Government Degree Colleges in India are public-sector educational institutes managed mainly through rule and regulations of government accompanied by University Grants Commission (India) (UGC). Education in India has been categorized into elementary, secondary and higher education. The aim behind the formation of the Government Degree Colleges is to provide higher education to undergraduates, postgraduates and Doctoral research scholars in various streams and courses recognized by UGC of India. Presently, the standards have been set up for the classifications of the institutes in 2 (f) and 12 (b) category, which is certified by the UGC, New Delhi to maintain the excellence in higher education. The Government Degree Colleges are fully managed by government, either central or at state level, and affiliated to the universities for course structures. Moreover, the Government Degree College as the institute of higher education, are administered and controlled by the principal who serves as the head. Teachers (Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, and Professor) are appointed through Public Service Commissions (a government body under the articles from 315-323 of the Constitution of India) of central and state governments. The teachers appointed through the public service commissions are government servants with Group A post and are gazetted in nature. Education is the matter of concurrent lists in India; the government from the centre or from the states has the right to formulate law on higher education.
In Uttar Pradesh, government controlled degree colleges are only 137 in numbers at present for the courses in Under Graduate (UG), Post Graduate (PG) and Doctoral Research programs in Humanities (Arts), Science and Commerce streams. The Department of Higher Education of Government of Uttar Pradesh directly controls the institutes through Directorate of Higher Education,Allahabad. Many of them are located in rural or in the remote areas, and providing educational opportunities to the students belong to poor section of the society as well. The institutes the Director of Higher Education of the state, the Regional Higher Education officer at regional and Principal at the institute who is the immediate officer of teaching and non-teaching staff with authority of Drawing and Disbursing Officer (DDO). Presently, nine regional offices for higher education have been established to control the Government Degree Colleges in Uttar Pradesh along with large number of aided degree colleges (managed privately and funded by the UGC). All 137 colleges are affiliated with the universities in Uttar Pradesh based on locations. Teachers for the Government Degree Colleges are recruited through Public Service Commission of Uttar Pradesh which is located in Allahabad. The nature of the posts are Gazetted and belongs to Group A services. The government controlled degree colleges are performing better and mostly are in the 2 (f) and 12 (b) category recognized and funded by the UGC. The rigorous procedure of accreditation of the government degree colleges is completed by National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bengaluru (a sub-body of UGC, New Delhi).