Greenwich Savings Bank

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Gotham Hall)
Jump to: navigation, search
Greenwich Savings Bank
(Haier Building)
Greenwich Savings Bank Building Haier Building.jpg
Sixth Avenue facade
Greenwich Savings Bank is located in New York City
Greenwich Savings Bank
Location 1352-1362 Broadway, Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates 40°45′5″N 73°59′15″W / 40.75139°N 73.98750°W / 40.75139; -73.98750Coordinates: 40°45′5″N 73°59′15″W / 40.75139°N 73.98750°W / 40.75139; -73.98750
Built 1922
Architect York & Sawyer
Architectural style Classical Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 05001286[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 16, 2005
Designated NYCL March 3, 1992

The Greenwich Savings Bank was an American savings bank based in New York City that operated from 1833 to 1981. At the time of its closure in 1981, it was the 16th largest bank in the U.S. by total deposits.[2]

History[edit]

The Greenwich Savings Bank was chartered in 1833 in New York City. At its height, it had branches in New York City, Nassau County and Suffolk County with $2.1 billion in assets.

By the time of bank deregulation in 1980, the bank started having big losses. In 1981, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and the New York State Banking Department sought buyers for the bank. In October of that year, a participant in a meeting about possible buyers left material on the meeting table. This information was given to The New York Times, which printed the story.[3]

In its final three days the bank lost $500 million in deposits out of its total of $1.5 billion due to a run on the bank. At the end of the third day the New York State Banking Department closed the bank, naming the FDIC as receiver. That same day Metropolitan Savings Bank of Brooklyn (now part of HSBC Bank USA) was named the new owner of the bank accounts.

Headquarters building[edit]

In 1922-24, the bank constructed its new headquarters at the intersection of Broadway and West 36th Street in Midtown Manhattan. The steel-reinforced limestone and sandstone building was designed by noted bank architects York and Sawyer in a Classical Revival style with monumental Corinthian columns on three sides of the building, rusticated walls and a Roman-style dome.[4]

The interior was embellished with ten-foot-tall brass foyer doors, a board room and executive office with rubbed-oak paneling and soapstone fireplaces, and an elliptical banking room with limestone Corinthian columns, granite walls, a marble floor, a bronze tellers' screen with sculptures of Minerva (symbolizing wisdom) and Mercury (representing commerce), and a coffered, domed ceiling with a 3,000-square-foot (280 m2) stained-glass skylight.[5]

Haier America purchased the building in 2000 to be its American corporate headquarters. In 2002, Haier rechristened it The Haier Building.[5]

An event management company leases several of the Haier Building's large historic rooms, which are operated as the venue Gotham Hall. The old main banking room, board room and executive office are rented out as the "Grand Ballroom", "Oak Room", and "Green Room", for corporate events, private parties such as weddings and receptions, and other functions.[6]

Both the exterior and the first floor interior of the building were designated New York City landmarks in 1992,[7] and the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2005.

In popular culture[edit]

In the 2008 remake of The Day the Earth Stood Still, the coordinates for the "Impact Location" that appears on the big screen (Lat 40.75136, Long -73.98712) falls on the The Haier Building. It is unknown if the writers intended to choose this location on purpose. The film Going in Style starring George Burns and Art Carney also used this location in the scene where they robbed a bank.

In season 21 of The Amazing Race, Gotham Hall was the finish line.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ Bennett, Robert A. (November 5, 1981). "Greenwich Acquisition Concluded". The New York Times. pp. D1. 
  3. ^ Bennett, Robert A. (October 29, 1981). "U.S. is Said to Seek Bank Merger to Save Greenwich Savings". The New York Times. pp. A1. 
  4. ^ White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot with Leadon, Fran (2010). AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195383867. , p.266
  5. ^ a b "Architecture & Heritage". Gotham Hall. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  6. ^ "Gotham Hall New York". Gotham Hall. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  7. ^ New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Postal, Matthew A. (ed. and text); Dolkart, Andrew S. (text). (2009) Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.) New York:John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1, p.94

External links[edit]