Gotland County

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Gotland
Gotlands län
County of Sweden
Coat of arms of Gotland
Coat of arms
Official logo of Gotland
 
Country Sweden
Founded 1658
Capital Visby
Government
 • Governor Cecilia Schelin Seidegård
 • Council Gotland Municipality
Area
 • Total 3,151.4 km2 (1,216.8 sq mi)
Population (March 31, 2011)[1]
 • Total 57,203
 • Density 18/km2 (47/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code SE-I
GDP/ Nominal SEK 12,154 million (2004)
GDP per capita SEK 212,000
NUTS Region SE214
Website www.i.lst.se

Gotland County (Gotlands län) is a county or län of Sweden. Gotland is located in the Baltic Sea to the east of Öland, and is the largest of Sweden's islands. Counties are usually sub-divided into municipalities, but Gotland County only consists of one municipality: Gotland Municipality. Gotland County at present is unique in Sweden as there is no county council. The municipality handles the tasks that otherwise is handled by the county council, mainly health care and public transport. However, for Gotland County, there is a County Administrative Board which is a national authority. Both the County Administrative Board and the municipality have their seat in the largest city Visby, with 22,000 inhabitants.

Province[edit]

Sweden's counties are mainly administrative units, used for inhabitant figures, politics, etc. For the culture and history of the island, see article Gotland. In this case the province, the county and the municipality all have identical borders and cover an area of 3151 km² [2] (3151 km² when excluding the lakes and rivers).

Administration[edit]

The main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfil the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests and promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case. The County Administrative Board is a Government agency headed by a Governor. See List of Gotland Governors.

Gotland is the only Swedish county that does not have a county council, as well as having only one municipality and one telephony area code.

Politics[edit]

Main article: Gotland Municipality

The County of Gotland consists of a single municipality and as there is no separate entity for a County Council, those tasks are handled by the municipality. During a trial period the County Council provisions for Gotland has been evolved to provisions for a Regional Council, meaning that it has assumed certain tasks from the County Administrative Board. Similar provisions are applicable to the counties of Västra Götaland and Skåne during the trial period.

Governors[edit]

Heraldry[edit]

Gotland County inherited its coat of arms from the province of Gotland. When it is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kvartal 1 2011". Statistics Sweden. 
  2. ^ Statistisk årsbok för Sverige 2009

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 57°29′57″N 18°30′34″E / 57.499167°N 18.509444°E / 57.499167; 18.509444