Gotha (district)

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Gotha
District
Thuringia gth.png
Country  Germany
State Thuringia
Capital Gotha
Area
 • Total 936 km2 (361 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 135,376
 • Density 140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration GTH
Website www.landkreis-gotha.de

Gotha is a Kreis (district) in the middle of Thuringia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Unstrut-Hainich, Sömmerda, the district-free city Erfurt, Ilm-Kreis, Schmalkalden-Meiningen and the Wartburgkreis.

History[edit]

The district was established on 1 October 1922, when the newly created state of Thuringia was administratively divided into 15 districts and 9 district free cities.

Partnerships[edit]

Since 1990 the district has a partnership with the district Main-Kinzig in Hessen, Germany.

Geography[edit]

All of the south-western area of the district is covered by the Thuringian Forest, with the Großer Inselsberg (916 m) being the highest elevation in the west of the district. To the north there is the Fahner Höhe with many orchards. The Unstrut River forms a short part of the northern boundary of the district.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms shows Friedenstein Castle in the top, the largest Baroque building located in the city of Gotha. The wavy line below symbolizes the Leina canal, which was built 1366 to 1369 from Schönau to Gotha, to bring water into the city. The star at the bottom was the symbol of the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.

The coat of arms was granted 28 June 1991.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Verwaltungsgemeinschaft-free towns and municipalities
  1. Friedrichroda
  2. Gotha
  3. Ohrdruf
  4. Tambach-Dietharz
  5. Waltershausen
  1. Drei Gleichen
  2. Crawinkel
  3. Gräfenhain
  4. Günthersleben-Wechmar
  5. Hörsel
  6. Leinatal
  1. Luisenthal
  2. Nesse-Apfelstädt
  3. Schwabhausen
  4. Tabarz
  5. Wölfis
Verwaltungsgemeinschaften

1. Apfelstädtaue

  1. Emleben
  2. Georgenthal1
  3. Herrenhof
  4. Hohenkirchen
  5. Petriroda

2. Fahner Höhe

  1. Dachwig
  2. Döllstädt
  3. Gierstädt
  4. Großfahner
  5. Tonna1

3. Mittleres Nessetal

  1. Ballstädt
  2. Brüheim
  3. Bufleben
  4. Friedrichswerth
  5. Goldbach1
  6. Haina
  7. Hochheim
  8. Remstädt
  9. Sonneborn
  10. Wangenheim
  11. Warza
  12. Westhausen

4. Nesseaue

  1. Bienstädt
  2. Eschenbergen
  3. Friemar1
  4. Molschleben
  5. Nottleben
  6. Pferdingsleben
  7. Tröchtelborn
  8. Tüttleben
  9. Zimmernsupra
1seat of the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft;2town

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°55′N 10°45′E / 50.92°N 10.75°E / 50.92; 10.75