Gourmanché language

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Gourmanchéma
Gulimancema
Native to Burkina Faso, Togo, Benin, Niger
Ethnicity Gurma people
Native speakers
800,000  (1991–2001)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 gux
Glottolog gour1243[2]
People Bigulimanceba
Language Migulimancema

Gourmanchéma (Goulmacema, Gourma, Gourmantche, Gulimancema, Gulmancema, Gurma) is a major language of the Gurma people spoken in from Burkina Faso across northern Togo and Benin and as far as Niger.

All nouns within this language are classified into eight noun classes, identified by their prefixes and suffixes in both singular and plural. All mass nouns, states of existence, languages, for example, begin with the prefix mi- and end with the suffix -ma (that is, they take the circumfix mi—ma), as in blood (misuama), water (minyima), sand (mitambima), fire (mifantama), existence (miyema), state of being crazy (migadima), Gourmantché language (migourmantchema). All trees have a set of circumfixes bu—bu and i—di in the singular and plural, as in busaabu (shea tree) and isaandi (shea trees).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gourmanchéma at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Gourmanchema". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.