List of heads of state of Tanzania

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This is a list of the heads of state of Tanzania from the independence of Tanganyika in 1961 to the present day.

From 1961 to 1962 the head of state under the Tanganyika Independence Act 1961 was the Monarch, who was the same person as the Monarch of the United Kingdom and of the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch was represented in Tanganyika by a Governor-General. Tanganyika became a republic under the Constitution of 1962 and the monarch and Governor-General were replaced by an executive President. After the Zanzibar Revolution in 1964, the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba united with mainland Tanganyika to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which was later renamed to the United Republic of Tanzania.

Monarch (1961–1962)[edit]

The succession to the throne of Tanganyika was the same as the succession to the throne of the United Kingdom, governed by the Act of Settlement 1701.

Monarch Reign Royal House Prime Minister(s)
# Portrait Name Reign start Reign end Duration
1 Queen Elizabeth II - 1953-Dress.JPG Queen Elizabeth II
(1926–)
9 December 1961 9 December 1962 1 year House of Windsor Nyerere
Kawawa

Governors-General[edit]

The Governor-General was the representative of the monarch in Tanganyika and exercised most of the powers of the monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of Tanganyika without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.

Status
  Denotes Chief Justice acting as Officer Administering the Government
Governor-General Term of Office Monarch(s) Prime Minister(s)
# Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Duration
1 No image.png Sir Richard Turnbull
(1909–1998)
9 December 1961 9 December 1962 1 year Elizabeth II Nyerere
Kawawa

President of Tanganyika[edit]

Under the 1962 Constitution, the first constitution of the Republic of Tanganyika, the President replaced the monarch as executive head of state. In the event of a vacancy the Speaker of the National Assembly served as Acting President.

Status
  Denotes Speaker of the National Assembly acting as President
President Term of office Political party
(at time of election)
# Portrait Name Took office Left office Duration
1 Julius Nyerere cropped.jpg Julius Nyerere
(1922–1999)
9 December 1962 29 October 1964 1 year, 325 days Tanganyika African National Union

President of Tanzania[edit]

Under the 1964 and 1977 Constitutions, the first constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania, the President replaced the President of Tanganyika and the President of Zanzibar as executive head of state. The President was elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy the Vice President served as Acting President.

Status
  Denotes Vice President acting as President
President Term of office Political party
(at time of election)
# Portrait Name Took office Left office Duration
1 Julius Nyerere cropped.jpg Julius Nyerere
(1922–1999)
1 November 1964 5 November 1985 21 years, 4 days Tanganyika African National Union (1964-77)
Chama Cha Mapinduzi (1977-85)
2 Ali Hassan Mwinyi.jpg Ali Hassan Mwinyi
(1925–)
5 November 1985 23 November 1995 10 years, 18 days Chama Cha Mapinduzi
3 Benjamin William Mkapa.jpg Benjamin Mkapa
(1938–)
23 November 1995 21 December 2005 10 years, 28 days Chama Cha Mapinduzi
4 Jakaya Kikwete.jpg Jakaya Kikwete
(1950–)
21 December 2005 Incumbent 8 years, 251 days
(as of 29 August 2014)
Chama Cha Mapinduzi

Living former heads of state[edit]

Name Term/Reign Office Date of birth
Elizabeth II 1961–1962 Queen of Tanganyika 21 April 1926
Ali Hassan Mwinyi 1985–1995 President of Tanzania 8 May 1925
Benjamin Mkapa 1995–2005 President of Tanzania 12 November 1938

External links[edit]