Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Provincial Government Flag
|Seat of Government||Peshawar|
|Governor||Mehtab Ahmed Khan|
|Chief Minister||Pervez Khattak|
|Chief Secretary||Muhammad Shehzad|
|Members in Assembly||124|
|High Court||Peshawar High Court|
|Chief Justice||Justice Mazhar Alam Miankhel|
The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pashto:خیبر پښتونخوا, Hindko/Urdu: ) is the provincial government of 25 Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The provincial government is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive and judicial, whose powers are vested by the Constitution of Pakistan, in the Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the Governor, and the provincial ourts, including the High Court, respectively. The powers and duties of these branches are further defined by acts of Assembly, including the creation of executive departments and courts inferior to the High Court.
The full name of the province is "Khyber Pakhtunkhwa". No other name appears in the Constitution, and this is the name that appears in treaties and in legal cases to which it is a party. The terms "Government of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa" or "Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Government" are often used in official documents to represent the provincial government as distinct from other provinces of Pakistan. The seat of government is in Peshawar is commonly used as a capital for the provincial government.
The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa functions under the provisions of the Constitution of Pakistan (1973). The Province has a Provincial Assembly with 124 elected members, constituent of 99 Regular seats, 22 seats reserved for women and 3 seats for non-Muslims. The Provincial Assembly elects the Chief Minister of the Province who forms a Cabinet of Ministers to look after various Departments. The Chief Minister is the Chief Executive of the Province. The Federal Government appoints a Governor as head of the Provincial Government.
The bureaucratic machinery of the province is headed by a Chief Secretary, who coordinates and supervises functions of various Departments headed by Departmental Secretaries. All the Secretaries are assisted by Additional Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries, Section Officers and other staff. The Departments may have attached Departments and autonomous or semi-autonomous bodies to look after various functions.
Since the year 2001, the system of elected District Governments has been introduced. The Province is divided into 24 districts. The Districts are headed by a Zila Nazim or district mayor assisted by a District Coordination Officer, in charge of district bureaucracy. In a District the functions are devolved further to the Tehsil, Town and Union Council Governments. Each District has an elected Zilla Council, elected Tehsil, Town and Union Councils who look after various activities at their respective levels.
At district level a District Police Officer looks after the Law and Order and he reports to the Zila Nazim. Each district has a Public Safety Commission which addresses public complaints against the Police. There is a Provincial Police Officer who is in charge of the Police system at the provincial level.
The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Provincial Assembly is the legislative branch of the provincial government. It is unicameral legislature.
Powers of Assembly
The Constitution grants numerous powers to Assembly. Enumerated in Article 123(3), 130, 141 and 142 the Constitution of Pakistan, these include the powers to manage the purse of the province, to keep checks on the policies and practices of the government and to make laws.
Makeup of Assembly
The Assembly currently consists of 124 voting members, each of whom represents a provincial district. The number of representatives each province has in the Assembly is based on each province's population as determined in the most recent Census. All 124 representatives serve a five-year term. Each district receives a minimum of one representative in the Assembly. In order to be elected as a representative, an individual must be at least 18 years of age, and must be only a Pakistani citizen and his name appears on the electoral roll for any area in the Province. There is no limit on the number of terms a representative may serve.
The executive post in the provincial government is the Governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa although power is delegated to the Chief Minister, Cabinet members and other officials. The governor is designated by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister and Chief Minister normally regarded a ceremonial post.
The executive branch consists of the Governor. The Governor is the head of province. The Governor, according to the Constitution, must "take care that the laws be faithfully executed", and "preserve, protect and defend the Constitution". The current Governor is Mehtab Ahmed Khan.
The Governor may sign legislation passed by Provincial Assembly into law or may veto in the case of a bill other than a Money Bill preventing it from becoming law unless two-thirds of Provincial Assembly vote to override the veto.
The second-highest executive branch consists of the Chief Minister. The Chief Minister is the head of government. Under the Constitution, the Chief Minister is Leader of House. By virtue of this role, he or she is the head of the Assembly. In that capacity, the Chief Minister is allowed to vote in the Assembly. The current Chief Minister is Pervez Khattak
Cabinet and Cabinet-Level Officials
The day-to-day enforcement and administration of provincial laws is in the hands of the various provincial departments, created by Assembly to deal with specific areas of provincial and national affairs. The heads of the departments, are chosen by the Governor from members of the Provincial Assembly and then approved with the "advice and consent" of Chief Minister generally known as the Chief Minister's "Cabinet".
The Judiciary explains and applies the laws. This branch does this by hearing and eventually making decisions on various legal cases.
Overview of the Provincial Judiciary
- Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
- Peshawar, the provincial capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
- Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa