tokyo from 1955 as well. The line was electrified from 1968. Regularly scheduled freight services were discontinued at most stations by 1982.

A new Centralized traffic control system was installed in December 1989, with a programmed route control system implemented from March 1990. Installation for the TOICA automated turnstile system will be completed at all stations by 2010.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  • Yoshikawa, Fumio. Tokaido-sen 130-nen no ayumi. Grand-Prix Publishing (2002) ISBN 4-87687-234-1. (Japanese)
  1. ^ "2012年3月17日(土) ダイヤ改正を実施します。" [Saturday 17 March 2012 Timetable Revision] (pdf). News Release (in Japanese). Japan: Odakyu Electric Railway. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2012. 

External links[edit]