Government of Russia

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Government of the Russian Federation
Government.ru logo.png
Government overview
Formed 1993 (current, 2014)
Jurisdiction Russia
Headquarters Russian White House, Moscow,
Minister responsible Dmitry Medvedev, Prime Minister
Website government.ru
This article is about only executive branch, headed by the Prime Minister. For all branches, see Politics of Russia.
Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Russia

The Government of the Russian Federation (Russian: Прави́тельство Росси́йской Федера́ции) exercises executive power in the Russian Federation. The members of the government are the Prime Minister of Russia (Chairman of the Government), the deputy prime ministers, and the federal ministers. It has its legal basis in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the federal constitutional law "On the Government of the Russian Federation".[1]

According to the 1978 Russian Constitution, the President of Russia was a head of executive branch and headed the Council of Ministers of Russia. According to the current 1993 Constitution of Russia, the President of Russia is not a part of the Government of Russia, which exercises executive power. The Chapter 6 of the Constitution of Russia says, that "The Government of the Russian Federation consists of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation and federal ministries".

Overview[edit]

After the fall of the Soviet Union, the Russian Council of Ministers had become the main executive body. At some points it contained over 69 state committees, 16–17 ministers, 5 federal services, and over 46 governmental agencies. After the 2004 reform, government duties were split between 17 ministries, 5 federal services, and over 30 governmental agencies.

The prime minister is appointed by the president of the Russian Federation (currently Vladimir Putin), and confirmed by the State Duma. He or she succeeds to the presidency if the current president dies, is incapacitated, or resigns. The current prime minister is Dmitry Medvedev.

History[edit]

The body was preceded by Government of the Soviet Union. Since the Russian Federation emerged in 1991, the government's structure has undergone several major changes. In the initial years, government bodies, primarily the different ministries, underwent massive reorganization as the old Soviet governing networks were adapted to the new state. Many reshuffles and renamings occurred.

On November 28, 1991, President of the RSFSR Boris Yeltsin signed presidential decree №242 "On reorganization of the government bodies of the RSFSR" (Russian: "О реорганизации центральных органов государственного управления РСФСР").

The most recent change took place on May 21, 2012 when President Vladimir Putin signed presidential decree on forming Dmitry Medvedev's Cabinet.[2][3]

Responsibilities and power[edit]

The government is the subject of the 6th chapter of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. According to the constitution, the government of the Russian Federation must:

  1. draft and submit the federal budget to the State Duma; ensure the implementation of the budget and report on its implementation to the State Duma;
  2. ensure the implementation of a uniform financial, credit and monetary policy in the Russian Federation ;
  3. ensure the implementation of a uniform state policy in the areas of culture, science, education, health protection, social security and ecology;
  4. manage federal property;
  5. adopt measures to ensure the country's defense, state security, and the implementation of the foreign policy of the Russian Federation;
  6. implement measures to ensure the rule of law, human rights and freedoms, the protection of property and public order, and crime control;
  7. exercise any other powers vested in it by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal laws and presidential decrees.[4]

The government issues its acts in the way of decisions (Постановления) and orders (Распоряжения). These must not contradict the constitution, federal constitutional laws, federal laws, and Presidential decrees, and are signed by the Prime Minister.

Current Cabinet[edit]

The cabinet consists of the following members:[5]

 The Government of Russia
Federal Cabinet of Russia
Office Name Political party
Chairman of the Government Dmitry Medvedev United Russia
Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov United Russia
Minister of Internal Affairs Vladimir Kolokoltsev United Russia
Minister of Finance Anton Siluanov United Russia
Minister of Defense Sergei Shoygu United Russia
Minister of Emergency Situations Vladimir Puchkov
Minister of Justice Alexander Konovalov United Russia
Minister of Industry and Trade Denis Manturov United Russia
Minister for Economic Development Alexey Ulyukaev
Minister for Regional Development Igor Slyunyayev United Russia
Ministry of Health Veronika Skvortsova
Minister of Labour and Social Affairs Maxim Topilin United Russia
Minister of Education and Science Dmitry Livanov United Russia
Minister of Transport Maksim Sokolov United Russia
Minister for Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Sergey Donskoy
Minister of Energy Alexander Novak United Russia
Minister of Culture Vladimir Medinsky United Russia
Minister of Sports Vitaliy Mutko United Russia
Minister of Communications and Mass Media Nikolai Nikiforov United Russia
Minister of Agriculture Nikolay Fyodorov United Russia
Minister of Russian Far East Alexander Galushka
Minister for Crimean Affairs Oleg Savelyev
Offices with the status of Minister
Head of Commission for Open Government affairs Mikhail Abyzov United Russia
First Deputy Chairman, Head of 2014 Winter Olympics Commission Igor Shuvalov
Deputy Chairman and Head of the Government Administration Sergey Prikhodko United Russia
Deputy Chairman and Presidential Plenipotentiary Envoy to the North Caucasus Federal District Alexander Khloponin United Russia
Deputy Chairman and Presidential Plenipotentiary Envoy to the Far Eastern Federal District Yuri Trutnev United Russia
Deputy Chairman for industry and energy Arkady Dvorkovich United Russia
Deputy Chairman for Social Affairs Olga Golodets
Deputy Chairman Dmitry Kozak
Deputy Chairman for Defense Industries Dmitry Rogozin
Aid to Prime Minister Janna Odintsova[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]