Governor of Macau

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Governor of Macau
Governador de Macau
澳門總督
Flag of Portuguese Colony Governor.svg
Standard of the Governor
Style His/Her Excellency
Residence Government House, Macau
Nominator Prime Minister of Portugal
Appointer Monarch of Portugal (1623–1910)
President of Portugal (1910–1999)
Inaugural holder Francisco Mascarenhas
Formation 7 July 1623
Final holder Vasco Joaquim Rocha Vieira
Abolished 20 December 1999

The Governor of Macau (Portuguese: Governador de Macau; Chinese: 澳門總督) was a Portuguese colonial official who headed the colony of Macau, before 1623 called Captain-major (Portuguese: Capitão-mor). The post was replaced on 20 December 1999 upon the transfer of the sovereignty of Macau to the People's Republic of China by the office of the Chief Executive of Macau.

Powers of the Governor of Macau[edit]

The Governor of Macau was responsible for the internal and local control of the colony. External relations and military needs were dealt by the Portuguese government in Lisbon.

List of Captains-Major and Governors of Macau (1557–1999)[edit]

The date refer to the date of appointment.

Captains-Major[edit]

Captains-Major Tenure
Francisco Martins 1557–1558
Leonel de Sousa 1558–1559
Rui Barreto 1559–1560
Manuel de Mendonça 1560–1561
Fernão de Sousa 1561–1562
Pêro Barreto Rolim 1562–1563
Diogo Pereira 1563–1565
João Pedro Pereira 1565–1566
Simão de Mendonça (1st time) 1566–1567
Tristão Vaz da Veiga (1st time) 1567–1568
António de Sousa 1568–1569
Manuel Travassos 1569–1571
Tristão Vaz da Veiga (2nd time) 1571–1572
João de Almeida (1st time) 1572–1573
António de Vilhena 1573–1574
Simão de Mendonça (2nd time) 1574–1575
Vasco Pereira 1575–1576
Domingos Monteiro (1st time) 1576–1579
Leonel de Brito 1579–1580
Miguel da Gama 1580–1581
Inácio de Lima 1581–1582
João de Almeida (2nd time) 1582–1583
Aires Gonçalves de Miranda 1583–1585
Francisco Pais 1585–1586
Domingos Monteiro (2nd time) 1586–1587
Jerónimo Pereira 1587–1589
... 1589
Henrique da Costa 1590–1591
Roque de Melo Pereira 1591–1592
Domingos Monteiro (3rd time) 1592–1593
Gaspar Pinto da Rocha 1593–1594
... 1594
Manuel de Miranda 1595–1596
Rui Mendes de Figueiredo 1596–1597
... 1597
Nuno de Mendonça 1598–1599
Paulo de Portugal 1599–1603
Gonçalo Rodrigues de Sousa 1603–1604
João Caiado de Gamboa 1604–1605
Diogo de Vasconcelos de Meneses 1605–1607
André Pessoa 1607–1609
... 1609
Pedro Martim Gaio 1609–1611
Miguel de Sousa Pimentel 1611–1612
João Serrão da Cunha 1612–1614
Martim da Cunha 1614–1616
Francisco Lopes Carrasco 1616–1617
Lopo Sarmento de Carvalho (1st time) 1617–1618
António de Oliveira de Morais 1618–1619
Jerónimo de Macedo de Carvalho 1619–1621
Lopo Sarmento de Carvalho (2nd time) 1621–1623

Governors[edit]

Governors Tenure Days
Took office Left office
1 Francisco Mascarenhas 7 July 1623 19 July 1626 1108
2 Filipe Lobo and Jerónimo da Silveira
(Co-serving)
19 July 1626 1 December 1631 1961
3 Manuel da Câmara de Noronha 1 December 1631 August 1636 ~1705
4 Domingos da Câmara de Noronha August 1636 August 1638 ~730
5 Sebastião Lobo da Silveira August 1638 August 1645 ~2557
6 Luís de Carvalho e Sousa August 1645 August 1647 ~730
7 João Pereira August 1647 August 1650 ~1096
8 João de Sousa Pereira August 1650 August 1654 ~1461
9 Manuel Tavares Bocarro August 1654 22 July 1664 ~3643
10 Manuel Borges da Silva 22 July 1664 31 August 1667 1135
11 Álvaro da Silva 31 August 1667 20 July 1670 1054
12 Manuel Borges da Silva 20 July 1670 20 July 1672 731
13 António Barbosa Lobo 20 July 1672 10 December 1678 2334
14 António de Castro Sande 10 December 1678 10 December 1679 365
15 Luís de Melo Sampaio 10 December 1679 10 December 1682 1461
16 Belchior do Amaral de Meneses 10 December 1682 5 July 1685 573
17 António de Mesquita Pimentel 5 July 1685 31 July 1688 1122
18 André Coelho Vieira 31 July 1688 21 July 1691 1085
19 Francisco da Costa 21 July 1691 23 November 1693 856
20 António da Silva e Melo 23 November 1693 21 July 1694 240
21 Gil Vaz Lobo Freire 21 July 1694 17 August 1697 1123
22 Cosme Rodrigues de Carvalho e Sousa 17 August 1697 28 September 1697 42
Municipal Council of Macau 28 September 1697 9 August 1698 315
23 Pedro Vaz de Sequeira 9 August 1698 5 August 1700 726
24 Diogo de Melo Sampaio 5 August 1700 22 July 1702 716
25 Pedro Vaz de Sequeira 22 July 1702 15 August 1703 389
26 José da Gama Machado 15 August 1703 5 August 1706 1086
27 Diogo do Pinho Teixeira 5 August 1706 28 July 1710 1453
28 Francisco de Melo e Castro 28 July 1710 11 June 1711 318
29 António de Sequeira de Noronha 11 June 1711 18 July 1714 1133
30 Francisco de Alarcão Sotto-Maior 18 July 1714 30 May 1718 1412
31 António de Albuquerque Coelho 30 May 1718 9 September 1719 467
32 António da Silva Telo e Meneses 9 September 1719 19 August 1722 1075
33 Cristóvão de Severim Manuel 19 August 1722 6 September 1724 749
34 António Carneiro de Alcáçova 6 September 1724 6 September 1727 1095
35 António Moniz Barreto 6 September 1727 18 August 1732 1808
36 António de Amaral Meneses 18 August 1732 15 January 1735 880
37 João do Casal 15 January 1735 4 August 1735 201
38 Cosme Damião Pinto Pereira 4 August 1735 25 August 1738 1117
39 Diogo Pereira 25 August 1738 25 August 1743 1826
40 António de Mendonça Corte-Real 25 August 1743 30 August 1747 1466
41 José Plácido de Matos Saraiva 30 August 1747 2 August 1749 703
42 Diogo Fernandes Salema e Saldanha 2 August 1749 29 July 1752 1092
43 Rodrigo de Castro 29 July 1752 14 July 1755 1080
44 Francisco António Pereira Coutinho 14 July 1755 1 July 1758 1083
45 Diogo Pereira de Castro 1 July 1758 4 July 1761 1099
46 António de Mendonça Corte-Real 4 July 1761 14 July 1764 1106
47 José Plácido de Matos Saraiva 14 July 1764 19 August 1767 1131
48 Diogo Fernandes Salema e Saldanha 19 August 1767 29 July 1770 1075
49 Rodrigo de Castro 29 July 1770 26 July 1771 362
50 Diogo Fernandes Salema e Saldanha 26 July 1771 27 January 1778 2377
51 Alexandre da Silva Pedrosa Guimarães 27 January 1778 1 August 1778 186
52 José Vicente da Silveira Meneses 1 August 1778 5 January 1780 522
53 António José da Costa 5 January 1780 28 August 1781 601
54 Francisco de Castro 28 August 1781 18 August 1783 692
55 Bernardo Aleixo de Lemos e Faria 18 August 1783 21 July 1788 1827
56 Francisco Xavier de Mendonça Corte-Real 21 July 1788 18 July 1789 362
57 Lázaro da Silva Ferreira and Manuel António Costa Ferreira
(Co-serving)
18 July 1789 29 July 1790 376
58 Vasco Luís Carneiro de Sousa e Faro 29 July 1790 27 July 1793 1094
59 José Manuel Pinto 27 July 1793 8 August 1797 1473
60 Cristóvão Pereira de Castro 8 August 1797 8 August 1800 1095
61 José Manuel Pinto 8 August 1800 8 August 1803 1095
62 Caetano de Sousa Pereira 8 August 1803 8 August 1806 1096
63 Bernardo Aleixo de Lemos e Faria 8 August 1806 26 December 1808 871
64 Lucas José de Alvarenga 26 December 1808 19 July 1810 570
65 Bernardo Aleixo de Lemos e Faria 19 July 1810 19 July 1814 1461
66 Lucas José de Alvarenga 19 July 1814 19 July 1817 1096
67 José Osório de Castro de Albuquerque 19 July 1817 19 August 1822 1857
68 Major Paulino da Silva Barbosa 19 August 1822 23 September 1823 400
Government Council 23 September 1823 28 July 1825 674
69 Joaquim Mourão Garcez Palha 28 July 1825 15 November 1827 840
Government Council 15 November 1827 7 July 1830 965
70 João Cabral de Estefique 7 July 1830 3 July 1833 1092
71 Bernardo José de Sousa Soares Andrea 3 July 1833 22 February 1837 1330
72 Adrião Acácio da Silveira Pinto 22 February 1837 3 October 1843 2414
73 José Gregório Pegado 3 October 1843 21 April 1846 931
74 João Maria Ferreira do Amaral 21 April 1846 22 August 1849 1219
Government Council 22 August 1849 30 May 1850 281
75 Pedro Alexandrino da Cunha 30 May 1850 7 July 1850 38
Government Council 7 July 1850 3 February 1851 211
76 Francisco António Gonçalves Cardoso 3 February 1851 19 November 1851 289
77 Isidoro Francisco Guimarães 19 November 1851 22 June 1863 4233
78 José Rodrigues Coelho do Amaral 22 June 1863 26 October 1866 1222
79 José Maria da Ponte e Horta 26 October 1866 3 August 1868 647
80 António Sérgio de Sousa 3 August 1868 23 March 1872 1328
81 Januário Correia de Almeida 23 March 1872 7 December 1974 989
82 José Maria Lobo de Ávila 7 December 1974 31 December 1876 755
83 Carlos Eugénio Correia da Silva 31 December 1876 28 November 1879 1062
84 Joaquim José da Graça 28 November 1879 23 April 1883 1242
85 Tomás de Sousa Rosa 23 April 1883 7 August 1886 1202
86 Firmino José da Costa 7 August 1886 5 February 1889 913
87 Francisco Teixeira da Silva 5 February 1889 16 October 1890 618
88 Custódio Miguel de Borja 16 October 1890 24 March 1894 1255
89 José Maria de Sousa Horta e Costa (1st time) 24 March 1894 12 May 1897 1145
90 Eduardo Augusto Rodrigues Galhardo 12 May 1897 12 August 1900 1187
(89) José Maria de Sousa Horta e Costa (2nd time) 12 August 1900 17 December 1902 857
91 Arnaldo de Novais Guedes Rebelo 17 December 1902 10 December 1903 358
Government Council 10 December 1903 5 April 1904 117
92 Martinho Pinto de Queirós Montenegro 5 April 1904 6 April 1907 1230
93 Pedro de Azevedo Coutinho 6 April 1907 18 August 1908 401
94 José Augusto Alves Roçadas 18 August 1908 22 September 1909 451
95 Eduardo Augusto Marques 22 September 1909 17 December 1910 209
96 Álvaro de Melo Machado 17 December 1910 14 July 1912 731
97 Aníbal Augusto Sanches de Miranda 14 July 1912 10 June 1914 783
98 José Carlos da Maia 10 June 1914 5 September 1916 731
99 Manuel Ferreira da Rocha and Agostinho Vieira de Matos
(Co-serving)
5 September 1916 12 October 1918 767
100 Artur Tamagnini de Sousa Barbosa 12 October 1918 23 August 1919 315
101 Henrique Monteiro Correia da Silva 23 August 1919 5 January 1923 1517
102 Rodrigo José Rodrigues 5 January 1923 18 October 1925 731
103 Manuel Firmino de Almeida Maia Magalhães 18 October 1925 8 December 1926 416
104 Artur Tamagnini de Sousa Barbosa 8 December 1926 30 March 1931 1573
105 Joaquim Anselmo de Mata Oliveira 30 March 1931 21 June 1932 449
106 António José Bernardes de Miranda 21 June 1932 11 April 1937 1755
107 Artur Tamagnini de Sousa Barbosa 11 April 1937 29 October 1940 1297
108 Gabriel Maurício Teixeira 29 October 1940 1 September 1947 2498
109 Albano Rodrigues de Oliveira 1 September 1947 23 November 1951 1544
110 Joaquim Marques Esparteiro 23 November 1951 8 March 1957 1932
111 Pedro Correia de Barros 8 March 1957 18 September 1959 924
112 Jaime Silvério Marques 18 September 1959 17 April 1962 1164
113 António Lopes dos Santos 17 April 1962 25 November 1966 1461
114 José Manuel de Sousa e Faro Nobre de Carvalho 25 November 1966 19 November 1974 2916
115 José Eduardo Martinho Garcia Leandro 19 November 1974 28 November 1979 1835
116 Nuno Viriato Tavares de Melo Egídio 28 November 1979 16 June 1981 566
117 Vasco de Almeida e Costa 16 June 1981 15 May 1986 1794
118 Joaquim Pinto Correia 15 May 1986 9 July 1987 420
119 Carlos Montez Melancia 9 July 1987 23 April 1991 1384
120 Vasco Joaquim Rocha Vieira 23 April 1991 20 December 1999 3163

Chief Executives[edit]

See also[edit]