Government of Uttar Pradesh

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Government of Uttar Pradesh
Official seal of Government of Uttar Pradesh
Nickname(s): Land of the Ganges and Yamuna
India Uttar Pradesh location map.svg
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
Region Awadh, Braj, Bundelkhand, Purvanchal, RohilKhand
High Court Allahabad High Court
District Courts India undefined
Uttar Pradesh 14 November 18342
Capital Lucknow
 • Governor Sri Ram Naik
 • Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav
 • Chief Secretary Alok Ranjan
 • Total 243,286 km2 (93,933 sq mi)
Area rank 5th
Population [1]
 • Total 193,977,000
 • Rank 1st
 • Density 792/km2 (2,050/sq mi)
 • Official Hindi, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-UP
Vehicle registration UP XX XXXX
No. of districts 701
Largest metro Kanpur
Sex ratio 111.4 /
HDI Increase
HDI Rank 25th
HDI Year 2005
HDI Category low
Climate Cfa (Köppen)
Avg. annual temperature 31 °C (88 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 46 °C (115 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 6 °C (43 °F)

1 The decision to possibly create additional districts is pending.
- 14 November 1834 : Presidency of Agra.
- 1 January 1836 : North-Western Provinces.
- 3 April 1858 : Oudh taken under British control, Delhi taken away from NWP & merged into Punjab.
- 1 April 1871 : Ajmer, Merwara & Kekri made separate commissionership.
- 15 February 1877 : Oudh added to North-Western Provinces.
- 22 March 1902 : Renamed United Provinces of Agra and Oudh.
- 3 January 1921 : Renamed United Provinces of British India.
- 1 April 1937 : Renamed United Provinces
- 1 April 1946 : Self rule granted.
- 15 August 1947 : Part of independent India.
- 26 January 1950 : Renamed Uttar Pradesh

- 9 November 2000 : Uttaranchal, now known as Uttarakhand, state created from part of Uttar Pradesh.

The government of Uttar Pradesh is a democratically elected body in India with the Governor as its constitutional head. The Governor of Uttar Pradesh is appointed for a period of five years and appoints the Chief Minister and his council of ministers, who are vested with legislative powers. The governor remains a ceremonial head of the state, while the Chief Minister and his council are responsible for day-to-day government functions. Government of UP's influence on Indian Politics is paramount as it send the largest number of Lok Sabha seats to Indian Parliament

Administrative divisions[edit]

The Indian state of Uttar Pradesh is made up of 75 administrative districts, that are grouped into 18 divisions as of 2012.


The Uttar Pradesh is one of only six states in India with a bicameral legislature—i.e., has two houses, the Vidhan Sabha, a legislative assembly, and the Vidhan Parishad, a legislative council.

Legislative assembly (Vidhan Sabha)[edit]

This is the lower house. Members of the legislative assembly are elected directly by the people of Uttar Pradesh. The government is formed by the elected members of the assembly. The election to the Legislative Assembly is held once in five years which is also the tenure of an elected Government. But in case the government loses the confidence of the Assembly, a midterm election may become necessary. There are 403 seats in the Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha.

Legislative council (Vidhan Parishad)[edit]

This is the upper house. There are 100 seats in the Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Parishad.


The government is headed by the Governor who appoints the Chief Minister and his council of ministers. The Governor is appointed for a period of five years and acts as the constitutional head of the State. Even though the governor remains the ceremonial head of the state, the day to day running of the government is taken care of by the Chief Minister and his council of ministers in whom a great deal of legislative powers is vested.

The Secretariat headed by the secretary to the governor assists the council of ministers. The council of ministers consists of cabinet Ministers, ministers of state and deputy ministers. The chief minister is also assisted by the Chief Secretary, who is the head of the administrative services.


District Magistrates/ Collectors are appointed as the main officers to look after each district for general administration.


There is a high court at Allahabad and its bench is at Lucknow and courts in every district centres and some Tehsils centres.


A district of an Indian state is an administrative geographical unit, headed by a Deputy Commissioner or District Magistrate, an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service. The district magistrate or the deputy commissioner is assisted by a number of officers belonging to Uttar Pradesh Civil Service and other state services.

A Deputy Commissioner of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues of the district. He is assisted by the officers of the Uttar Pradesh Police Service and other Uttar Pradesh Police officials. A Deputy Conservator of Forests, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service is responsible for managing the forests, the environment, and wildlife-related issues of the district with the assistance of the Uttar Pradesh Forest Service. Sectoral development is looked after by the district head of each development department such as PWD, Health, Education, Agriculture, animal husbandry, etc. These officers belong to the various State Services.


Uttar Pradesh politics is dominated by the regional parties Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and Samajwadi Party (SP), with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) as the third major party. The Samajawadi Party occupies the current government headed by Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav.

State seal[edit]

The twin fish, the state symbol of Uttar Pradesh, is found on almost all ancient buildings. The twin fish symbol is believed originally from the Mediterranean states from which it travelled to and settled around Lucknow. The same twin fish symbol can also be seen in ancient buildings in Nepal, Pakistan, China, and Japan and the gate of royal tomb of King Suro in the South Korean city of Gimhae.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Population estimate". 2008-07-01. Retrieved 2008-08-15. 
  2. ^ Cahoon, Ben (2000). "Provinces of British India". Retrieved 2009-09-21. 
  3. ^ "Governors of Uttar Pradesh". Retrieved 2009-09-21. 
  4. ^ Ben Cahoon. "Indian states since 1947". Retrieved 2009-09-21. 
  5. ^ "Korean Relative of Kings of Ayodhya Goes on Evidence Hunting", Tarannum Manjul, The Indian Express, 21 January 2010.

External links[edit]