|This article does not cite any references or sources. (November 2009)|
A gourmand is a person who either takes great pleasure in food, a person given to excess in the consumption of food and drink, a greedy eater, or a ravenous eater.
The word has different connotations from the similar word gourmet, which emphasises an individual with a highly refined discerning palate, but in practice the two terms are closely linked, as both imply the enjoyment of good food.
In this latter usage, there is a parallel concern among the French that their word for the appreciation of gourmet cuisine (gourmandise) is historically included in the French Catholic list of the Seven Deadly Sins. With the evolution in the meaning of gourmand (and gourmandise) away from gluttony, towards the appreciation of good food, French culinary proponents are advocating that the Catholic Church update the infamous list to refer to "gloutonnerie" rather than "gourmandise."
- Ligue des Gourmands, founded by Auguste Escoffier in 1912
- Gourmand World Cookbook Awards, created by Edouard Cointreau in 1995