Gottfried August Homilius
Born in Rosenthal, Saxony, the son of a Lutheran pastor, Homilius first studied at the Annenschule in Dresden. He later studied music in Leipzig under none other than Johann Sebastian Bach. From 1742 he was back in Dresden as organist at the Frauenkirche, from 1755 to its destruction in 1760 cantor at the Kreuzkirche in Dresden (it was not rebuilt in his lifetime) and from 1755 until his death thirty years later music director of the three main churches of Dresden, but working mainly at the Frauenkirche.
Homilius predominantly composed church music: more than 10 passions (one printed in 1775; his St. Matthew Passion, particularly outstanding in the preclassical style of C.P.E. Bach and an extremely worthy successor of J.S. Bach's best-known work of the same name, has been recorded on CD), an oratorio for Christmas (1777) and one for Easter, over 60 motets, more than 150 cantatas (six arias from these appeared in 1786), chorales, preludes, and choral works. His students included eminent composer Daniel Gottlob Türk. His vocal compositions enjoyed great popularity through the 19th century, as witnessed by the large number of copies still extant. A complete worklist and edition is in preparation at Carus Verlag; the Homilius-Werkverzeichnis numbers (HoWV) follow the dissertation of Karl Feld and the new edition of Uwe Wolf.
Passions and oratorios
- HoWV 1.2 Passionskantate "Ein Lämmlein geht und trägt die Schuld"/"Siehe das ist Gottes Lamm..."/Mit väterlicher Stimme"
- HoWV 1.3 Matthäuspassion "Ein Lämmlein geht und trägt die Schuld"/"Und es begab sich"/"Erfüllt mit göttlich ernsten Freuden"
- HoWV 1.4 Johannespassion "Der Fromme stirbt"
- HoWV 1.5 Lukaspassion "Du starker Keltertreter"
- HoWV 1.10 Markuspassion
- Weihnachtsoratorium. "Die Freude der Hirten"
- Dennis Shrock Choral Repertoire 2009 -- Page 303 "1714–1785 Homilius was born near Dresden, where he was educated and where he served as substitute organist at the ..."
- "Homilius, Gottfried August," in The Harvard Biographical Dictionary of Music, ed. Don Michael Randel. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1996. p. 392 .
- Hans John, "Homilius, Gottfried August," Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed 13 December 2006) (subscription access)
- Free scores by Gottfried August Homilius in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
- Free scores by Gottfried August Homilius at the International Music Score Library Project
- This article incorporates information from the revision as of September 24, 2005 of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.