List of Governors of Edinburgh Castle

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Edinburgh Castle

The Governor of Edinburgh Castle, also sometimes known as the Keeper or Captain, had overall control of the Royal castle of Edinburgh, Scotland. The Governor was usually assisted by a Deputy-Governor and a Constable, the latter being under the command of the Lord High Constable of Scotland. The Governor had lodgings within the Castle, with a Governor's House being built in 1742. Although the post was never formally abolished, Governors ceased to be appointed after the death of Henry Dundas, 3rd Viscount Melville in 1876. The office was revived in 1936 as an honorary title for the General Officer Commanding of Scottish Command.[1]

Governors of Edinburgh Castle[edit]

George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, Governor from 1714 to 1737
John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun, Governor from 1763 to 1782
Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton, Governor from 1782 to 1796

The castle was in English hands from 1291 to 1314, during the Wars of Scottish Independence

Following the Castle's recapture by the Scots under Sir William Douglas in 1314, it was slighted and unused until the English returned in 1333.

The castle was again recaptured by the Scots in 1341.

Modern governors[edit]

General Sir Neil Ritchie, Governor from 1945 to 1947

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34268. p. 1974. 27 March 1936. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
  2. ^ "The British compendium; or, Rudiments of honour: Containing the origin of the Scots, and succession of their kings for above 2000 years;". 
  3. ^ Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). Published in 1994. Pages 194 - 195.
  4. ^ "Inverurie and the Earldom of the Garioch". 
  5. ^ "The Annual Biography and Obituary for the Year ...". 
  6. ^ "A Picturesque Promenade Round Dorking, in Surrey". 
  7. ^ "A Short View of the Families of the Scottish Nobility". 
  8. ^ Gray, p.29
  9. ^ a b c d e f Gray, p. 31
  10. ^ Gray, p. 29
  11. ^ Paul, vol.3: p.10
  12. ^ Paul, vol.5: p.38
  13. ^ Balfour Paul, vol VIII, p.263
  14. ^ Paul, vol.5: p.38
  15. ^ His name with these dates appears on the board listing Governors in The Great Hall of Edinburgh Castle. http://www.tripadvisor.com/LocationPhotoDirectLink-g186525-d187653-i72430972-Edinburgh_Castle-Edinburgh_Scotland.html
  16. ^ Cockayne, G.E., edited by the Hon. Vicary Gibbs & H. Arthur Doubleday, The Complete Peerage, vol.iii, London, 1913, p.537-8 & notes.
  17. ^ Cockburn-Hood, Thomas H.,The House of Cockburn of that Ilk and Cadets Thereof,Edinburgh, 1888, pps:257-9.
  18. ^ Paul, vol.2: p.95
  19. ^ Gray, p.34
  20. ^ Gray, p.35
  21. ^ Anderson, pp383-384
  22. ^ Paul, vol.5: pp.612-615
  23. ^ a b Gray, p.36
  24. ^ Gray, p.38
  25. ^ Gray, p.47
  26. ^ Paul, vol.5: pp.81-82: HMC 60, Mar & Kellie, supplement, (1930), p.32
  27. ^ a b Gray, p.48
  28. ^ Gray, pp.49-50
  29. ^ "Patrick Ruthven". 
  30. ^ Paul, vol.5: pp.81-82
  31. ^ Gray, p.50
  32. ^ Gray, p.53
  33. ^ Gray, p.57
  34. ^ a b c Gray, p.58
  35. ^ Paul, vol.3: p.401
  36. ^ Paul, vol.1: p.372
  37. ^ Gray, p.65
  38. ^ Gray, p.67
  39. ^ Paul, vol.7: p.261
  40. ^ The London Gazette: no. 8453. p. 2. 27 July 1745.
  41. ^ Gray, p.74
  42. ^ a b Gray, p.75
  43. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13948. p. 1062. 5 November 1796.
  44. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15400. p. 1035. 22 August 1801.
  45. ^ The London Gazette: no. 18415. p. 2361. 16 November 1827.
  46. ^ The London Gazette: no. 19398. p. 1249. 8 July 1836.
  47. ^ The London Gazette: no. 19467. p. 377. 17 February 1837.
  48. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20095. p. 1172. 29 April 1842.
  49. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20711. p. 918. 5 March 1847.
  50. ^ "Thomas Ernest Napier". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  51. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22349. p. 10. 24 January 1860.
  52. ^ "Cameron, Sir Archibald Rice (1870-1944), General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  53. ^ "Papers of Gen Sir Charles John Cecil Grant, KCB, KCVO, DSO (1877-1950)". Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  54. ^ "Carrington, Sir (Robert) Harold (1882-1964), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  55. ^ "Christison, Sir (Alexander Frank) Philip (1893-1993), General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  56. ^ "MacMillan of MacMillan, Sir Gordon Holmes Alexander (1897-1986), General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  57. ^ "Barber, Sir Colin Muir (1897-1964), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  58. ^ "Collingwood, Sir (Richard) George (1903-1986), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  59. ^ "Turner, Sir William Francis Robert (1907-1989), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  60. ^ "Lennox, Sir George (Charles) Gordon (1908-1988), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  61. ^ "Lang, Sir Derek (Boileau) (b 1913), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  62. ^ "Leask, Sir Henry (Lowther Ewart Clark) (born 1913), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  63. ^ "Barrett, Sir David (William) Scott- (born 1922), Lieutenant General". Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  64. ^ "Lt-Gen Sir David Young". Glasgow Herald. 18 January 2000. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  65. ^ "Lt. General Sir Norman Arthur". Frost's Scottish Who's Who. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  66. ^ "Major-General Michael Scott". Buckingham Covers. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  67. ^ "Old soldier takes castle by storm". Glasgow Herald. 29 November 1997. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  68. ^ "Debrett's People of Today". Debrett. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  69. ^ The London Gazette: no. 55778. p. 2333. 1 March 2000. Retrieved 2008-12-16.
  70. ^ The London Gazette: no. 56828. p. 927. 24 January 2003. Retrieved 2008-12-16.
  71. ^ The London Gazette: no. 57442. p. 13163. 19 October 2004. Retrieved 2008-12-16.
  72. ^ The London Gazette: no. 58330. p. 7193. 18 May 2007. Retrieved 2008-12-16.
  73. ^ "Army Officer becomes Governor of Edinburgh Castle". Ministry of Defence. 22 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  74. ^ "New Scots Army Chief takes up post". STV. 26 October 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  75. ^ "Scotland's Army Head installed as Edinburgh Castle Governor". Ministry of Defence. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gray, W. Forbes (1948). A Short History of Edinburgh Castle. Edinburgh: Moray Press. 
  • Paul, Sir James Balfour (1904). The Scots Peerage. Edinburgh: David Douglas. 
  • Anderson, John (1825). Historical and genealogical memoirs of the House of Hamilton. Edinburgh.