Governor General's Foot Guards

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Governor General's Foot Guards
Governor General's Foot Guards (cap badge).png
Cap badge of the Governor General's Foot Guards
Active 1861-
Country Canada
Branch Militia/Canadian Army - Primary Reserves
Type Foot Guards
Role Light Role
Size One battalion
Part of Royal Canadian Infantry Corps
Garrison/HQ Ottawa
Motto Civitas et Princeps Cura Nostra (Our Care is Queen and Country)
March Quick: Milanollo
Slow: Figaro
Commanders
Current
commander
Lieutenant Colonel Kevin MacLean
Colonel-in-Chief The Queen
Colonel of
the Regiment
The Governor General of Canada
Insignia
Plume Red
Left side of Bearskin cap
Abbreviation GGFG

The Governor General's Foot Guards is one of three Household regiments in the Primary Reserve of the Canadian Army, along with The Governor General's Horse Guards and the Canadian Grenadier Guards. The GGFG is the most senior militia infantry regiment in Canada.

"Civitas et Princeps Cura Nostra" is the official motto of the regiment. It can be translated as "Our Care is Queen and Country".

The regiment has an operational role that encompasses both the territorial defence of Canada and supporting regular Canadian forces overseas. In addition to this, it also performs a ceremonial role similar to that of the Guards regiments of the British Army, mounting the guard on Parliament Hill and at Rideau Hall in Ottawa, a task it shares with the Canadian Grenadier Guards. (See Ceremonial Guard) The regimental dress uniform has buttons in pairs similar to the Coldstream Guards with a red plume worn on the left side of their bearskin. The red plume is of different material and lengths, dependent on the rank of the soldier.

The Governor General's Foot Guards were formally allied with the Coldstream Guards of the United Kingdom (General Order 106 of 1929) after being informally allied with them since the formation of the Regiment.

The Governor General's Foot Guards perpetuate the 2nd Canadian Battalion (Eastern Ontario Regiment), CEF, and 77th (Ottawa) Battalion, CEF.[1]

Lineage[edit]

The Governor General's Foot Guards originated in Ottawa, Ontario on 7 June 1872 as the 1st Battalion Governor General's Foot Guards. It was redesignated as the Governor General's Foot Guards on 16 September 1887, as The Governor General's Foot Guards on 1 April 1896, as the 2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Governor General's Foot Guards on 7 November 1941 as The Governor General's Foot Guards on 31 January 1946, The Governor General's Foot Guards (5th Battalion, The Canadian Guards) on 1 September 1954, as the Governor General's Foot Guards (5th Battalion, The Canadian Guards) on 25 April 1958 and finally Governor General's Foot Guards on 1 September 1976.[2]

Operational History[edit]

North-West Rebellion[edit]

The 1st Battalion Governor General's Foot Guards mobilized a single company for active service on 10 April 1885. It served in the Battleford Column of the North West Field Force. The company was removed from active service on 24 July 1885.[3]

South African War[edit]

The regiment contributed volunteers for the various Canadian Contingents, mainly the 2nd (Special Service) Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry.[4]

The Great War[edit]

Details of the Governor General's Foot Guards were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.[5]

The 2nd Battalion (Eastern Ontario Regiment), CEF was authorized on 10 August 1914 and embarked for Great Britain on 26 September 1914. It disembarked in France on 11 February 1915, where it fought as part of the 1st Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war. The battalion was disbanded on 15 September 1920.[6]

The 77th Battalion (Ottawa), CEF was authorized on 10 July 1915 and embarked for Great Britain on 19 June 1916. It provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 22 September 1916, when its personnel were absorbed by the 47th Battalion (British Columbia), CEF and 73rd Battalion (Royal Highlanders of Canada), CEF and the battalion was disbanded.[7]

The Second World War[edit]

Details from the regiment were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939, as The Governor General's Foot Guards, CASF (Details), for local protection duties. The details were disbanded on 31 December 1940.[8]

The regiment mobilized The Governor General's Foot Guards, CASF for active service on 24 May 1940. It was subsequently redesignated the 1st Battalion, The Governor General's Foot Guards, CASF on 7 November 1940. On 26 January 1942, it was converted to armour and redesignated as the 21st Armoured Regiment (The Governor General's Foot Guards), CAC, CASF and the 21st Armoured Regiment (The Governor General's Foot Guards), RCAC, CASF on 2 August 1945. It embarked for Great Britain on 23 September 1942. On 24 July 1944, it landed in France as part of the 4th Armoured Brigade, 4th Canadian Armoured Division, and it continued to fight in North-West Europe until the end of the war. The overseas regiment was disbanded on 31 January 1946.[9]

Legacy[edit]

The No 1 Company Governor Generals Foot Guards and the Ladies Soldiers Aid Association of Ottawa erected a memorial tablet which was unveiled on May 2, 1887; The memorial is dedicated to the memory of Privates J. Rogers and Wm. B. Osgood who fell in action at Cut Knife Hill on May 2, 1885.[10]

A memorial plaque in the Governor General's Foot Guards Regimental Museum is dedicated to the memory of the 5326 Officers and Men who served in the 2nd Canadian Infantry Battalion Canadian Expeditionary force during the Great War 1914-1918.[11]

A Second-World War era Sherman tank nicknamed "Forceful III" in the Canadian War Museum, is dedicated to the memory of the member of the Governor General's Foot Guards killed during the Second World War while operating as an armoured regiment. [12]

Rank names[edit]

Governor General's Foot Guards, 1875
Viscount Willingdon inspecting the Governor General's Foot Guards, 1927
Governor General's Foot Guards, 1944
Ensign 
Second Lieutenants in Guard regiments are referred by their former title of ensign (Esgn). The name derives from the task the newest joined officers were entrusted with, carrying the ensign or colours.
Colour sergeant 
Warrant Officers in Guard regiments are called by their former title of colour sergeant (CSgt). This rank originated from the appointment of specific sergeants to escort and defend the colours.
Guardsman 
Upon successful completion of recruit training soldiers are to be addressed as guardsman (Gdsm). King George V awarded this honour in 1918 to mark the service of regiments of Foot Guards during the First World War. General Order 138 of 1928 promulgates this honour.
Musician 
Upon successful completion of recruit training members of the band are addressed as musician (Muscn).

Governor General's Foot Guards Regimental Museum[edit]

Governor General's Foot Guards Regimental Museum
Location Canada
Type Regimental Museum

The museum collects, preserves, studies and exhibits those objects that serve to illustrate the history and traditions of the Regiment. The museum will collect materials that depict the regiment’s past in terms of war, ceremonial, training, sport and other affairs that have influenced the Regiment over the years. The museum will provide for the preservation of such material and for its availability to all those who wish to see and study it. The museum will be a non-profit educational establishment, operated for the Regiment and open to the public, regardless of race, creed, or occupation. The museum will disseminate knowledge and stimulate interest through materials, information services by holding meetings and arranging special programs for the regiment, the association and the public for the furtherance of the purpose of the museum. The museum co-operates with the regiment, association, the National War Museum and other museums as well as the Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton, to collect and preserve materials of significance so that these materials may be preserved and aid in the advancement of knowledge of the Regiment.[13] The Guards' museum holds many artifacts from throughout the history of the regiment. Some of the artifacts displayed are a captured German trench periscope, various firearms from past wars including a Second World War–era German MG42, and a copy of Mein Kampf signed by Adolf Hitler. Also on display are several books containing photographs from World War II. The museum is located in the south end of the Cartier Square Drill Hall and is open on parade nights or by appointment.

The Regimental Colour of the Governor General's Foot Guards.

Battle honours[edit]

The camp flag of the Governor General's Foot Guards.

Victoria Cross recipients[edit]

2nd Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force
Pozières, France
September 9, 1916
2nd Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force
Hill 70, France
August 18, 1917

- Awarded posthumously

Order of precedence[edit]

Preceded by
Royal 22e Régiment
The Governor General's Foot Guards Succeeded by
The Canadian Grenadier Guards

Alliances[edit]

Arms[edit]

Arms of Governor General's Foot Guards
Motto
CIVITAS ET PRINCEPS CURA NOSTRA; Meaning “Our country and ruler are our concern”.
Banner
Governor General's Foot Guards (cap badge).png
Symbolism
The badge is based on the star of the Order of the Garter, which is used as the cap star of the Coldstream Guards, an allied regiment whose uniform, with minor differences, is worn by the Governor General’s Foot Guards. “CIVITAS ET PRINCEPS CURA NOSTRA” is the motto of the regiment.

Drill Hall[edit]

Site Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
Cartier Square Drill Hall 1879 Classified - 1985 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Ottawa, Ontario large centrally located building with a low-pitched gable roof houses The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Duke of Edinburgh's Own) and The Governor General's Foot Guards Cartier Square, Drill Hall.jpg

Further Reading[edit]

  • Governor General's Foot Guards, Ottawa. Seventy-Fifth Anniversary, June 8. 1872-1947. by Governor General's Foot Guards. (1947)
  • The Regimental History of the Governor General's Foot Guards, Ottawa 1872-1946 by Captain W. B. And Others from Governor General's Foot Guards (Jan 1 1948)
  • Souvenir Program. Governor General's Foot Guards (5th Battalion, Canadian Guards). Presentation of Colours by Governor General's Foot Guards. (1959)
  • Governor General's Foot Guards Centennial 1872-1972 by n/a (1972)
  • Steady the Buttons Two By Two : Governor General's Foot Guards Regimental History 125th Anniversary by Captain Robert M. et al Foster (1999)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  2. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  3. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  4. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  5. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  6. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  7. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  8. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  9. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  10. ^ "Cut Knife Hill Memorial". National Inventory of Military Memorials. National Defence Canada. 2008-04-16. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ "2nd Canadian Infantry Battalion Canadian Expeditionary force Memorial". National Inventory of Military Memorials. National Defence Canada. 2008-04-16. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  12. ^ Forceful III
  13. ^ A-AD-266-000/AG-001 Canadian Forces Museums – Operations and Administration 2002-04-03
  14. ^ "South-West Asia Theatre Honours". Office of the Prime Minister of Canada. Retrieved 11 May 2014. 
  • Ducimus, The Regiments of the Canadian Infantry. St. Hubert, Quebec, Canada: Mobile Command Headquarters, Canadian Armed Forces. 1992. p. 248p. ISBN 0-9696421-0-5. 

External links[edit]