Gott, man lobet dich in der Stille, BWV 120

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Gott, man lobet dich in der Stille
BWV 120
Sacred cantata by J. S. Bach
Leipzig Nikolaikirche BW 2012-09-10 18-11-46 cropped.jpg
Nikolaikirche, where the inauguration of a new Leipzig town council was annually performed
Related
Occasion Ratswechsel
Performed 1728 (1728)? – Leipzig
Movements 6
Cantata text anonymous
Chorale by Martin Luther
Vocal SATB choir and solo
Instrumental

Gott, man lobet dich in der Stille (God, You are praised in the stillness),[1] BWV 120, is a sacred cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. He composed it in Leipzig for the occasion of Ratswechsel, the inauguration of a new town council in a church service, probably in 1742. Parts of the cantata appeared in a wedding cantata (BWV 120a) and a cantata (BWV 120b) commemorating the Augsburg Confession in 1730. Bach reworked the choral second movement for the Symbolum Nicenum of his Mass in B minor.

History[edit]

Bach composed the cantata in Leipzig for the inauguration of the newly elected town council, which took place in a festive service at the Nikolaikirche on the Monday following St. Bartholomew's Day (24 August).[2] A first performance in 1728 or 1729 was regarded as likely, but more recent sources such as Klaus Hofmann date it to 1742.[3] The autographed score of that performance is preserved, with the heading "J. J. Concerto à 4 Voci. due Hautb. due Violini, Viola, 3 Trombe, Tamburi è | Continuo".[4] Parts of the cantata appear in the wedding cantata Herr Gott, Beherrscher aller Dinge, BWV 120a and a cantata Gott, man lobet dich in der Stille, BWV 120b for the 200th anniversary of the Augsburg Confession in 1730. The latter work's music is lost, only parts of the former cantata are extant.

Bach reworked the first part of the second movement Jauchzet, ihr erfreuten Stimmen for the Et expecto resurrectionem mortuorum in the Symbolum Nicenum (Credo) of his Mass in B minor.[5]

Scoring, text and structure[edit]

The instrumentation reflects the festive occasion for which it was written: four soloists, soprano, alto, tenor and basso, a four-part choir, three trumpets, timpani, two oboes d'amore, two violins, viola, and basso continuo.[2]

The cantata is in six movements:

  1. Alto solo: Gott, man lobet dich in der Stille
  2. Chorus: Jauchzet, ihr erfreuten Stimmen
  3. Recitative (bass): Auf, du geliebte Lindenstadt
  4. Aria (soprano): Heil und Segen
  5. Recitative (tenor): Nun, Herr, so weihe selbst das Regiment
  6. Chorale: Nun hilf uns, Herr, den Dienern dein

The first movement is based on Psalm 65:2. It is unusual for Bach to open a festive cantata with a solo voice, but the words "aus der Stille" (out of silence)[1] may have prompted him to write it for alto and two oboe d'amore. The first part of the jubilant second movement, a chorus dominated by the full orchestra, was adapted for the Mass in B minor. The soprano aria with solo violin is probably based on an earlier work from Bach's time in Köthen that served as a model also for a movement of a violin sonata BWV 1019a. The tenor recitative is accompanied by strings to underline its character as a prayer for justice and future blessings. The words for the final chorale are taken from the German Te Deum "Herr Gott, dich loben wir" by Martin Luther.[2]

Recordings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dellal, Pamela. "BWV 120 – "Gott, man lobet dich in der Stille"". Emmanuel Music. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Dürr, Alfred (1981). Die Kantaten von Johann Sebastian Bach (in German) 1 (4 ed.). Deutscher Taschenbuchverlag. pp. 593–595. ISBN 3-423-04080-7. 
  3. ^ Hofmann, Klaus (2012). "Herr Gott, Beherrscher aller Dinge / Lord God, ruler of all things, BWV 120a" (PDF). bach-cantatas.com. pp. 8–9. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "Cantata BWV 120 Provenance". bach-cantatas.com. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  5. ^ Wolff, Christoph (2003). "The Cantatas of the Picander cycle and of the early 1730s" (PDF). bach-cantatas.com. pp. 22, 26. Retrieved 11 September 2012. 

Sources[edit]