List of heads of state of Trinidad and Tobago

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This is a list of the heads of state of Trinidad and Tobago from the independence of Trinidad and Tobago in 1962 to the present day.

From 1962 to 1976 the head of state under the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962 was the Monarch, who was the same person as the Monarch of the United Kingdom and of the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch was represented in Trinidad and Tobago by a Governor-General. Trinidad and Tobago became a republic under the Constitution of 1976 and the monarch and Governor-General were replaced by a ceremonial President.

Monarch (1962–1976)[edit]

The succession to the throne of Trinidad and Tobago was the same as the succession to the throne of the United Kingdom, governed by the Act of Settlement 1701.

Monarch Reign Royal House Prime Minister(s)
# Portrait Name Reign start Reign end Duration
1 Queen Elizabeth II - 1953-Dress.JPG Queen Elizabeth II
(1926–)
31 August 1962 1 August 1976 13 years, 336 days House of Windsor Williams

Governors-General[edit]

The Governor-General was the representative of the monarch in Trinidad and Tobago and exercised most of the powers of the monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of Trinidad and Tobago without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.

Status
  Denotes Chief Justice acting as Officer Administering the Government
Governor-General Term of office Monarch(s) Prime Minister(s)
# Portrait Name Took office Left office Duration
1 Sir Solomon Hochoy.jpg Sir Solomon Hochoy
(1905–1983)
31 August 1962 15 September 1972 10 years, 15 days Elizabeth II Williams
2 Sir Ellis Clarke.jpg Sir Ellis Clarke
(1917–2010)
15 September 1972 1 August 1976 3 years, 321 days Elizabeth II Williams

President of Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

Under the 1976 Constitution, the constitution of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, the President replaced the monarch as ceremonial head of state. The President was elected by Parliament for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy the President of the Senate served as Acting President.

Status
  Denotes President of the Senate acting as President
President Term of office Political party
(at time of election)
Prime Minister(s)
# Portrait Name Took office Left office Duration
1 Sir Ellis Clarke.jpg Sir Ellis Clarke
(1917–2010)
1 August 1976 13 March 1987 10 years, 224 days Independent Williams
Chambers
Robinson
No image.png Michael J. Williams
(1929–)
13 March 1987 18 March 1987 5 days Independent Robinson
2 No image.png Noor Hassanali
(1918–2006)
18 March 1987 17 March 1997 9 years, 364 days Independent Robinson
Manning
Panaday
3 No image.png A. N. R. Robinson
(1926–)
17 March 1997 18 March 2003 6 years, 1 day Independent Panday
Manning
4 Professor George Maxwell Richards 1.jpg George Maxwell Richards
(1931–)
18 March 2003 18 March 2013 10 years Independent Manning
Persad-Bissessar
5 No image.png Anthony Carmona
(1953–)
18 March 2013 Incumbent 1 year, 114 days
(as of 10 July 2014)
Independent Persad-Bissessar

Living former heads of state[edit]

Name Term/Reign Office Date of birth
Elizabeth II 1962–1976 Queen of Trinidad and Tobago 21 April 1926
A. N. R. Robinson 1997–2003 President of Trinidad and Tobago 16 December 1926
George Maxwell Richards 2003–2013 President of Triniad and Tobago 1 December 1931
Michael J. Williams 1987 Acting President 16 October 1929

External links[edit]