Government Center (MBTA station)
Government Center headhouse
|Address||Near Boston City Hall at intersection of Tremont, Court and Cambridge Streets, Downtown Boston|
Green Line (all branches)
|Platforms||1 island platform (Blue Line)
1 triangular island platform (Green Line)
|Tracks||Blue Line: 2
Green Line: 2 plus non-revenue loop track
|Opened||September 3, 1898 (Green Line)
March 18, 1916 (Blue Line)
|Passengers (2009)||11,317 (weekday average boardings)|
Government Center is an MBTA subway station and a transfer point between the Green Line and the Blue Line. It is located at the intersection of Tremont, Court and Cambridge Streets in the Government Center area of Boston. The Green Line platform opened in 1898, and holds the distinction of being the third oldest operating subway station in the MBTA system after Park Street and Boylston.
Before Boston City Hall Plaza was built at its current location, completely replacing old Scollay Square, the underground station platforms were known as Scollay on what would become the Green Line, and Scollay Under on what would be called the Blue Line. An original tile mosaic "Scollay" sign has remained visible on the rarely used inbound loopback track at the upper (Green Line) level.
Years later, when the false walls at both ends of the lower (Blue Line) platform were removed to accommodate the change from four- to six-car trains, several surviving original tile mosaic "Scollay Under" signs were uncovered, which can be seen on both ends of the platform.
Government Center station was featured in the video game Tony Hawk's Underground 2 in the Boston level.
Green Line congestion and Red-Blue Connector
The Red and Blue Lines are the only pair of rapid transit lines in the MBTA system that lack a direct transfer connection. As of 2012, the Green Line is the most convenient way to transfer between the Blue Line and the Red Line, thus causing the short Green Line segment between Government Center station and nearby Park Street station to be especially congested during peak travel times. This bottleneck, combined with tight platform clearances on the Green Line outbound side at Government Center, has been the cause of significant delays and crowding on the Green Line. In the past, an underground pedestrian passage had been proposed, paralleling the Green Line tracks and connecting the two stations, but this idea was dropped in favor of a direct transfer connection between the Blue and Red Lines.
It also is possible to transfer between the Red and Blue Lines by traveling one stop on the Orange Line between State and Downtown Crossing stations, but this path involves navigating a longer and more convoluted path through stairs and passages of those stations.
As part of a lawsuit settlement relating to air quality mitigation for the Big Dig highway tunnel project, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts agreed to build a direct transfer connection between the Blue and Red Lines. This would be done by extending the Blue Line beyond Bowdoin station, continuing to run a further 1500 feet (450 m) beneath Cambridge Street to Charles/MGH station on the Red Line. Unlike the historic non-revenue Red-Blue Line connection, there would be no direct rail connection between the lines at Charles/MGH station (the rail gauges are identical, but the Red and Blue Line railcars are otherwise dimensionally incompatible). However, passengers would be able to transfer between the Red and Blue Lines without needing to crowd onto the Green Line, and many passengers from the North Shore of Boston would be able to reach the Massachusetts General Hospital area directly without further transfers.
After failing to take any action for over a decade, and under threat of further lawsuits, the state finally agreed to start detailed engineering design for such an extension, which was ongoing as of 2012[update]. Construction is expected to take 6 years, but a start date and funding scheme have not yet been announced.
As of 2012, Government Center is not wheelchair accessible, with the exception of accessible inbound and outbound transfers on the Blue Line (to reverse direction of travel). Plans to renovate the station are being developed.
Beginning March 22, 2014, Government Center Station will be closed for approximately two years while crews work to upgrade the station into a fully accessible, safer, modern, more comfortable facility. The current schedule is summarized as follows:
- Construction Contract Award (NTP): July 2013
- Prepare station for closure (electrical, structural, civil engineering): Second Quarter through Fourth Quarter 2013
- Reconfigure roadways and sidewalks for station closure: Fourth Quarter 2013 to Second Quarter 2014. This work was to begin the week of November 18, 2013.
- Close station for reconstruction: Second Quarter 2014
- Reopen station: Second Quarter 2016
- Completion of construction: Fourth Quarter 2016
Improvements will make Government Center Station wheelchair accessible for the first time, and will include new elevators, a new station entrance and lobbies, a new emergency exit-only structure on Cambridge Street between Court and Sudbury Street, new escalators, new LED signage, new and expanded fare collection area, upgraded back-up electrical power supply, improved interior finishes, and new station lighting, mechanical systems, and public address system. Additional vendor retail space will also be provided on both Green Line and Blue Line platforms.
During Government Center station's closure, Green Line trains can pass through, but will not stop there. The last downtown stop will generally be the following for each branch:
- B Line (Boston College) will end at Park Street
- C Line (Cleveland Circle) will end at North Station
- D Line (Riverside) will end at Park Street during rush hours, and North Station at other times
- E Line will end at Lechmere
While the station is being rebuilt, the recommended path of travel for Green Line customers connecting to the Blue Line is to ride to Haymarket Station and transfer to the Orange Line toward Forest Hills (southbound). Customers should then exit the Orange Line at State Street Station for Blue Line connections. The recommended path of travel for Blue Line customers connecting to the Green Line is to get off at State Street and transfer to the Orange Line toward Oak Grove (northbound). Customers should then exit at Haymarket Station for Green Line connections.
Additionally, Bowdoin Station will be open during all hours of subway service, for the duration of Government Center's closure. A shuttle bus will also operate, leaving Haymarket Station busway every twenty minutes from 5:20 am to 12:20 am seven days a week (Sundays, the shuttle begins at 6:00 am). The bus will make stops outside State Street Station, Government Center Station, Bowdoin Station, and then return to Haymarket. 
- "Ridership and Service Statistics". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2012.
- "Red Line Blue Line Connector". Mass.gov. Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
- "Red Line Blue Line Connector Factsheet". Mass.gov. Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
- "State agrees to design link between Red and Blue lines". The Boston Globe. November 30, 2006. Retrieved 2007-10-14.
- Belcher, Jonathan, "Remnants of Abandoned Stations, Tunnels, and Station Entrances found on the MBTA" (archived 2007)
- Bierman, Noah, "Transit archeology: Tour of abandoned subway network offers a glimpse of how the T was built", Boston Globe, Saturday, December 26, 2009.
- Cheape, Charles W. (1980). Moving the masses : urban public transport in New York, Boston and Philadelphia, 1880–1912. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-58827-4.
- Cheney, Frank; Sammarco, Anthony Mitchell (2000). When Boston rode the El. Charleston, SC: Arcadia. ISBN 978-0-7385-0462-9.
- Cudahy, Brian J. (1972). Change at Park Street Under; the story of Boston's subways. Brattleboro, Vt.: S. Greene Press. ISBN 978-0-8289-0173-4.
- McKendry, Joe (2006). Beneath the streets of Boston: Building America's first subway. Boston: David R. Godine. ISBN 978-1-56792-284-4.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Government Center (MBTA station).|
- MBTA Green & Blue Lines -- Government Center Station
- Court Street entrance from Google Maps Street View