Gotland Municipality

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Gotland Municipality
Gotlands kommun
Municipality
Coat of arms of Gotland Municipality
Coat of arms
Gotland kommun.png
Coordinates: 57°38′N 18°17′E / 57.633°N 18.283°E / 57.633; 18.283Coordinates: 57°38′N 18°17′E / 57.633°N 18.283°E / 57.633; 18.283
Country Sweden
County Gotland County
Seat Visby
Area[1]
 • Total 15,241.07 km2 (5,884.61 sq mi)
 • Land 3,134.05 km2 (1,210.06 sq mi)
 • Water 12,107.02 km2 (4,674.55 sq mi)
  Area as of January 1, 2014.
Population (December 31, 2013)[2]
 • Total 57,161
 • Density 3.8/km2 (9.7/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code SE
Province Gotland
Municipal code 0980
Website www.gotland.se

Gotland Municipality (Gotlands kommun) is a municipality that covers the entire island of Gotland in Sweden. The city of Visby is the municipality's seat.

History[edit]

On December 31, 1951 there were 93 local government units on the island of Gotland, among them one city (Visby), one market town (Slite), one county council and a lot of rural municipalities, many of them with less than 100 inhabitants.

Twenty years later the situation was totally different.

The first of the two nation-wide local government reforms in Sweden during the 20th century was implemented on January 1, 1952. From that date on, the rural municipalities on the island were regrouped into twelve new enlarged municipalities, which together with Visby, Slite and the Gotland County Council formed the new administrative pattern.

After ten years it was clear that this reform had not been radical enough and the work began preparing for the next one.

On January 1, 1971 the second and last local government reform was implemented in Sweden. All administrative and judicial differences between rural and urban areas were abolished. Only one type of municipality (kommun) existed from that date on. In the case of Gotland all the former entities were united into one single unit. As there was only one municipality in the county, also the County Council was abolished and merged into the new unitary municipality.

Localities[edit]

There are 16 urban areas (also called a Tätort or locality) in Gotland Municipality.

In the table the localities are listed according to the size of the population. The municipal seat is in bold characters.

# Locality Population in 2005 Population in 2012[3]
1 Visby 22,236 23,576
2 Hemse 1,836 1,734
3 Slite 1,598 1,500
4 Klintehamn 1,407 1,350
5 Vibble 1,135 1,300
6 Romakloster 905 949
7 Fårösund 862 800
8 Lärbro 521 500
9 Burgsvik 347 350
10 Stånga 342 300
11 Havdhem 318 300
12 Västerhejde 302 n a[4]
13 Tingstäde 278 n a[4]
14 Väskinde 275 250
15 Roma kyrkby 253 n a[4]
16 När 209 n a[4]

Politics[edit]

Election results:

Party Seats in the
2002 election
Seats in the
2006 election
Seats in the
2010 election
Seats in the
2014 election
Swedish Social Democratic Party 28 24 24 21
Centre Party 13 17 15 14
Moderate Party 11 14 15 13
Left Party 8 7 6 7
Liberal People's Party 4 4 4 4
Green Party 4 4 7 8
Christian Democrats 3 1 0 0
Sweden Democrats 0 0 0 3
Feminist Initiative 0 0 0 1
Total 71 71 71 71

Region[edit]

When Gotland was made into a single municipality in the 1970s, the county council was abolished and its responsibilities transferred to the municipality, making it a unitary authority. During a trial period some of the authority normally held by the Gotland County Administrative Board, an agency of the national government, has also been devolved to the Gotland Municipality, as well as to two mainland councils. The municipality of Gotland is there for in this respect also a region. It has responsibility for the public healthcare system and public transport.

Events organised by the municipality[edit]

The municipality coordinates the annual Almedalen Week (Almedalsveckan), an important meetingplace for everyone involved in Swedish politics. During the week, representatives from the political parties in the Riksdag take turns to hold speeches in the Almedalen park in Visby.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (Microsoft Excel) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  2. ^ "SCB, Befolkningsstatistik 31 December 2013" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Gotland i siffror, pdf". www.gotland.se. Region Gotland. pp. 65–67. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d Some numbers are not available for 2012, since the population was listed as inhabitants in each socken. Only a few localities were mentioned, and these only as approximations.

External links[edit]