Governor-General of Ceylon

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Governor-General of Ceylon
Former political post
Coat of Arms Ceylon dominion.svg
Coat of Arms of the Dominion of Ceylon
William Gopallawa.JPG
Predecessor Governor of British Ceylon
Successor President of Sri Lanka
First officeholder Henry Monck-Mason Moore
Last officeholder William Gopallawa
Style Excellency
Official residence Queen's House
Appointer Monarch of Ceylon
Office began 4 February 1948
Office ended 22 May 1972
Salary £8,000 a year
Standard of the Governor-General of Ceylon

The Governor-General of Ceylon was the representative of the Ceylonese monarch, and head of state, who held the title of Queen/King of Ceylon (as of 1952, Queen Elizabeth II) from 1948 when the country became independent as a Dominion until the country became the republic of Sri Lanka in 1972.[1]

Role[edit]

The monarch, on the advice of the Prime Minister, appointed a Governor-General to be his/her representative in Ceylon. Neither the monarch nor the Governor-General had any real authority in conducting the administration of the country (however, both possessed reserve powers under the constitution which would allow them full control of the nation's governance whenever in their opinion a case of emergency requiring such action arises). Real legislative and executive responsibilities rested with the elected representatives of the people. During several periods when a state of emergency was declared the Governor-General used his reserved powers.

The Governor-General represented the Monarch on ceremonial occasions such as the opening of Parliament, the presentation of honours and military parades. Under the Constitution, he was given authority to act in some matters, for example in appointing and disciplining officers of the civil service, in proroguing Parliament and so on, but only in a few cases was he empowered to act entirely on his own discretion. When the Monarch was present in Ceylon on official visits, the post of Governor-General ceased to exist during the said period.[citation needed] On the absence of the Governor-General, the Chief Justice of Ceylon became acting Governor-General.

History[edit]

There were four Governors-General who represented the Ceylonese Monarch.

Sir Henry Monck-Mason Moore became the last Governor of Ceylon and first Governor-General when the Ceylon Order in Council, the first constitution of independent Ceylon came into effect. He was followed by Lord Soulbury, thereafter by Sir Oliver Goonetilleke the first Ceylonese to be appointed to the post. When William Gopallawa was appointed as Governor-General in 1962, he discarded the ceremonial uniform of office.

When Ceylon became a republic in 1972 the post replaced by the office of President of Sri Lanka.

Residence[edit]

The official residence and office of the Governor-General was the Queen's House (currently the President's House) in Colombo. Other Governor-General residences include:

Governors-General of Ceylon[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Death Governor-General From Governor-General Until Sovereign
No image.png Sir Henry Monck-Mason Moore, GCMG, KStJ 1887 1964 4 February 1948 6 July 1949 George VI
No image.png Herwald Ramsbotham, 1st Viscount Soulbury, GCMG, GCVO, OBE, MC, PC 6 March 1887 30 January 1971 6 July 1949 195? George VI
Elizabeth II
No image.png Acting
Justice Arthur Wijewardena
21 March 1887 1964 195? 195? Elizabeth II
No image.png Herwald Ramsbotham, 1st Viscount Soulbury, GCMG, GCVO, OBE, MC, PC 6 March 1887 30 January 1971 195? 195? Elizabeth II
No image.png Acting
Justice C. Nagalingam, KC
25 October 1893 25 October 1958 1954 1954 Elizabeth II
No image.png Herwald Ramsbotham, 1st Viscount Soulbury, GCMG, GCVO, OBE, MC, PC 6 March 1887 30 January 1971 1954 17 July 1954 Elizabeth II
Sir Oliver Goonetilleke.gif Sir Oliver Ernest Goonetilleke, GCMG, KCVO, KBE 20 October 1892 17 December 1978 17 July 1954 2 March 1962 Elizabeth II
William Gopallawa.JPG William Gopallawa, MBE 17 September 1897 31 January 1981 2 March 1962 22 May 1972 Elizabeth II

Flag of the Governor-General[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ V "Ceylon Constitution Order in Council 1946". Tamilnation. Retrieved 9 November 2012.