Gothenburg congestion tax
The Gothenburg congestion tax (Swedish: Trängselskatt i Göteborg), also referred to as the Gothenburg congestion charge, is a congestion pricing system implemented as a tax levied on most vehicles entering and exiting central Gothenburg, Sweden, including some main roads passing by the city. The congestion tax was introduced on January 1, 2013, with the Stockholm congestion tax as a model.
The primary purpose of the congestion tax is to reduce traffic congestion and improve the environmental situation in central Gothenburg, and to get financing for large road and rail construction projects in and around Gothenburg. The largest such project is Västlänken.
The congestion tax area encompasses essentially the entire Gothenburg City Centre, and the E6 main road passing the city. The means that cars passing the city are also taxed. To avoid making cars, that pass the city, to go other routes also congested or unsuitable for such traffic, some more places are charged with tax.
This is in opposite to Stockholm where only entrance and exit to the central city are taxed, not passing the city on the main highway. In Stockholm there is no need to tax people driving creative detours.
There are unmanned electronic control points (in Swedish: betalstation, literally payment station) at all entrances to this area. The congestion tax is applied when passing stations in both directions.
Amount of tax to pay
The amount of tax payable depends on what time of the day a motorist enters or exits the congestion tax area. There is no charge on Saturdays, Sundays, public holidays or the day before public holidays, nor during nights (18:30 – 05:59), nor during the month of July.
|Time of day||Tax|
|00:00 – 05:59||0 SEK|
|06:00 – 06:29||9 SEK|
|06:30 – 06:59||16 SEK|
|07:00 – 07:59||22 SEK|
|08:00 – 08:29||16 SEK|
|08:30 – 14:59||9 SEK|
|15:00 – 15:29||16 SEK|
|15:30 – 16:59||22 SEK|
|17:00 – 17:59||16 SEK|
|18:00 – 18:29||9 SEK|
|18:30 – 23:59||0 SEK|
If a vehicle passes two stations within one hour, only the higher tax is paid, as a vehicle simply passing through the city must necessarily pass multiple payment stations.
Some vehicles are exempt from tax, notably environmentally friendly vehicles (mainly electric or natural gas or ethanol fuelled).
Foreign registered vehicles were exempt until 2014 mainly for practical reasons, hard to get access to foreign car registers, and to claim payment from foreigners. But they are included now because of objections from companies about unfair taxation, and because the "Eurovignette" EU directive (1999/62/EC article 7 and 2006/38/EC) requires that user charges may not discriminate on the grounds of the nationality of the haulier or the origin of the vehicle. The authority has contracted a collection agency, ParkTrade, which in turn has contracted collection agencies in the most common countries that charge the owners, using the brand name EPASS24.
- Gothenburg quadricentennial jubilee
- Road pricing
- Congestion pricing
- Electronic toll collection
- Stockholm congestion tax