Gotland County

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Gotland
Gotlands län
County of Sweden
Coat of arms of Gotland
Coat of arms
Official logo of Gotland
 
Country Sweden
Founded 1658
Capital Visby
Government
 • Governor Cecilia Schelin Seidegård
 • Municipality Gotland Municipality
Area
 • Total 3,151.4 km2 (1,216.8 sq mi)
Population (March 31, 2011)[1]
 • Total 57,203
 • Density 18/km2 (47/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code SE-I
GDP/ Nominal SEK 12,154 million (2004)
GDP per capita SEK 212,000
NUTS Region SE214
Website www.i.lst.se

Gotland County (Gotlands län) is a county or län of Sweden. Gotland is located in the Baltic Sea to the east of Öland, and is the largest of Sweden's islands. Counties are usually sub-divided into municipalities, but Gotland County only consists of one municipality: Gotland Municipality. Gotland County is the only county in Sweden that is not governed by a county council. The municipality handles the tasks that are otherwise handled by the county council, mainly health care and public transport. Like other counties, Gotland has a County Administrative Board that oversees implementation of the Swedish state government. Both the County Administrative Board and the municipality have their seat in the largest city Visby, with over 22,000 inhabitants.

Province[edit]

The counties of Sweden are no longer officially administrative units, but are used when reporting population size, politics, etc. In this case the province, the county and the municipality all have identical borders and cover an area of 3151 km² [2] (3151 km² when excluding the lakes and rivers).

Administration[edit]

Gotland is the only Swedish county that is not administered by a county council. Instead, the municipality is tasked with the responsibilities of a county, including public health care and public transport.

The main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfil the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests and promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case. The County Administrative Board is a Government agency headed by a Governor. See List of Gotland Governors.

Politics[edit]

Main article: Gotland Municipality

During a trial period the County Council provisions for Gotland has been evolved to provisions for a Regional Council, meaning that it has assumed certain tasks from the County Administrative Board. Similar provisions are applicable to the counties of Västra Götaland and Skåne during the trial period.

Governors[edit]

Localities in order of size[edit]

The five most populous localities of Gotland County in 2010:[3]

# Locality Population
1 Visby 22,593
2 Hemse 1,715
3 Slite 1,483
4 Klintehamn 1,363
5 Vibble 1,286

Heraldry[edit]

Gotland County inherited its coat of arms from the province of Gotland. When it is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kvartal 1 2011". Statistics Sweden. 
  2. ^ Statistisk årsbok för Sverige 2009
  3. ^ "Tätorter 2010 (Localities 2010)". Statistics Sweden (in Swedish). 2010. Retrieved 9 February 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 57°29′57″N 18°30′34″E / 57.499167°N 18.509444°E / 57.499167; 18.509444