Government of Romania
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Government of Romania (Romanian: Guvernul României) forms one half of the country's executive branch (the other half being the President). It is headed by the Prime-Minister, and consists of the Ministries, various subordinated institutions and agencies, and the 42 Prefectures. The seat of the Romanian Government is at Victoria Palace in Bucharest.
|This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (June 2011)|
The procedure of investing a new Government is initiated by the President, who designates a candidate to the office of Prime Minister after consulting the party which holds a majority of seats in Parliament. If no such majority exists, the President consults all the parties represented in Parliament. Once nominated, the candidate establishes a list of members and a government platform; this is to be done in 10 days. The 10-day interval is not a strict deadline, rather it represents the time period deemed optimal to establish a competent legal Government. The expiry of this interval allows the President to revoke the candidate and designate a new one, though this is not mandatory.
Once the candidate has formed a list and a program, he can ask for the Parliament's vote of confidence. The Parliament debates upon the matter in joint sitting, and can only reject proposals twice in a span of 60 days. If Parliament fails to approve a candidate within this time period, the President gains the right to dissolve it.
Should the Parliament grant its vote of confidence, the proposed political platform becomes official, and the full list of Government must be confirmed by the President. The Government is then sworn in and begins its term.And
The Constitution of Romania provides for two basic types of members, namely ministers (miniştri) and the Prime Minister (primul-ministru). The statute of additional members is established by organic law. Current legislation establishes the positions of deputy prime minister (viceprim-ministru), state minister (ministru de stat) and ministers delegated with special tasks (miniştri delegaţi cu însărcinări speciale). "State minister" is a senior position, the holder of which coordinates the activity of various ministries under the direction of the Prime Minister.
The Prime Minister is the leader of Government and coordinates its activity. The working apparatus of the Government consists of the Prime-Minister's office, the General Secretariat of the Government and other departments and structures established through Government Decisions.
The Prime Minister's office itself consists of the Prime Minister's Cabinet, the body of his state-secretaries and state-counselors, and the Prime Minister's Registry.
The role of the Government is sanctioned by the Constitution and by relevant laws. The Government exercises "general leadership of the public administration", elaborates strategies to implement the government platform, exercises legislative initiative, negotiates international treaties, represents the Romanian state both internally and externally, names prefects and presents information and documents to the Chambers of Parliament as requested.
Relations with the Parliament
The Government answers exclusively to Parliament, both through compulsory information of Parliament and through questions, interpellations and inquiry committees. A Chamber of Parliament (Chamber of Deputies or Senate) may carry a simple motion with regards to the subject matter of an interpellation. In extreme cases, the Parliament may vote a motion of censure, withdrawing its confidence and forcing the Government to resign.
Through a special habilitation law, the Government may be enabled to issue ordinances (ordonanţe), which have the same legal force as ordinary laws. Ordinances are a form of legislative delegation, and may require approval in Parliament if the habilitation law states so. In extraordinary situations, in which regulation cannot be postponed, the Government may issue emergency ordinances (ordonanţe de urgenţă), which do not require habilitation laws but must be subjected to approval in Parliament before coming into force.
|Prime Minister||Ponta, VictorVictor Ponta||PSD|
|Viceprime-minister, Minister of Regional Development and Public Administration||Dragnea, LiviuLiviu Dragnea||PSD|
|Minister of Public Finance||Chițoiu, DanielDaniel Chițoiu||PNL|
|Vice Prime-Minister for defence and public safety||Oprea, GabrielGabriel Oprea||UNPR|
|Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development||Constantin, DanielDaniel Constantin||PC|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Corlățean, TitusTitus Corlățean||PSD|
|Minister of Internal Affairs||Stroe, RaduRadu Stroe||PNL|
|Minister of National Defense||Dușa, MirceaMircea Dușa||PSD|
|Minister of Justice||Cazanciuc, RobertRobert Cazanciuc||Independent|
|Minister of Environment and Climatic Change||Plumb, RovanaRovana Plumb||PSD|
|Minister of Economy||Gerea, AndreiAndrei Gerea||PNL|
|Minister of Communications and Information Society||Nica, DanDan Nica||PSD|
|Ministry of Health||Nicolăescu, EugenEugen Nicolăescu||PNL|
|Minister of National Education||Pricopie, RemusRemus Pricopie||PSD|
|Minister of Labor, Family, and Social Protection||Câmpeanu, MarianaMariana Câmpeanu||PNL|
|Minister of European Funds||Teodorovici, EugenEugen Teodorovici||PSD|
|Minister of Transport and Infrastructure||Mănescu, RamonaRamona Mănescu||PNL|
|Minister of Culture||Barbu, Daniel ConstantinDaniel Constantin Barbu||PNL|
|Minister of Youth and Sport||Bănicioiu, NicolaeNicolae Bănicioiu||PSD|
|Minister-Delegate for the Budget||Voinea, LiviuLiviu Voinea||PSD|
|Minister-Delegate for waters, forests and fish farming||Varga, LuciaLucia Varga||PNL|
|Minister-Delegate for infrastructure projects and foreign investments||Șova, DanDan Șova||PSD|
|Minister-Delegate for small and medium enterprises, business environment and tourism||Grapini, MariaMaria Grapini||PC|
|Minister-Delegate for energy||Niță, ConstantinConstantin Niță||PSD|
|Minister-Delegate for higher education, scientific research and technological development||Costoiu, MihneaMihnea Costoiu||PSD|
|Minister-Delegate for Liaison with Parliament||Voicu, Mihai AlexandruMihai Alexandru Voicu||PNL|
|Minister-Delegate for Romanians abroad||David, CristianCristian David||PNL|
|Minister-Delegate for Social Dialogue||Pană, DoinaDoina Pană||PSD|
- Constitution, art. 103
- Constitution, art. 89
- Constitution, art. 104
- Law no. 90/2001, art. 3
- Law no. 90, art. 54
- Law no. 90/2001, art. 20
- Law no. 90/2001, art. 11
- Constitution, art. 91
- Constitution, art. 123
- Constitution, art. 111
- Constitution, art. 112
- Constitution, art. 113
- Constitution, art. 115
- The Government of Romania
- The President of Romania
- Senate of Romania
- Chamber of Deputies of Romania
- Supreme Court of Romania