Government Performance and Results Act

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The Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) (P.L. 103-62) is a United States law enacted in 1993. It is one of a series of laws designed to improve government performance management. The GPRA requires agencies to engage in performance management tasks such as setting goals, measuring results, and reporting their progress. In order to comply with the GPRA, agencies produce strategic plans, performance plans, and conduct gap analyses of projects.

The foundation of GPRA is based on the following three elements as follows:

  • Agencies are required to develop five-year strategic plans that must contain a mission statement for the agency as well as long-term, results-oriented goals covering each of its major functions
  • Agencies are required to prepare annual performance plans that establish the performance goals for the applicable fiscal year, a brief description of how these goals are to be met, and a description of how these performance goals can be verified
  • Agencies must prepare annual performance reports that review the agency's success or failure in meeting its targeted performance goals

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is tasked pursuant to the GPRA with producing an annual report on agency performance. This is produced with the President's annual budget request.

On January 4, 2011, President Obama signed H.R. 2142, the GPRA Modernization Act of 2010 (GPRAMA), into law as P.L. 111-352. Section 10 requires agencies to publish their strategic and performance plans and reports in machine-readable formats. StratML is such a format.

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