The position of Governor–General of TaiwanTaiwan Sōtoku(臺灣總督?) existed when Taiwan (then known in English as Formosa) and the Pescadores were part of the Empire of Japan, from 1895 to 1945.
The Japanese Governors-General were members of the Diet, civilian officials, Japanese nobles or generals. They exercised their power on behalf of the Sovereign of Taiwan (the Emperor of Japan) until the dissolution of the Empire when the dominion was ceded to the Republic of China.
^Edward I-te Chen (1970). "Japanese Colonialism in Korea and Formosa: A Comparison of The Systems of Political Control". Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies (Harvard-Yenching Institute) 30: 126–158. doi:10.2307/2718768. JSTOR2718768.