Under the Political Constitution of the Free and Sovereign State of Durango, the exercise of the Executive authority of this Mexican government unit is reserved for an individual known as the Constitutional Governor of the Free and Sovereign State of Durango. This post is held for a period of 6 years, and no re-election is permitted. The governor's term begins on September 15 of the year of the election and finishes on September 14 after having passed six years. The post is open to all citizens meeting the following criteria: a natural born citizen of Mexico, at least 30 years of age, and a resident of Durango for an unbroken period of 5 years prior to election.
Governors of the Free and Sovereign State of Durango