Government Digital Service
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politics and government of
the United Kingdom
The Government Digital Service is a unit of the UK Government's Cabinet Office tasked with transforming the provision of government digital services. It was formed in April 2011 to implement the 'Digital by Default' strategy proposed by a report produced for the Cabinet Office in 2010 called 'Directgov 2010 and beyond: revolution not evolution'. It is overseen by the Public Expenditure Executive (Efficiency & Reform) which is co-chaired by Minister for the Cabinet Office, Francis Maude and the Chief Secretary to the Treasury, Danny Alexander. GDS is primarily based at Aviation House on Kingsway in Holborn, London.
On 20 July 2010, Directgov was moved to the Cabinet Office from the Department of Work and Pensions. Since 1 April 2011 Directgov is part of the Government Digital Service. On 13 September 2012, through a notice on the Directgov homepage, it was announced that the GOV.UK project, built by the Government Digital Service, will replace Directgov as the primary website of the UK Government on 17 October 2012, after which Directgov will close.
'Digital by Default' strategy
The strategy was proposed in a report called 'Directgov 2010 and beyond: revolution not evolution' prepared by Martha Lane Fox, the founder of lastminute.com. In an interview, Francis Maude, minister with responsibility for the GDS has spoken about "powerful oligopolies" and the reliance on a single supplier as a cause of high profile failures in public sector IT, such as NHS Connecting for Health. The GDS is intended to "drive service delivery to digital across government and provide support, advice and technical expertise for departments as they develop new digital delivery models". This strategy is focussed on the application of Agile software development and Lean software development methodologies, supplied primarily via small and medium enterprises rather than large suppliers.
The GDS has a 'Digital Advisory Board' consisting of high profile external experts, which meets bi-annually and advises the GDS on strategy.
As of 2013, less than 2 years after GDS began, GDS has over 200 staff. 
- Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency
- Office of the e-Envoy
- E-Government Unit
- Transformational Government
- Public Sector Internal Identity Federation
- Digital Advisory Board to support Government Digital Service wired Magazine. Retrieved 25 April 2012
- Directgov 2010 and beyond: revolution not evolution British Government, Retrieved 23 November 2010
- Executive Director of Digital in the Cabinet Office Mike Bracken. Retrieved 20.05.2011
- Maude sets out 'digital by default', single-platform vision for UK government Computing Incisive Media UK Retrieved 12 Jun 2012
- The U.K.'s Digital Plan to Innovate Government The Wall Street Journal Retrieved September 19, 2012, 5:41 p.m. ET
- Saul Klein. "Government Digital Service: the best startup in Europe we can't invest in". 2013-11-15.