Governor Ames

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The Governor Ames
The Governor Ames
Another view of the Governor Ames
Another view of the Governor Ames
Career
Namesake: Oliver Ames
Builder: Leavitt-Storer Shipyard, Waldoboro, Maine[1]
Cost: $75,000[1]
Launched: December 1, 1888
Fate: Wrecked off Cape Hatteras, December 13, 1909
General characteristics
Tonnage: 1,690 tons[1]
Length: 265 ft (81 m)[1]
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)[1]
Draught: 20 ft (6.1 m)[1]

The Governor Ames was the first five-masted schooner. In the late 19th century, she was the world's largest cargo vessel.

She was launched on December 1, 1888 by the Leavitt-Storer shipyard of Waldoboro, Maine, United States, and named after Oliver Ames (former Governor of Massachusetts).[2] The Governor Ames was owned and operated by the Atlantic Shipping Company based in Somerset, MA.

Although the Governor Ames was the first five-masted schooner, she was preceded by the five-masted Great Lakes barkentine David Dows, which was confusingly called a schooner despite having a square-rigged foremast. The David Dows was longer than the Governor Ames but otherwise smaller.

The schooner's first voyage, in ballast to Baltimore, Maryland, resulted in disaster on December 11, 1888 when the foremast snapped in high winds, taking the other masts with it and dismasting the Governor Ames completely. The anchor chain also broke, and the schooner ran aground on Georges Bank.[3]

Refloated and towed to port, the vessel was remasted with shorter masts,[4] following which it sailed from Maine to Buenos Aires in Argentina with a cargo of 1,896,000 board feet (4,470 m3) of spruce and pine lumber valued at $29,868, believed to be the largest or second largest cargo ever taken by an American vessel at the time.[5]

The lumber trade proving profitable, she was employed for the next five years in that trade, venturing far away from the Eastern seaboard and its coal trade for which she was built. She rounded Cape Horn to bring lumber to Redondo Beach, California and was then employed hauling lumber from Pacific ports to Australia. Returning to the waters of the Eastern United States via Cape Horn once more, she entered the coal trade finally in Fall 1894.[1]

On May 30, 1899, the Governor Ames grounded in eighteen feet of water near Key West, Florida.[6] With assistance from the tug Childs and other schooners and the jettisoning of 200 short tons (180 t) of coal, the Governor Ames was refloated the next afternoon without major damage.[7]

The Governor Ames was wrecked in a gale on December 13, 1909, four miles off Cape Hatteras on the North Carolina coast, having sailed on December 9 from Brunswick, Georgia bound for New York with a cargo of railroad ties piled high on her deck. The schooner was driven onto Wimble Shoals and broke up within two hours. Thirteen of the fourteen aboard perished, including the master, Captain King, and his wife. The sole survivor was one Joseph Speering of New York.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "The Five-masted Schooner Missing" (PDF). The New York Times. March 3, 1895. p. 14. 
  2. ^ Becker, Rick. "RBHS - Redondo Pier". Redondo Beach Historical Society. Retrieved 2008-04-16. … the five mast Schooner Governor Ames, then the largest cargo ship in the world … 
  3. ^ "An Unlucky Voyage" (PDF). The New York Times. December 17, 1888. p. 2. 
  4. ^ "A Big Lumber Schooner" (PDF). The New York Times. February 16, 1889. p. 1. 
  5. ^ "A Large Cargo of Lumber" (PDF). The New York Times. May 1, 1889. p. 12. 
  6. ^ "Schooner Governor Ames Ashore" (PDF). The New York Times. May 31, 1899. p. 12. 
  7. ^ "Schooner Governor Ames Floated" (PDF). The New York Times. May 31, 1899. p. 4. 
  8. ^ "Thirteen Lost in Schooner" (PDF). The New York Times. December 26, 1909. p. 1. 

Coordinates: 35°43′37″N 75°20′24″W / 35.727°N 75.340°W / 35.727; -75.340