The word has different connotations from the similar word gourmet, which emphasises an individual with a refined discerning palate, but in practice the two terms are closely linked, as both imply the enjoyment of good food.
Regarding the latter usage of the term, there is a parallel concern among the French that their word for the appreciation of gourmet cuisine (gourmandise) is historically included in the French Catholic list of the Seven Deadly Sins. With the evolution in the meaning of gourmand (and gourmandise) away from gluttony, towards the appreciation of good food, French culinary proponents are advocating that the Catholic Church update the infamous list to refer to "gloutonnerie" rather than "gourmandise."
Henri Brispot's A gourmand
- Ligue des Gourmands, founded by Auguste Escoffier in 1912
- Gourmand World Cookbook Awards, created by Edouard Cointreau in 1995
- Brein, M.; Keller, T. (2013). Travel Tales of Michael Brein: My Best 100:. The Travel Psychologist Travel Tales Series. Michael Brein Incorporated. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-886590-27-4.
- Garner, B. (2009). Garner's Modern American Usage. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 398. ISBN 978-0-19-988877-1.
- Merriam-Webster, Inc (1984). Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Synonyms: A Dictionary of Discriminated Synonyms with Antonyms and Analogous and Contrasted Words. A Merriam-Webster. 범문사. p. 295. ISBN 978-0-87779-341-0.