Goucher College

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Goucher College
Goucher College Seal
Motto Gratia et Veritas
Motto in English Grace and Truth
Established 1885
Type Private
Endowment $149.4 million[1]
President José Antonio Bowen
Academic staff 146
Undergraduates 1,475
Postgraduates 900
Location Towson, Maryland, United States
Campus Suburban 287 acre (1.2 km²)
Athletics 17 varsity teams
Colors Blue and Gold            
Mascot Gopher
Website www.goucher.edu
Goucher College
HaeblerMemorialChapel.jpg
Haebler Memorial Chapel, a non-denominational chapel in the heart of Goucher College
Location 1021 Dulaney Valley Road, Towson, Maryland
Area 287 acres (116 ha)
Built 1921
Architect Moore & Hutchins; Sasaki, Hideo, et al.
Architectural style Modern Movement
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 07000885[2]
Added to NRHP August 28, 2007

Goucher College is a private, co-educational, liberal arts college in the northern Baltimore suburb of Towson in unincorporated Baltimore County, Maryland, on a 287 acre (1.2 km²) campus. The school has approximately 1,475 undergraduate students studying in 33 majors and six interdisciplinary programs and approximately 900 students studying in graduate programs. It is the only college in the United States that requires a study abroad experience.

History[edit]

In 1881, the Baltimore Conference of Methodist Episcopal Church passed a resolution to found a conference seminary. This momentum went largely unquestioned with the first recorded objection being in 1884, when Bishop Andrews stated, "I would not give a fig for a weakling little thing of a seminary. We want such a school, so ample in its provisions, of such dignity in its buildings, so fully provided with the best apparatus, that it shall draw to itself the eyes of the community and that young people shall feel it an honor to be enrolled among its students." Methodist ministers John Franklin Goucher, (1845-1922), and John B. Van Meter fought hard in favor of founding a college rather than a seminary, eventually winning unanimous agreement at a later conference.[3] The college succeeded an earlier ground-breaking institution known as the Baltimore Female College, located originally on St. Paul Street near East Saratoga Street (present site of Preston Gardens) from 1849, and later relocated to Park Avenue and Park Place near Wilson Street in Bolton Hill. It had been sponsored by the local Methodist Episcopal Church also, however, under the leadership of noted classics scholar, Nathan C. Brooks, (1809-1898). He was the first principal of the state and city's first public high school (the third oldest in America), founded 1839, now known as The Baltimore City College. It closed in the late 1880s. The new Methodist-sponsored college for women was founded as the "Women's College of Baltimore City" on January 26, 1885. Although students of all religious backgrounds were accepted, as founders, the national denomination (the Methodist Episcopal Church and its Baltimore Annual Conference), had a large impact on the college and its campus.[4]

The school was renamed in 1910 to "Goucher College" in honor of its founding member, John Goucher, his wife, Mary Fisher Goucher, and benefactors.[5] It was one of only six "Class I" colleges for women in the U.S.[6]

The original campus was on St. Paul Street at Twenty-third Street of the neighborhood of north Baltimore, then known as Peabody Heights since the 1870s in the southern part of what is now the Charles Village neighborhood (renamed in 1967) in the city of Baltimore. Goucher moved to its present suburban location northeast of the county seat of Towson in Baltimore County in 1953. The college has been co-educational since 1986. Its former city home campus, is now known as the "Old Goucher College Historic District", then name used when the complex was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.[2] It is adjacent to the old First Methodist Episcopal Church of 1884 at St. Paul Street and Twenty-second Street, constructed as the Centennial Monument of the foundation of American Methodism - later renamed to its original founding colonial title of Lovely Lane.

Campus[edit]

The Goucher College campus is proximate to downtown Towson, although the 287-acre (1.16 km2) campus is separated from it by the surrounding woods that are owned by the school. The academic buildings generally are located at the northern portion of campus, and the residential buildings are located to the south. Most buildings are clad in tan-colored stone called Butler Stone. As a part of a recent expansion plan, a new residence hall, Welsh (a.k.a. The "T"), was built in 2005. The Athenaeum, a 100,000-square-foot (9,300 m2) multipurpose facility featuring an expansive modern library, was constructed in 2009. The grounds contain low hills and include hiking and riding trails through the woods.Newsweek magazine described the campus as "unusually bucolic".[7]

In a marked shift away from traditional collegiate layout that is characterized by symmetry and quadrangles, the architectural design firm, Moore and Hutchins, elected to group buildings together into informal zones based on function and as they took a departure from the Romanesque design of the previous campus. The notion that the design of individual buildings was less important than their interrelationships, was considered progressive at the time. Consequently, over the years, the architecture and development of the campus has won many awards,[4] and in 2007 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places.[8]

Eventually, two hundred deer roamed the wooded campus surrounded by a fence and without natural predators. In 2007, a biologist for the Maryland Department of Natural Resources estimated that the 287-acre (1.16 km2) woods only could provide a sustainable environment for forty deer, establishing a need for environmental stewardship of the campus. Goucher's response that winter was to hire bowmen to thin the population by about fifty deer and success of this approach has resulted in a yearly culling of the population. Reasons cited are to maintain the health of the remaining deer and other animals, reduce the risk of car crashes, protect landscaping, and prevent the spread of Lyme disease. The meat of the culled deer has been donated to local homeless shelters. Some students and community members, however, have objections to the population reduction.[9]

Academics[edit]

Undergraduate level[edit]

There are special introductory courses for freshmen to orient them to the campus, as well as college life at Goucher.

In fall 2006, the college launched an education curriculum that outlines requirements that reflect the core values that underpin a liberal-arts education. These include: an international experience; proficiency in English composition and in a foreign language; and solid foundations in history, abstract reasoning, scientific discovery and experimentation, problem-solving, social structures, and environmental sustainability.

Undergraduate students are required to fulfill an off-campus learning requirement, either through an internship or a study-abroad experience for graduation. A popular choice among many Goucher students is to participate in a "three-week intensive" course abroad made up of an on-campus classroom component, followed by three weeks abroad during the winter or spring. Goucher also allows students to participate in semester and yearlong study-abroad programs offered by other schools.

Goucher recently announced that starting with the class of 2010, all students will be required to have at least one study-abroad experience for graduation, thus making it the first college in the United States to require such an experience of its students. Goucher also is well known for its creative writing, dance, and pre-med departments.

Graduate level[edit]

Goucher has a small but vibrant graduate program that is run by the Welch Center for Graduate and Professional Studies. The following graduate programs are offered at the college:

  • Master of Arts in Arts Administration
  • Master of Arts in Cultural Sustainability
  • Master of Arts in Digital Arts
  • Master of Arts in Historic Preservation
  • Master of Arts in Management
  • Master of Arts in Teaching
  • Master of Education
  • Master of Fine Arts in Digital Arts
  • Master of Fine Arts in Creative Nonfiction

Certificate and continuing education programs[edit]

  • Post-Baccalaureate Premed Program (having a 96% acceptance rate to medical school over its entire history)
  • Teacher's Institute
  • Educational Technology Certificate

Other programs on campus[edit]

Goucher has served as a campus for the Johns Hopkins University Center for Talented Youth summer program for gifted students.

Extracurricular activities[edit]

Goucher offers many student-run clubs in different areas such as the Chem Club (the oldest continuously-operating club on campus), Hillel activities, and a student-labor action committee. It has a bi-weekly school newspaper called The Quindecim, and a literary arts journal called Preface.

Also notable is Goucher Student Radio, which contains a host of student, staff, and faculty programming and expands each year. It is accessible through Goucher's website as streaming media. Students from the college also are credited with founding Humans vs. Zombies, a game similar to tag that, generally, is played on college campuses.

Athletics[edit]

Goucher athletic teams are known as the Gophers. The college competes in NCAA Division III, fielding men's and women's teams in lacrosse, soccer, basketball, track and field, cross country, swimming, and tennis, as well as women's teams in field hockey and volleyball, as well as coed equestrian sports (Intercollegiate Horse Show Association Zone IV Region I/American National Riding Commission). In 2007 the college joined the Landmark Conference after competing as a member of the Capital Athletic Conference from 1991 to 2007.

Notable alumni[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Goucher has one of the highest percentages of Jewish students in the country with 30% identifying as Jewish.[12] Women predominate as students on the undergraduate level at 65%. About 11.5% of the undergraduate population are either African-American, Asian, Hispanic, or Native-American. At the graduate level, the number is about 8.5%.

Administration and faculty[edit]

Rankings[edit]

In 2009, U.S. News and World Report ranked Goucher college #105 in its annual rankings of national liberal arts colleges. The ranking of the college has fluctuated from #93 to #111 in recent years.

Notable faculty[edit]

Its most well-known faculty members include Jean H. Baker and Julie Roy Jeffrey of the history department; President Sanford J. Ungar; and authors Madison Smartt Bell and Elizabeth Spires, who oversee the college's Kratz Center for Creative Writing. Goucher is one of forty institutions profiled in the book Colleges That Change Lives by Loren Pope.

Presidents of Goucher College[edit]

Contrary to popular belief, John Goucher was not the first president of Goucher College. He and his wife were among its founders. Although offered the post as the first president of the college that later would be renamed from the Women's College of Baltimore City to Goucher College, he refused the honor as he wished to continue as the pastor of First Methodist Episcopal Church of Baltimore (Lovely Lane Church) and continue his deep involvement in Methodist mission work around the world.

When William Hersey Hopkins resigned as the first president to join the faculty, the board of trustees nominated Goucher for the role and voted, without giving him an option to decline the nomination. With a unanimous vote from the board, Goucher felt obligated to serve the college as its second president.

Following his retirement in 1908, his successor, Eugene Noble, successfully led the movement to rename the college in honor of Mary Fisher and John Goucher in recognition of their involvement in the founding of the college, amazing financial support, and John's role as president for eighteen years. The change was made in 1910.

Dorothy Stimson, the dean of the college, served as acting president from January to June 1930. She was the first woman to lead the college.

The board then named David Robertson as the permanent president of the college and he led the college through the difficult years of the Great Depression and World War II and he oversaw the beginning of college's move from the city of Baltimore to its current location in Baltimore County.

Rhoda Dorsey is notable for many firsts: the first woman to be selected as a permanent president of Goucher College, the first acting president to be elected president, and the first faculty member of the college to be chosen as the permanent president. She also is notable for serving the longest period as Goucher's president, twenty years.

A chronological list of presidents is:

William Hersey Hopkins 1886–1890
John Franklin Goucher 1890–1908
Eugene Allen Nobel 1908–1911
John Blackford Van Meter 1911–1913 (Acting President)
William Westley Guth 1913–1929
Hans Froelicher May 1929–January 1930 (Acting President)
Dorothy Stimson January–June 1930 (Acting President)
David Allan Robertson 1930–1948
Otto Krausharr 1948–1967
Marvin Banks Perry, Jr. 1967–1973
Rhoda Mary Dorsey 1973–1974 (Acting President)
Rhoda Mary Dorsey 1974–1994
Judy Jolley Mohraz 1994–2000
Robert S. Welch 2000–2001 (Acting President)
Sanford J. Ungar 2001–2014[13]
José A. Bowen 2014–

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°24′31″N 76°35′33″W / 39.40848°N 76.59239°W / 39.40848; -76.59239