Government of the Ryukyu Islands

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the government of the Ryukyu Islands under the United States Occupation. For the current government, see Okinawa Prefecture.

The Government of the Ryukyu Islands (琉球政府 Ryūkyū Seifu?) was the self-government of native Okinawans during the American occupation of Okinawa.[1] It was created by proclamation of the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands (USCAR) on April 1, 1952 and was abolished on May 14, 1972 when Okinawa was returned to Japan. The government consisted of an executive branch, a legislative branch, and a judicial branch. Members of legislature were elected. The legislature made its own laws, and often had conflicts with USCAR, who could overrule their decisions.

The government was headed by a Chief Executive (行政主席 Gyōsei Shuseki?). From 1952 to 1960, the Chief Executive was assigned by USCAR. He was then assigned the leader of the dominant party of the legislature (1960–66), elected in the legislature (1966–68), and elected by the citizens (1968–72).

Members of Government[edit]

Chief Executives[edit]

Name Period
Shūhei Higa April 1, 1952 – October 25, 1956
Jūgō Tōma November 11, 1956 – November 10, 1959
Seisaku Ōta November 11, 1959 – October 30, 1964
Seiho Matsuoka October 31, 1964 – November 30, 1968
Chōbyō Yara December 1, 1968 – May 14, 1972


  1. ^ "Yahoo!百科事典 サービス終了のお知らせ". Retrieved 2014-02-16.