Governor of Macau

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Governor of Macau
Governador de Macau
澳門總督
Flag of Portuguese Colony Governor.svg
Standard of the Governor
Style His/Her Excellency
Residence Government House, Macau
Nominator Prime Minister of Portugal
Appointer Monarch of Portugal (1623–1910)
President of Portugal (1910–1999)
Inaugural holder Francisco Mascarenhas
Formation 7 July 1623
Final holder Vasco Joaquim Rocha Vieira
Abolished 20 December 1999

The Governor of Macau (Portuguese: Governador de Macau; Chinese: 澳門總督) was a Portuguese colonial official who headed the colony of Macau, before 1623 called Captain-major (Portuguese: Capitão-mor). The post was replaced on 20 December 1999 upon the transfer of the sovereignty of Macau to the People's Republic of China by the office of the Chief Executive of Macau.

Powers of the Governor of Macau[edit]

The Governor of Macau was responsible for the internal and local control of the colony. External relations and military needs were dealt by the Portuguese government in Lisbon.

List of Captains-Major and Governors of Macau (1557–1999)[edit]

The date refer to the date of appointment.

Captains-Major[edit]

Captains-Major Tenure
Francisco Martins 1557–1558
Leonel de Sousa 1558–1559
Rui Barreto 1559–1560
Manuel de Mendonça 1560–1561
Fernão de Sousa 1561–1562
Pêro Barreto Rolim 1562–1563
Diogo Pereira 1563–1565
João Pedro Pereira 1565–1566
Simão de Mendonça (1st time) 1566–1567
Tristão Vaz da Veiga (1st time) 1567–1568
António de Sousa 1568–1569
Manuel Travassos 1569–1571
Tristão Vaz da Veiga (2nd time) 1571–1572
João de Almeida (1st time) 1572–1573
António de Vilhena 1573–1574
Simão de Mendonça (2nd time) 1574–1575
Vasco Pereira 1575–1576
Domingos Monteiro (1st time) 1576–1579
Leonel de Brito 1579–1580
Miguel da Gama 1580–1581
Inácio de Lima 1581–1582
João de Almeida (2nd time) 1582–1583
Aires Gonçalves de Miranda 1583–1585
Francisco Pais 1585–1586
Domingos Monteiro (2nd time) 1586–1587
Jerónimo Pereira 1587–1589
... 1589
Henrique da Costa 1590–1591
Roque de Melo Pereira 1591–1592
Domingos Monteiro (3rd time) 1592–1593
Gaspar Pinto da Rocha 1593–1594
... 1594
Manuel de Miranda 1595–1596
Rui Mendes de Figueiredo 1596–1597
... 1597
Nuno de Mendonça 1598–1599
Paulo de Portugal 1599–1603
Gonçalo Rodrigues de Sousa 1603–1604
João Caiado de Gamboa 1604–1605
Diogo de Vasconcelos de Meneses 1605–1607
André Pessoa 1607–1609
... 1609
Pedro Martim Gaio 1609–1611
Miguel de Sousa Pimentel 1611–1612
João Serrão da Cunha 1612–1614
Martim da Cunha 1614–1616
Francisco Lopes Carrasco 1616–1617
Lopo Sarmento de Carvalho (1st time) 1617–1618
António de Oliveira de Morais 1618–1619
Jerónimo de Macedo de Carvalho 1619–1621
Lopo Sarmento de Carvalho (2nd time) 1621–1623

Governors[edit]

Governors Tenure
Francisco Mascarenhas 7 July 1623 – 19 July 1626
Filipe Lobo and Jerónimo da Silveira 19 July 1626 – 1 December 1631
Manuel da Câmara de Noronha 1 December 1631 – August 1636
Domingos da Câmara de Noronha August 1636 – August 1638
Sebastião Lobo da Silveira August 1638 – August 1645
Luís de Carvalho e Sousa August 1645 – August 1647
João Pereira August 1647 – August 1650
João de Sousa Pereira August 1650 – August 1654
Manuel Tavares Bocarro August 1654 – 22 July 1664
Manuel Borges da Silva 22 July 1664 – 31 August 1667
Álvaro da Silva 31 August 1667 – 20 July 1670
Manuel Borges da Silva 20 July 1670 – 20 July 1672
António Barbosa Lobo 20 July 1672 – 10 December 1678
António de Castro Sande 10 December 1678 – 10 December 1679
Luís de Melo Sampaio 10 December 1679 – 10 December 1682
Belchior do Amaral de Meneses 10 December 1682 – 5 July 1685
António de Mesquita Pimentel 5 July 1685 – 31 July 1688
André Coelho Vieira 31 July 1688 – 21 July 1691
Francisco da Costa 21 July 1691 – 23 November 1693
António da Silva e Melo 23 November 1693 – 21 July 1694
Gil Vaz Lobo Freire 21 July 1694 – 17 August 1697
Cosme Rodrigues de Carvalho e Sousa 17 August 1697 – 28 September 1697
Municipal Council of Macau 28 September 1697 – 9 August 1698
Pedro Vaz de Sequeira 9 August 1698 – 5 August 1700
Diogo de Melo Sampaio 5 August 1700 – 22 July 1702
Pedro Vaz de Sequeira 22 July 1702 – 15 August 1703
José da Gama Machado 15 August 1703 – 5 August 1706
Diogo do Pinho Teixeira 5 August 1706 – 28 July 1710
Francisco de Melo e Castro 28 July 1710 – 11 June 1711
António de Sequeira de Noronha 11 June 1711 – 18 July 1714
Francisco de Alarcão Sotto-Maior 18 July 1714 – 30 May 1718
António de Albuquerque Coelho 30 May 1718 – 9 September 1719
António da Silva Telo e Meneses 9 September 1719 – 19 August 1722
Cristóvão de Severim Manuel 19 August 1722 – 6 September 1724
António Carneiro de Alcáçova 6 September 1724 – 6 September 1727
António Moniz Barreto 6 September 1727 – 18 August 1732
António de Amaral Meneses 18 August 1732 – 15 January 1735
João do Casal 15 January 1735 – 4 August 1735
Cosme Damião Pinto Pereira 4 August 1735 – 25 August 1738
Diogo Pereira 25 August 1738 – 25 August 1743
António de Mendonça Corte-Real 25 August 1743 – 30 August 1747
José Plácido de Matos Saraiva 30 August 1747 – 2 August 1749
Diogo Fernandes Salema e Saldanha 2 August 1749 – 29 July 1752
Rodrigo de Castro 29 July 1752 – 14 July 1755
Francisco António Pereira Coutinho 14 July 1755 – 1 July 1758
Diogo Pereira de Castro 1 July 1758 – 4 July 1761
António de Mendonça Corte-Real 4 July 1761 – 14 July 1764
José Plácido de Matos Saraiva 14 July 1764 – 19 August 1767
Diogo Fernandes Salema e Saldanha 19 August 1767 – 29 July 1770
Rodrigo de Castro 29 July 1770 – 26 July 1771
Diogo Fernandes Salema e Saldanha 26 July 1771 – 27 January 1778
Alexandre da Silva Pedrosa Guimarães 27 January 1778 – 1 August 1778
José Vicente da Silveira Meneses 1 August 1778 – 5 January 1780
António José da Costa 5 January 1780 – 28 August 1781
Francisco de Castro 28 August 1781 – 18 August 1783
Bernardo Aleixo de Lemos e Faria 18 August 1783 – 21 July 1788
Francisco Xavier de Mendonça Corte-Real 21 July 1788 – 18 July 1789
Lázaro da Silva Ferreira and Manuel António Costa Ferreira 18 July 1789 – 29 July 1790
Vasco Luís Carneiro de Sousa e Faro 29 July 1790 – 27 July 1793
José Manuel Pinto 27 July 1793 – 8 August 1797
Cristóvão Pereira de Castro 8 August 1797 – 8 August 1800
José Manuel Pinto 8 August 1800 – 8 August 1803
Caetano de Sousa Pereira 8 August 1803 – 8 August 1806
Bernardo Aleixo de Lemos e Faria 8 August 1806 – 26 December 1808
Lucas José de Alvarenga 26 December 1808 – 19 July 1810
Bernardo Aleixo de Lemos e Faria 19 July 1810 – 19 July 1814
Lucas José de Alvarenga 19 July 1814 – 19 July 1817
José Osório de Castro de Albuquerque 19 July 1817 – 19 August 1822
Major Paulino da Silva Barbosa 19 August 1822 – 23 September 1823
Government Council 23 September 1823 – 28 July 1825
Joaquim Mourão Garcez Palha 28 July 1825 – 15 November 1827
Government Council 15 November 1827 – 7 July 1830
João Cabral de Estefique 7 July 1830 – 3 July 1833
Bernardo José de Sousa Soares Andrea 3 July 1833 – 22 February 1837
Adrião Acácio da Silveira Pinto 22 February 1837 – 3 October 1843
José Gregório Pegado 3 October 1843 – 21 April 1846
João Maria Ferreira do Amaral 21 April 1846 – 22 August 1849
Government Council 22 August 1849 – 30 May 1850
Pedro Alexandrino da Cunha 30 May 1850 – 7 July 1850
Government Council 7 July 1850 – 3 February 1851
Francisco António Gonçalves Cardoso 3 February 1851 – 19 November 1851
Isidoro Francisco Guimarães 19 November 1851 – 22 June 1863
José Rodrigues Coelho do Amaral 22 June 1863 – 26 October 1866
José Maria da Ponte e Horta 26 October 1866 – 3 August 1868
António Sérgio de Sousa 3 August 1868 – 23 March 1872
José Maria Lobo de Ávila 23 March 1872 – 31 December 1876
Carlos Eugénio Correia da Silva 31 December 1876 – 28 November 1879
Joaquim José da Graça 28 November 1879 – 23 April 1883
Tomás de Sousa Rosa 23 April 1883 – 7 August 1886
Firmino José da Costa 7 August 1886 – 5 February 1889
Francisco Teixeira da Silva 5 February 1889 – 16 October 1890
Custódio Miguel de Borja 16 October 1890 – 24 March 1894
José Maria de Sousa Horta e Costa 24 March 1894 – 12 May 1897
Eduardo Augusto Rodrigues Galhardo 12 May 1897 – 12 August 1900
José Maria de Sousa Horta e Costa 12 August 1900 – 17 December 1902
Arnaldo de Novais Guedes Rebelo 17 December 1902 – 10 December 1903
Government Council 10 December 1903 – 5 April 1904
Martinho Pinto de Queirós Montenegro 5 April 1904 – 6 April 1907
Pedro de Azevedo Coutinho 6 April 1907 – 18 August 1908
José Augusto Alves Roçadas 18 August 1908 – 22 September 1909
Eduardo Augusto Marques 22 September 1909 – 17 December 1910
Álvaro de Melo Machado 17 December 1910 – 14 July 1912
Aníbal Augusto Sanches de Miranda 14 July 1912 – 10 June 1914
José Carlos da Maia 10 June 1914 – 5 September 1916
Manuel Ferreira da Rocha and Agostinho Vieira de Matos 5 September 1916 – 12 October 1918
Artur Tamagnini de Sousa Barbosa 12 October 1918 – 23 August 1919
Henrique Monteiro Correia da Silva 23 August 1919 – 5 January 1923
Rodrigo José Rodrigues 5 January 1923 – 18 October 1925
Manuel Firmino de Almeida Maia Magalhães 18 October 1925 – 8 December 1926
Artur Tamagnini de Sousa Barbosa 8 December 1926 – 30 March 1931
Joaquim Anselmo de Mata Oliveira 30 March 1931 – 21 June 1932
António José Bernardes de Miranda 21 June 1932 – 11 April 1937
Artur Tamagnini de Sousa Barbosa 11 April 1937 – 29 October 1940
Gabriel Maurício Teixeira 29 October 1940 – 1 September 1947
Albano Rodrigues de Oliveira 1 September 1947 – 23 November 1951
Joaquim Marques Esparteiro 23 November 1951 – 8 March 1957
Pedro Correia de Barros 8 March 1957 – 18 September 1959
Jaime Silvério Marques 18 September 1959 – 17 April 1962
António Lopes dos Santos 17 April 1962 – 25 November 1966
José Manuel de Sousa e Faro Nobre de Carvalho 25 November 1966 – 19 November 1974
José Eduardo Martinho Garcia Leandro 19 November 1974 – 28 November 1979
Nuno Viriato Tavares de Melo Egídio 28 November 1979 – 16 June 1981
Vasco de Almeida e Costa 16 June 1981 – 15 May 1986
Joaquim Pinto Correia 15 May 1986 – 9 July 1987
Carlos Montez Melancia 9 July 1987 – 23 April 1991
Vasco Joaquim Rocha Vieira 23 April 1991 – 20 December 1999

See also[edit]