Asagiri limited express services pass at Yaga Station, April 2008
|Rolling stock||313 series
Odakyu 60000 series MSE
|Line length||60.2 km (37.4 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC|
The Gotemba Line (御殿場線 Gotemba-sen?) is a railway line operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in Japan. It runs between Kōzu Station in Odawara, Kanagawa and Numazu Station in Numazu, Shizuoka via Gotemba Station. The limited express train "Asagiri" runs between Shinjuku (Tokyo) and Gotemba, via Matsuda.
|Kōzu||国府津||0.0||Tōkaidō Main Line,
|Matsuda||松田||10.2||Odakyu Odawara Line||Ashigarakami District,
|Numazu||沼津||60.2||Tōkaidō Main Line|
Limited express Asagiri services
- 113 series
- Odakyu 3000 series SE (until 1991)
- 115 series (until 2007)
- E231 series (until March 2012)
- 371 series (Asagiri services, until March 2012)
- Odakyu 20000 series RSE (Asagiri services, until March 2012)
The present-day Gotemba Line was built as part of the original route of the Tōkaidō Main Line connecting Tokyo with Osaka. The portion between Kōzu and Numazu was opened on February 1, 1889, although it was not officially named the "Tokaido Line" until 1896. Portions were double tracked from 1891 and the double tracking was completed by 1901. However, the line formed a large detour north on the direct route between Kōzu and Numazu in order to avoid the Hakone Mountains, and prolonged significantly the total travel time between Tokyo and Osaka. A more direct route had been planned as early as 1909, but technical difficulties delayed the completion of the Tanna Tunnel until December 1, 1934. With the opening of the tunnel, the route of the Tōkaidō Main Line was changed to one via Atami Station, leaving the section between Kōzu Station and Numazu Station as a spur line renamed as the Gotemba Line.
In 1943, due to the reduced traffic on the Gotemba line, and the urgent requirement for steel in World War II, the double track was removed, leaving the line as a single track railway. Steam locomotives were replaced by diesel multiple units in 1955. A cooperative agreement was reached with the privately owned Odakyu Electric Railway to operate express trains directly from Shinjuku Station in Tokyo from 1955 as well. The line was electrified from 1968. Regularly scheduled freight services were discontinued at most stations by 1982.
A new Centralized traffic control system was installed in December 1989, with a programmed route control system implemented from March 1990. Installation for the TOICA automated turnstile system will be completed at all stations by 2010.
- Yoshikawa, Fumio. Tokaido-sen 130-nen no ayumi. Grand-Prix Publishing (2002) ISBN 4-87687-234-1. (Japanese)
- "２０１２年３月１７日（土） ダイヤ改正を実施します。" [Saturday 17 March 2012 Timetable Revision] (pdf). News Release (in Japanese). Japan: Odakyu Electric Railway. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2012.
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