Governor-General of Tuvalu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Governor General of Tuvalu)
Jump to: navigation, search
Governor-General of Tuvalu
Coat of arms of Tuvalu.svg
Coat of Arms of Tuvalu
Incumbent
Sir Iakoba Italeli
GCMG

since 16 April 2010
Viceroy
Style His Excellency
Appointer Queen Elizabeth II
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
Formation 1 October 1978
First holder Sir Fiatau Penitala Teo
Standard of the Governor-General of Tavalu
Coat of arms of Tuvalu.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Tuvalu

The Governor-General of Tuvalu is the representative of the Tuvaluan monarch (currently Queen Elizabeth II) and performs the duties of the Queen in her absence.

History[edit]

The office has existed since Tuvalu was granted independence from the United Kingdom on 1 October 1978. The current (as of 2013) incumbent is Iakoba Italeli.[1]

Governors-general of Tuvalu[edit]

# Incumbent Tenure Ref(s)
Took office Left office
1 Sir Fiatau Penitala Teo 1 October 1978 1 March 1986 [2]
2 Sir Tupua Leupena 1 March 1986 1 October 1990 [3]
3 Sir Toaripi Lauti 1 October 1990 1 December 1993
4 Sir Tomu Sione1 1 December 1993 21 June 1994 [3]
5 Sir Tulaga Manuella 21 June 1994 26 June 1998
6 Sir Tomasi Puapua 26 June 1998 9 September 2003 [3]
7 Faimalaga Luka2 9 September 2003 15 April 2005
8 Sir Filoimea Telito 15 April 2005 19 March 2010 [4]
N/A3 Sir Kamuta Latasi 19 March 2010 16 April 2010
9 Sir Iakoba Italeli 16 April 2010 Incumbent

Constitutional status of the governor general[edit]

The Monarchy of Tuvalu exists in a framework of a parliamentary representative democracy. As a constitutional monarch, The Queen acts entirely on the advice of her Government ministers in Tuvalu.[5] The Head of State is recognised in section 50 of the Constitution of Tuvalu, as a symbol of the unity and identity of Tuvalu. The powers of the Head of State are set out in section 52 (1) of the Constitution.[6][7]

Part IV of the Constitution confirms the Head of State of Tuvalu is Queen Elizabeth II as the Sovereign of Tuvalu and provides for the rules for succession to the Crown. As set out in section 54 of the Constitution, the Queen’s representative is the governor general. Section 58 of the Constitution requires the governor general to perform the functions of the Head of State when the Sovereign is outside Tuvalu or otherwise incapacitated. The governor general of Tuvalu is appointed by the monarch upon the advice of the Prime Minister of Tuvalu.

Reserve powers of the office[edit]

The position is largely ceremonial. However the holder has constitutional responsibilities and reserve powers in relation to the ordering Parliament to convene and the appointment and dismissal of the Prime Minister of Tuvalu.[6][7] The Governor-General Iakoba Italeli was called on to exercise the reserve powers when Prime Minister Willy Telavi refused to recall the Parliament of Tuvalu after the Nukufetau by-election, 2013. A constitutional crisis developed when Prime Minister Telavi responded that, under the Constitution, he was only required to convene Parliament once a year, and was thus under no obligation to summon it until December 2013.[8] Tuvalu's opposition then requested the Governor-General to intervene against the Prime Minister's decision.[9] On 3 July, Italeli exercised his reserve powers in ordering Parliament to convene, against the Prime Minister's wishes, on 30 July.[10]

When the Parliament met on 30 July, the Speaker (Kamuta Latasi) refused to allow a debate on a no-confidence motion in the government of Willy Telavi. After further political maneuvers,[11] the Governor-General, Iakoba Italeli, then proceeded to exercise his reserve powers to order Telavi to stand down as prime minister and appointed Enele Sopoaga as interim prime minister.[12] The Governor-General also ordered that Parliament sit on Friday 2 August to allow a vote of no-confidence in Telavi and his government.[13] Telavi then proceeded to write to Queen Elizabeth II (as the head of state of Tuvalu) informing her that he was dismissing Italeli from his position as Governor-General.[12]

The constitutional crisis was resolved by a motion of no confidence in the government of Willy Tevali, which was held on 2 August 2013: the voting was eight for the motion, four against and one abstention.[14] On 4 August the Parliament elected Enele Sopoaga as Prime Minister.[14] [15] [16]

Notes
  1. ^ Sione stood for parliament after leaving his post.
  2. ^ The only governor-general not to accept a knighthood.
  3. ^ Latasi served as acting governor-general.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "HE Sir Iakoba Taeia Italeli, GCMG". Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  2. ^ Brij V. Lal, Kate Fortune (2000). The Pacific Islands: An Encyclopedia. University of Hawaii Press. p. 282. 
  3. ^ a b c Craig, Robert D. (2010). Historical Dictionary of Polynesia. Scarecrow Press. 
  4. ^ "State Funeral of the late former Governor General of Tuvalu, Reverend Sir Filoimea Telito, GCMG, MBE". Tuvalu Philatelic Bureau Newsletter (TPB: 01/2011). 25 July 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "The Queen’s Role in Tuvalu". Official website of the British Monarchy. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "The Constitution of Tuvalu". PACLII. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "The Constitution of Tuvalu". Tuvalu Islands. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  8. ^ "Parliament needs one yearly meeting only says defiant Tuvalu PM". Radio New Zealand International. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  9. ^ Coutts, Geraldine (2 July 2013). "Tuvalu opposition demands parliament be allowed to sit after weekend by-election". Radio Australia. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  10. ^ Matau, Robert (3 July 2013). "Tuvalu’s parliament convenes July 30". Islands Business. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  11. ^ Matau, Robert (5 August 2013). "Tuvalu govt bombshells". Islands Business. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "Dismissal crisis rocks Tuvalu". Sydney Morning Herald. 2 August 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Cooney, Campbell (1 August 2013). "Tuvalu government faces constitutional crisis". Australia News Network. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  14. ^ a b Cooney, Campbell (4 August 2013). "Tuvalu parliament elects new prime minister". Australia News Network. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  15. ^ Cooney, Campbell (5 August 2013). "Sopoaga elected new PM in Tuvalu". Radio Australia. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  16. ^ "Enele Sopoaga Sworn-in Today as Tuvalu’s New PM". Islands Business. 5 August 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2013.