Governor of Oregon

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Governor of Oregon
Seal of Oregon.svg
John Kitzhaber acceptance speech-5.jpg
Incumbent
John Kitzhaber

since January 10, 2011
Style The Honorable
Residence Mahonia Hall
Term length Four years, limited to 2 consecutive terms with no limit on total number of terms
Inaugural holder John Whiteaker
Formation February 14, 1859
Salary $93,600 (2013)[1]
Website governor.oregon.gov

The Governor of Oregon is the head of the executive branch of Oregon's state government and serves as the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The title of governor was also applied to the office of Oregon's chief executive during the provisional and U.S. territorial governments.

The current governor of Oregon is John Kitzhaber, a Democrat, who also served two terms from 1995 to 2003. The Governor's current salary was set by the 2001 Oregon Legislature at $93,600 annually.[2]

Constitutional descriptions[edit]

Article V of the Oregon State Constitution sets up the legal framework of the Oregon Executive Branch.[3]

Eligibility[edit]

Article V, Section 1 states that the governor must be a U.S. citizen, at least 30 years old, and a resident of Oregon for at least three years before the candidate's election. Section 2 extends ineligibility to the following:

Elections and terms of office[edit]

The ceremonial Governor's Office in the Oregon State Capitol (September 2010).

Oregon Constitution Article V, sections 4-7, outline the formal gubernatorial election procedures such as publishing the winner, ties, disputed elections, and terms of office.

Governors are elected by popular ballot and serve terms of four years, limited to two consecutive terms in office, with no limit on the number of total terms. [citation needed]

The formal process of certification of results of a gubernatorial election ends when the Secretary of State delivers the results to the Speaker of the Oregon House of Representatives. The Speaker then will publish the results to a joint session of the Oregon Legislative Assembly.

Where an election results in a tie, a joint session of the next legislative session will vote on the two candidates, and declare the winner governor. Legally contested elections are also decided by the full legislature in whichever manner other laws may prescribe.

Line of succession[edit]

The gubernatorial line of succession was modified in 1920 and 1946, only to be repealed and replaced by a new section in 1972.[4] The current list is designated as Article V, Section 8a. It defines who may become or act as the Governor of Oregon upon the incapacity, death, resignation, or removal from office of a sitting governor. The acting governor will serve out the remainder of the outgoing governor's term until the next election. Unlike many states, Oregon does not have a Lieutenant Governor (though in 2007, legislation was proposed to establish such an office.)[5] The current chain is:

# Position Current office holder Party
1 Secretary of State Kate Brown Democratic
2 State Treasurer Ted Wheeler Democratic
3 President of the Senate Peter Courtney Democratic
4 Speaker of the House Tina Kotek Democratic

State military forces[edit]

The governor is the commander-in-chief of Oregon Military Department. Power is granted to the governor to mobilize and deploy state military forces.

Pardons[edit]

The power to grant pardons and reprieves and to commute sentences is granted to the governor, with limitations placed upon cases of treason. Additionally, the governor can remit fines and forfeitures. Any use of these powers, however, must be reported to the legislature.

In treason cases, the governor may only grant reprieves. The final matter of pardons, commuting of sentencing, or further reprieves is referred to the legislature in these cases.

Legislative[edit]

The governor has the power to veto legislation, which can be overridden by a two-thirds majority in both houses of the legislature, and can veto particular items from an appropriations or emergency bill while leaving others intact (see line item veto).

If needed, the governor may convene a special session of the legislature by proclamation and is empowered to call for special elections to fill vacant seats. Between the vacancy and special election, the governor is able to appoint a replacement.

Annually, the governor addresses the legislature in his State of the State address. In this speech the governor outlines the current conditions of the state, and makes recommendations to the assembly as to what the government's priorities ought to be.

Appointments[edit]

If the legislature is out of session, the governor may appoint replacements to fill state offices until elections are held or the legislature reconvenes (see recess appointment).

Official residence[edit]

Mahonia Hall in Salem is the official governor's mansion.[6] The house was built in 1924 for hops grower Thomas A. Livesley. It was named Mahonia Hall after citizens raised funds in 1988 to purchase it as Oregon's first official governors' mansion.[7] It is located at 533 Lincoln Street in Salem.

Before the purchase of Mahonia Hall, whatever house the governor rented became the "Governor's mansion".[8] Governors Atiyeh and McCall lived in the 1929 Stiff-Jarman House, an English cottage-style (also characterized as Arts and Crafts style)[9] residence currently located in the North Capitol Mall Historic Redevelopment area.[10][11] After the end of Atiyeh's term, the Stiff-Jarman House became the headquarters of the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality.[9] Today the building houses rented offices.[10]

Provisional government (1843–1848)[edit]

Meetings at Champoeg led up to the first constitution of the Oregon Country, and a petition for U.S. territorial status. The resulting acts also created this body as a provisional government for the region. The first executives of this government were a three-person, elected committee known as the Executive Committee. In 1845, elections for a chief executive were held. The first person in Oregon to hold the title of governor was George Abernethy, a prominent businessman.[12]

Gubernatorial data[edit]

Note: These facts apply only to persons who have held the governorship under Oregon statehood.

Age records[edit]

Birthplace[edit]

Transition events[edit]

Three governors resigned:[citation needed]

Eight governors took office without being elected via the gubernatorial line of succession:[citation needed]

  • One did not run for election:
  • One transferred his powers to an acting governor (Jay Bowerman) and did not subsequently run for governor:
  • One acting governor unsuccessfully attempted to obtain a second term:
  • Four ran unsuccessfully for a second term:
  • One was elected in his own right:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Constitution of Oregon: Article V, Executive Department". Oregon Blue Book. Oregon State Archives. Retrieved 2007-04-21. 
  4. ^ "Temporary governor eliminated: Measure modifies line of succession". The Bend Bulletin. 
  5. ^ "Proposes amendment to Oregon Constitution to create elective office of Lieutenant Governor.". Oregon State Legislature. Retrieved 2007-04-21. 
  6. ^ "Architecture". State of Oregon Highway - Geo-Environmental Section. Retrieved 2007-04-21. 
  7. ^ "Livesley House/Mahonia Hall, Salem, Oregon 1992". Oregon Historic Photograph Collections, Salem Public Library. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
  8. ^ Oregon Historic Photograph Collections
  9. ^ a b Oregon Historic Photograph Collections
  10. ^ a b Oregon Department of Administrative Services, New State Owned Office Space Available
  11. ^ North Mall Office Building, Department of Administrative Services, Sustainable State Facilities Guidelines Policy, Pilot Project Report
  12. ^ "George Abernethy". Oregon State Library. Retrieved 2007-04-21. 
  13. ^ "Notable Oregonians: Oswald West - Governor". Oregon Blue Book. Retrieved 2007-04-21. 
  14. ^ a b "James Withycombe". Oregon State Library. Retrieved 2007-04-21. 
  15. ^ "Albin Walter Norblad". Oregon State Library. Retrieved 2007-04-21.