|Motto||Gratia et Veritas|
Motto in English
|Grace and Truth|
|President||José Antonio Bowen|
|Location||Towson, Maryland, United States|
|Campus||Suburban 287 acre (1.2 km²)|
|Athletics||17 varsity teams|
|Colors||Blue and Gold|
Haebler Memorial Chapel, a non-denominational chapel in the heart of Goucher College
|Location||1021 Dulaney Valley Road, Towson, Maryland|
|Area||287 acres (116 ha)|
|Architect||Moore & Hutchins; Sasaki, Hideo, et al.|
|Architectural style||Modern Movement|
|NRHP Reference #||07000885|
|Added to NRHP||August 28, 2007|
Goucher College is a private, co-educational, liberal arts college in the northern Baltimore suburb of Towson in unincorporated Baltimore County, Maryland, on a 287 acre (1.2 km²) campus. The school has approximately 1,475 undergraduate students studying in 33 majors and six interdisciplinary programs and approximately 900 students studying in graduate programs. It is the only college in the United States that requires a study abroad experience.
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 3 Academics
- 4 Extracurricular activities
- 5 Athletics
- 6 Notable alumni
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Administration and faculty
- 9 References
- 10 External links
In 1881, the Baltimore Conference of Methodist Episcopal Church passed a resolution to found a conference seminary. This momentum went largely unquestioned with the first recorded objection being in 1884, when Bishop Andrews stated, "I would not give a fig for a weakling little thing of a seminary. We want such a school, so ample in its provisions, of such dignity in its buildings, so fully provided with the best apparatus, that it shall draw to itself the eyes of the community and that young people shall feel it an honor to be enrolled among its students." Methodist ministers John Franklin Goucher, (1845-1922), and John B. Van Meter fought hard in favor of founding a college rather than a seminary, eventually winning unanimous agreement at a later conference. The college succeeded an earlier ground-breaking institution known as the Baltimore Female College, located originally on St. Paul Street near East Saratoga Street (present site of Preston Gardens) from 1849, and later relocated to Park Avenue and Park Place near Wilson Street in Bolton Hill. It had been sponsored by the local Methodist Episcopal Church also, however, under the leadership of noted classics scholar, Nathan C. Brooks, (1809-1898). He was the first principal of the state and city's first public high school (the third oldest in America), founded 1839, now known as The Baltimore City College. It closed in the late 1880s. The new Methodist-sponsored college for women was founded as the "Women's College of Baltimore City" on January 26, 1885. Although students of all religious backgrounds were accepted, as founders, the national denomination (the Methodist Episcopal Church and its Baltimore Annual Conference), had a large impact on the college and its campus.
The school was renamed in 1910 to "Goucher College" in honor of its founding member, John Goucher, his wife, Mary Fisher Goucher, and benefactors. It was one of only six "Class I" colleges for women in the U.S.
The original campus was on St. Paul Street at Twenty-third Street of the neighborhood of north Baltimore, then known as Peabody Heights since the 1870s in the southern part of what is now the Charles Village neighborhood (renamed in 1967) in the city of Baltimore. Goucher moved to its present suburban location northeast of the county seat of Towson in Baltimore County in 1953. The college has been co-educational since 1986. Its former city home campus, is now known as the "Old Goucher College Historic District", then name used when the complex was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. It is adjacent to the old First Methodist Episcopal Church of 1884 at St. Paul Street and Twenty-second Street, constructed as the Centennial Monument of the foundation of American Methodism - later renamed to its original founding colonial title of Lovely Lane.
The Goucher College campus is proximate to downtown Towson, although the 287-acre (1.16 km2) campus is separated from it by the surrounding woods that are owned by the school. The academic buildings generally are located at the northern portion of campus, and the residential buildings are located to the south. Most buildings are clad in tan-colored stone called Butler Stone. As a part of a recent expansion plan, a new residence hall, Welsh (a.k.a. The "T"), was built in 2005. The Athenaeum, a 100,000-square-foot (9,300 m2) multipurpose facility featuring an expansive modern library, was constructed in 2009. The grounds contain low hills and include hiking and riding trails through the woods.Newsweek magazine described the campus as "unusually bucolic".
In a marked shift away from traditional collegiate layout that is characterized by symmetry and quadrangles, the architectural design firm, Moore and Hutchins, elected to group buildings together into informal zones based on function and as they took a departure from the Romanesque design of the previous campus. The notion that the design of individual buildings was less important than their interrelationships, was considered progressive at the time. Consequently, over the years, the architecture and development of the campus has won many awards, and in 2007 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
Eventually, two hundred deer roamed the wooded campus surrounded by a fence and without natural predators. In 2007, a biologist for the Maryland Department of Natural Resources estimated that the 287-acre (1.16 km2) woods only could provide a sustainable environment for forty deer, establishing a need for environmental stewardship of the campus. Goucher's response that winter was to hire bowmen to thin the population by about fifty deer and success of this approach has resulted in a yearly culling of the population. Reasons cited are to maintain the health of the remaining deer and other animals, reduce the risk of car crashes, protect landscaping, and prevent the spread of Lyme disease. The meat of the culled deer has been donated to local homeless shelters. Some students and community members, however, have objections to the population reduction.
There are special introductory courses for freshmen to orient them to the campus, as well as college life at Goucher.
In fall 2006, the college launched an education curriculum that outlines requirements that reflect the core values that underpin a liberal-arts education. These include: an international experience; proficiency in English composition and in a foreign language; and solid foundations in history, abstract reasoning, scientific discovery and experimentation, problem-solving, social structures, and environmental sustainability.
Undergraduate students are required to fulfill an off-campus learning requirement, either through an internship or a study-abroad experience for graduation. A popular choice among many Goucher students is to participate in a "three-week intensive" course abroad made up of an on-campus classroom component, followed by three weeks abroad during the winter or spring. Goucher also allows students to participate in semester and yearlong study-abroad programs offered by other schools.
Goucher recently announced that starting with the class of 2010, all students will be required to have at least one study-abroad experience for graduation, thus making it the first college in the United States to require such an experience of its students. Goucher also is well known for its creative writing, dance, and pre-med departments.
Goucher has a small but vibrant graduate program that is run by the Welch Center for Graduate and Professional Studies. The following graduate programs are offered at the college:
- Master of Arts in Arts Administration
- Master of Arts in Cultural Sustainability
- Master of Arts in Digital Arts
- Master of Arts in Historic Preservation
- Master of Arts in Management
- Master of Arts in Teaching
- Master of Education
- Master of Fine Arts in Digital Arts
- Master of Fine Arts in Creative Nonfiction
Certificate and continuing education programs
- Post-Baccalaureate Premed Program (having a 96% acceptance rate to medical school over its entire history)
- Teacher's Institute
- Educational Technology Certificate
Other programs on campus
Goucher offers many student-run clubs in different areas such as the Chem Club (the oldest continuously-operating club on campus), Hillel activities, and a student-labor action committee. It has a bi-weekly school newspaper called The Quindecim, and a literary arts journal called Preface.
Also notable is Goucher Student Radio, which contains a host of student, staff, and faculty programming and expands each year. It is accessible through Goucher's website as streaming media. Students from the college also are credited with founding Humans vs. Zombies, a game similar to tag that, generally, is played on college campuses.
Goucher athletic teams are known as the Gophers. The college competes in NCAA Division III, fielding men's and women's teams in lacrosse, soccer, basketball, track and field, cross country, swimming, and tennis, as well as women's teams in field hockey and volleyball, as well as coed equestrian sports (Intercollegiate Horse Show Association Zone IV Region I/American National Riding Commission). In 2007 the college joined the Landmark Conference after competing as a member of the Capital Athletic Conference from 1991 to 2007.
- Hattie Alexander (class of 1923), pediatrician and microbiologist
- Ellen Bass (class of 1968), poet
- Clara Beranger (class of 1907), screenwriter, married to William C. DeMille
- Emily Newell Blair, an American writer, suffragist, feminist, national Democratic Party political leader, and a founder of the League of Women Voters
- Ruth Bleier (class of 1945), a neurophysiologist, activist, and feminist
- Sally Brice-O'Hara (class of 1974), Vice Admiral and vice commandant, United States Coast Guard
- Joan Claybrook (class of 1959), president of Public Citizen, a consumer advocacy group founded by Ralph Nader
- Teresa Cohen (class of 1912), mathematician
- Sherry Cooper (class of 1972), economist
- Constance Maya-Das Dass (class of 1911), Phi Beta Kappa, first Indian president of Isabella Thoburn College, Lucknow, India from 1939–45
- Olive Dennis (class of 1908), railroad engineer
- Judy Devlin Hashman (class of 1958), ten-time All-England badminton singles champion
- Susan Devlin (class of 1953), American-Irish badminton champion
- Helen Dodson (class of 1927), astronomer, winner of the Annie J. Cannon Award in Astronomy
- Mildred Dunnock (class of 1922), Oscar-nominated film and stage actress
- Alison Fanelli (class of 2001), actress starring as Ellen on The Adventures of Pete & Pete
- Margaret Fishback (class of 1921), author and poet
- Jonah Goldberg (class of 1991), journalist and conservative commentator
- Margaret Irving Handy (class of 1911), pioneering pediatrician
- Helen C. Harrison (class of 1931), winner of the John Howland Award and the E. Mead Johnson Award for work in pediatrics (in collaboration with her husband)
- Ethel Browne Harvey, embryologist
- Karen S. Haynes (class of 1968), president of California State University, San Marcos
- Ellen Lipton Hollander (class of 1971), Judge of the Maryland Court of Special Appeals, nominee to the United States District Court for the District of Maryland
- Sarah T. Hughes (class of 1917), federal judge who administered the presidential oath of office to Lyndon B. Johnson
- Anne Hummert (née. Schumacher) (class of 1925), a creator of leading daytime radio serials during the 1930s and 1940s
- Georgeanna Seegar Jones (class of 1932), reproductive endocrinologist
- Alice Kessler-Harris (class of 1961) historian and professor
- Margaret G. Kibben, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, Chaplain of the United States Marine Corps
- Phyllis A. Kravitch (class of 1941), Senior Circuit Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
- Jane Levy (attended for a semester), actress
- Nancy Mowll Mathews (class of 1968), art historian
- Florence Marie Mears (class of 1917), mathematician
- Sara Haardt Mencken (class of 1920), professor of English Literature (married to H. L. Mencken)
- Shirley Montag Almon (class of 1956), economist
- Bessie Moses (class of 1915), contraception activist 
- John A. Olszewski, Jr. (class of 2004), Maryland State Delegate
- Mary Vivian Pearce (class of 1994), actress who worked with John Waters
- Hortense Powdermaker (class of 1919), anthropologist
- Jessie Woodrow Wilson Sayre (class of 1908), daughter of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson and political activist
- Laura Amy Schlitz (class of 1977), author, Newbery Medal and Newbery Honor winner
- Florence B. Seibert (class of 1918) American biochemist
- Rosalind Solomon (class of 1951), artist and photographer
- Darcey Steinke (class of 1985), writer
- Paula Stern (class of 1967), chairwoman of the United States International Trade Commission
- Lucé Vela (class of 1982), First Lady of Puerto Rico
- Eleanor Wilner (class of 1959), poet, 1991 MacArthur Fellow
- Jean Worthley (class of 1944), naturalist
Goucher has one of the highest percentages of Jewish students in the country with 30% identifying as Jewish. Women predominate as students on the undergraduate level at 65%. About 11.5% of the undergraduate population are either African-American, Asian, Hispanic, or Native-American. At the graduate level, the number is about 8.5%.
Administration and faculty
In 2009, U.S. News and World Report ranked Goucher college #105 in its annual rankings of national liberal arts colleges. The ranking of the college has fluctuated from #93 to #111 in recent years.
Its most well-known faculty members include Jean H. Baker and Julie Roy Jeffrey of the history department; President Sanford J. Ungar; and authors Madison Smartt Bell and Elizabeth Spires, who oversee the college's Kratz Center for Creative Writing. Goucher is one of forty institutions profiled in the book Colleges That Change Lives by Loren Pope.
Presidents of Goucher College
Contrary to popular belief, John Goucher was not the first president of Goucher College. He and his wife were among its founders. Although offered the post as the first president of the college that later would be renamed from the Women's College of Baltimore City to Goucher College, he refused the honor as he wished to continue as the pastor of First Methodist Episcopal Church of Baltimore (Lovely Lane Church) and continue his deep involvement in Methodist mission work around the world.
When William Hersey Hopkins resigned as the first president to join the faculty, the board of trustees nominated Goucher for the role and voted, without giving him an option to decline the nomination. With a unanimous vote from the board, Goucher felt obligated to serve the college as its second president.
Following his retirement in 1908, his successor, Eugene Noble, successfully led the movement to rename the college in honor of Mary Fisher and John Goucher in recognition of their involvement in the founding of the college, amazing financial support, and John's role as president for eighteen years. The change was made in 1910.
Dorothy Stimson, the dean of the college, served as acting president from January to June 1930. She was the first woman to lead the college.
The board then named David Robertson as the permanent president of the college and he led the college through the difficult years of the Great Depression and World War II and he oversaw the beginning of college's move from the city of Baltimore to its current location in Baltimore County.
Rhoda Dorsey is notable for many firsts: the first woman to be selected as a permanent president of Goucher College, the first acting president to be elected president, and the first faculty member of the college to be chosen as the permanent president. She also is notable for serving the longest period as Goucher's president, twenty years.
A chronological list of presidents is:
|William Hersey Hopkins||1886–1890|
|John Franklin Goucher||1890–1908|
|Eugene Allen Nobel||1908–1911|
|John Blackford Van Meter||1911–1913 (Acting President)|
|William Westley Guth||1913–1929|
|Hans Froelicher||May 1929–January 1930 (Acting President)|
|Dorothy Stimson||January–June 1930 (Acting President)|
|David Allan Robertson||1930–1948|
|Marvin Banks Perry, Jr.||1967–1973|
|Rhoda Mary Dorsey||1973–1974 (Acting President)|
|Rhoda Mary Dorsey||1974–1994|
|Judy Jolley Mohraz||1994–2000|
|Robert S. Welch||2000–2001 (Acting President)|
|Sanford J. Ungar||2001–2014|
|José A. Bowen||2014–|
- As of June 30, 2009. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2009 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2008 to FY 2009" (PDF). 2009 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- http://www.archive.org/details/historyofgoucher00knip page 10
- Goucher College, The Baltimore Sun, August 29, 2002
- "Goucher College". The Independent. Jul 6, 1914. Retrieved August 1, 2012.
- The Hot Schools Of 2004 | Newsweek Education | Newsweek.com
- Goucher aims to thin deer with bowmen - baltimoresun.com
- "The New U Insider's Guide to Colleges". Reform Judaism Online. Union for Reform Judaism. Retrieved July 4, 2011.