Governor of Northern Ireland
|Governor of Northern Ireland|
Flag of the Governor of Northern Ireland
|Precursor||Lord Lieutenant of Ireland|
|Formation||December 9, 1922|
|First holder||The Duke of Abercorn|
|Final holder||The Lord Grey of Naunton|
|Abolished||July 18, 1973|
|Succession||Secretary of State for Northern Ireland|
"do and execute in due manner as respects Northern Ireland all things which by virtue of the  Act and our said Letters Patent of 27 April 1921 or otherwise belonged to the office of Lord Lieutenant at the time of the passing of the Irish Free State Constitution Act 1922"
The Governor had possession of the Great Seal of Northern Ireland.
The Governor was the successor to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in Northern Ireland, itself established on 3 May 1921. The office of the Governor was abolished on 18 July 1973 under Section 32 of the Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973. The Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, a cabinet office that had been created in 1972, took over the functions of the Governor on 20 December 1973 under Letters Patent.
The official residence of the Governor of Northern Ireland was Hillsborough Castle in County Down. Following refurbishment of the Castle, the Duke of Abercorn took up residence in 1925. It remained the official residence until the abolition of the office of Governor in 1973; henceforth it has been the official residence of the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
Governors of Northern Ireland (1922–1973)
|Portrait||Term of office||Period||Monarch||Prime Minister|
|1.||His Grace James Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn
KG, KP, PC
|12 December 1922||6 September 1945||22 years, 268 days||George V
|Sir James Craig
John Miller Andrews
Sir Basil Brooke
|2.||The Right Honourable William Leveson-Gower, 4th Earl Granville
KG, GCVO, CB, DSO
|7 September 1945||1 December 1952||7 years, 85 days||George VI
|Sir Basil Brooke|
|3.||The Right Honourable John Loder, 2nd Baron Wakehurst
|1 December 1952||1 December 1964||12 years, 0 days||Elizabeth II||Sir Basil Brooke
|4.||John Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine of Rerrick
GBE, Kt, KStJ, DL, JP, FRSE
|1 December 1964||27 November 1968||3 years, 362 days||Elizabeth II||Terence O'Neill|
|5.||Ralph Grey, Baron Grey of Naunton
GCMG, GCVO, OBE, GCStJ, PC
|27 November 1968||26 June 1973||4 years, 211 days||Elizabeth II||Terence O'Neill
- House of Lords, Northern Ireland Bill, Memorandum by the Northern Ireland Office.
- 3 May 1921 was the "appointed day" under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, upon which the Parliaments of Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland were established,(SR&O 1921, No. 533).
- A New History of Ireland by Theodore William Moody, Francis John.