Governor of New Mexico
|Governor of New Mexico|
Seal of the Governor
|Term length||Four years|
|Formation||January 6, 1912|
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politics and government of
The Governor of the State of New Mexico is the chief executive of the state of New Mexico. The governor is the head of the executive branch of New Mexico's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's National Guard. Responsibilities include making annual State of the State addresses to the New Mexico State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that state laws are enforced. The officeholder is afforded the courtesy title of The Honorable while in office.
The current governor is Susana Martinez, a Republican. Martinez won the November 2010 gubernatorial election and was sworn in as the 31st Governor of the state of New Mexico on January 1, 2011. She is also the first elected female governor of the state.
During the occupation of New Mexico by the United States Military starting in 1846, a military governor was appointed to oversee the area; military governors at times were assisted by civilian governors. In 1850, New Mexico was organized as a Territory and the Governor was appointed by the President of the United States. The office of Governor of the State of New Mexico was created in 1912 when New Mexico was officially admitted to the United States as the 47th state.
Election to the Governorship
Requirements to hold office
Section Three of Article V of the New Mexico Constitution establishes the requirements a person must meet in order to become Governor. The Governor must be a citizen of the United States, be at least 30 years old, and have been a resident of New Mexico for at least five years prior to election.
Term(s) of office
Under Section One of Article V of the New Mexico Constitution, no person may hold the office of Governor for more than two terms until one full term has intervened.
Relationship with Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico
While the Governor heads the Executive Branch of the New Mexico state government, the Governor does not have absolute power. Other state executives, such as the Lieutenant Governor, the Secretary of State, and the Attorney General are also elected to office.
Since 1954, the Governor of New Mexico has resided in the New Mexico Governor's Mansion. Prior to its construction, the Governor's Residence was located adjacent to the New Mexico State Capitol in downtown Santa Fe. Before 1909, the Governor resided in the Palace of the Governors, which is listed as a National Historic Landmark. The Palace of the Governors is the oldest continuously occupied public building in the United States.
Line of succession
According to Section Seven of Article V of the New Mexico Constitution, in the event of the death, resignation, removal, impeachment, absence from the state, failure to qualify, or incapacity due to illness of the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor is the first person in the order of succession and thus serves as Governor.
If there is no Lieutenant Governor, or he is unable to perform the duties of Governor, the Secretary of State serves as Governor. If there is no Secretary of State, the President pro Tempore of the Senate servers as Governor. If there is no President pro Tempore of the Senate, or if he is unable to perform the duties of Governor, then the Speaker of the House serves as governor.
|May succeed to Governorship|
|Governor of New Mexico||Susana Martinez|
|1||Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico||John Sanchez|
|2||Secretary of State of New Mexico||Dianna Duran|
|3||President Pro Tempore of the Senate||Mary Kay Papen|
|4||Speaker of the House of Representatives||W. Ken Martinez|
|May serve as Emergency Interim Successor|
|4||Attorney General of New Mexico||Gary King|
|5||State Auditor||Hector Balderas|
|6||State Treasurer||James B. Lewis|
|7||Commissioner of Public Lands||Ray Powell|
|8||Public Regulation Commission, Chair||Patrick Lyons|
|9||Public Regulation Commissioner||Karen Montoya|
|10||Public Regulation Commissioner||Valerie Espinoza|
|11||Public Regulation Commissioner||Theresa Becenti–Aguilar|
|12||Public Regulation Commissioner||Ben Hall|
List of Governors
- Knapp, Andrew (May 15, 2007). "Govs' Salaries Range From $1 to $206,500". Stateline. Retrieved February 17, 2013.