Gottfrid Svartholm

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Gottfrid Svartholm
Gottfrid portrait.jpg
Born Per Gottfrid Svartholm Warg
(1984-10-17) 17 October 1984 (age 30)
Other names anakata
Known for Co-founding The Pirate Bay

Per Gottfrid Svartholm Warg (born 17 October 1984), alias anakata, is a Swedish computer specialist, known as the former co-owner of the web hosting company PRQ and co-founder of the BitTorrent site The Pirate Bay together with Fredrik Neij and Peter Sunde.

Parts of an interview with Svartholm commenting on the May 2006 police raid of The Pirate Bay are featured in Good Copy Bad Copy and Steal This Film. He is a main focus of the documentary TPB AFK.

In May 2013, WikiLeaks identified Svartholm Warg as a volunteer collaborator in the 2010 release of Collateral Murder, the helicopter cockpit gunsight video of a July 2007 airstrike by U.S. forces in Baghdad.[1]

On 27 November 2013 he was extradited to Denmark, where he was charged with infiltrating the Danish social security database, driver’s licence database, and the shared IT system used in the Schengen zone. Awaiting his court trial, he was being held in solitary confinement .[2] The court trial ended on October 31, 2014 and he was found guilty by the jury and sentenced to three and a half years in prison. He immediately appealed the sentence, but, fearing that he may try to evade his sentence, the judges ruled that he should be held in confinement until the appeal court trial.[3]

The Pirate Bay[edit]

Svartholm Warg co-founded The Pirate Bay. He also created the tracker software Hypercube (open source software under no specific license)[4] which was used to run The Pirate Bay web site and tracker.

Legal issues[edit]

On 31 January 2008, The Pirate Bay operators — Peter Sunde, Fredrik Neij, Gottfrid Svartholm and Carl Lundström (CEO of The Pirate Bay's former ISP) — were charged with "promoting other people’s infringements of copyright laws".[5] The trial began on 16 February 2009. On 17 April 2009, Sunde and his co-defendants were found to be guilty of "assisting in making copyright content available" in the Stockholm district court (tingsrätten). Each defendant was sentenced to one year in prison and they were ordered to pay damages of 30 million SEK (approximately 3,390,317 or US$4,222,980), to be apportioned among the four defendants.[6] The defendants lawyers have appealed to the Svea Court of Appeal together with a request for a retrial in the district court because of the recent suspicion of bias by judge Tomas Norström.[7] Under Swedish law, the verdict is not lawful until all appeals have been processed.[8]

In April 2009, Svartholm was the subject of an investigation by Swedish prosecutors looking into his role in The Student Bay, a file sharing site specializing in academic texts. Svartholm claimed he had no knowledge of the site. The site was reported by the Swedish Association for Educational Writers in December 2008 claiming it violated copyright law.[9]

In October 2009, Stockholm District Court ordered that Svartholm be banned from operating the Pirate Bay, despite the facts that he was no longer living in Sweden, and the Pirate Bay was no longer located there.[10]

In October 2011, a Swedish court ordered that Svartholm be jailed for not attending a court appearance.[citation needed]

Arrest in Cambodia[edit]

On 30 August 2012, at the request of Swedish authorities, Svartholm was arrested by Cambodian police in the capital Phnom Penh,[11] where he had been living for several years.[12] Cambodia has no extradition treaty with Sweden, but Cambodian police spokesman Kirth Chantharith told the AFP news agency "we'll look into our laws and see how we can handle this case". Subsequently, Cambodian police were reported stating that the Swedish government had requested that Gottfrid be deported in connection with "a crime related to information technology".[13]

Torrentfreak speculated[14] that Svartholm's arrest may have been connected to a 400 million kronor (at the time, approximately US$59M) two-year "democratic development, human rights, education, and climate change" grant from the Swedish government to the Cambodian government. The grant was announced on 5 September 2012.[15]

Gottfrid has since been deported back to Sweden where he served his jail term in the Mariefred prison in Mariefred.[16] He has also been investigated for two alleged instances of hacking, including breaking into the Swedish tax office between 2010 and April 2012,[17] and is also suspected of serious fraud. As of January 2013, no charges had been filed for these matters yet.[18]

As of early June 2013 Warg was named as a suspect in a Danish case, where millions of personal identification numbers were stolen from a police database. Danish police have asked that Warg be extradited from Sweden, so that he can be tried in Denmark.[19] It was later confirmed that Svartholm would be extradited to Denmark, to undergo a similar trial to Sweden, the timing of which is dependent on the outcome in Sweden.[20] On 20 June 2013, Gottfrid was found guilty of hacking and sentenced to two years in prison.[21] This two year prison sentence was eventually reduced to one year by appeal.[22] In November 2013, Gottfrid was deported to Denmark and on 31 October 2014 was subsequently sentenced to three and a half years in prison for breaking into computers owned by CSC.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Prosecution and prison documents for Pirate-Bay founder Gottfrid Svartholm Warg (alias Anakata)". WikiLeaks.org. 19 May 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Pirate Bay co-founder appears in Danish court". RT. 18 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Dom i hackersag: Tre et halvt års fængsel til svenske Warg – danske JT får sin pc med hjem". Version2. 31 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Hypercube Tracker by Anakata". ThePirateBay.org. 
  5. ^ "Pirate Bay Future Uncertain After Operators Busted". Wired.com. 31 January 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "The Pirate Bay Trial: Official Verdict – Guilty". TorrentFreak. 17 April 2009. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  7. ^ "Pirate Bay lawyer calls for retrial". The Local (Sweden). 23 April 2009. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  8. ^ Sullivan, Tom (17 April 2009). "‘Pirate Bay’ founders convicted by Swedish court". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  9. ^ "Pirate Bay operator faces new probe". The Local (Sweden). 20 April 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2012. 
  10. ^ "Pirate Bay Founders Banned From Running The Site". TorrentFreak. 29 October 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2012. 
  11. ^ "Pirate Bay co-founder Warg arrested in Cambodia". BBC News. 2 September 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  12. ^ "Pirate Bay Founder Arrested in Cambodia". TorrentFreak. 1 September 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2012. 
  13. ^ "Pirate Bay Founder will be deported Cambodian authorities confirm". 4 August 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  14. ^ "Pirate Bay Founder Arrest Followed By $59m Swedish Aid Package For Cambodia". TorrentFreak. 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  15. ^ "Sweden grants 59.4 mln USD aid to Cambodia for social development - Xinhua | English.news.cn". News.xinhuanet.com. 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  16. ^ "Snapshot of TPB". grez868. 24 December 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2012. 
  17. ^ "Svartholm Warg to be charged within a month". 28 January 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  18. ^ "Pirate Bay founder released from solitary confinement". TorrentFreak. 9 December 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  19. ^ Karina Svensgaard (bt-ksv). "Så mange data stjal hackere: Derfor får du ikke noget at vide - Krimi". www.bt.dk. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  20. ^ Ernesto (18 June 2013). "Pirate Bay Founder Will be Extradited to Denmark". TorrentFreak. 
  21. ^ Pirate Bay Founder Guilty of Hacking, Sentenced to Two Years in Prison
  22. ^ a b "Pirate Bay founder Gottfrid Warg gets lengthy jail term". BBC News. 30 October 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014.