Governor of West Bengal
|Governor of West Bengal
Emblem of West Bengal
|Residence||Raj Bhavan; Kolkata|
|Appointer||President of India|
|Term length||Five Years|
|Inaugural holder||Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari|
|Formation||15 August 1947|
The Governor of West Bengal is a nominal head and representative of the President of India in the state of West Bengal. The Governor is appointed by the President for a term of five years. Mayankote Kelath Narayanan became governor in January 2010. His official residence is the Raj Bhavan.
In 1912 the Imperial capital of India was moved from Calcutta to Delhi and as some compensation to Bengal the Lieutenant governor with Council gave place to a Governor with a Council thus completing the circle and reverting to the position which had been obtained 200 years ago. In 1947 India achieved independence and the title of governor of Bengal remained the same at it is to the present day.
Powers and functions
The Governor enjoys many different types of powers:
- Executive powers related to administration, appointments and removals,
- Legislative powers related to lawmaking and the state legislature, that is Vidhan Sabha or Vidhan Parishad, and
- Discretionary powers to be carried out according to the discretion of the Governor.
Ex officio Role of Governor
In his ex officio capacity, the Governor of West Bengal is Chancellor of the universities of West Bengal (at present 14) as per the Acts of the Universities. The Universities are: University of Calcutta, Jadavpur University, University of Kalyani, Rabindra Bharati University, Vidyasagar University, University of Burdwan, North Bengal University, Netaji Subhas Open University, West Bengal University of Technology, Bengal Engineering & Science University, Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswa Vidyalaya, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, West Bengal University of Health Sciences and West Bengal State University. For Visva Bharati, the Governor is the Pradhana (Rector).
The Governor is also the Chairman/President of some organizations such as Victoria Memorial Hall, Indian Museum, Ramakrishna Mission Institute of Culture, Eastern Zonal Cultural Centre, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies (MAKAIAS), Calcutta Cultural Centre (Kolkata Kala Kendra ), Special Fund for R&R of Ex-servicemen, West Bengal (Rajya Sainik Board), Sri Aurobindo Samiti, Indian Red Cross Society - West Bengal State Branch, St. John Ambulance Brigade No. II (West Bengal) District, Bharat Scouts and Guides and the Bengal Tuberculosis Association.
Governor of West Bengal’s Welfare Fund, has the Governor as its Chairman. Contributions from this Fund are given to the needy people for meeting, to some extent the cost of their treatment. Besides the above, at his discretion, the Governor, accepts the position of Chief Patron/Patron or other posts in the honorary capacity, in various organizations that are rendering yeoman service to the society in different fields.
List of governors of West Bengal (Since Independence)
1) Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari(assumed office on 15.08.1947) 2) Dr. Kailash Nath Katju (assumed office on 21.06.1948) 3) Dr. Harendra Coomar Mookerjee (assumed office on 01.11.1951) 4) Shrimati Padmaja Naidu (assumed office on 03.11.1956) 5 Shri Dharma Vira (assumed office on 01.06.1967) 6) Shri Shanti Swarup Dhawan (assumed office on 19.09.1969) 7) Shri Anthony Lancelot Dias (assumed office on 21.08.1971) 8) Shri Tribhuvan Narayan Singh (assumed office on 06.11.1977) 9) Shri Bhairab Datt Pande (assumed office on 12.09.1981) 10)Shri Anant Prasad Sharma (assumed office on 10.10.1983) 11)Shri Uma Shankar Dikshit (assumed office on 01.10.1984) 12)Professor Saiyid Nurul Hasan (assumed office on 12.08.1986) 13)Shri T. V. Rajeshwar (assumed office on 02.03.1989) 14)Professor Saiyid Nurul Hasan (assumed office on 07.02.1990) 15)Shri K. V. Raghunatha Reddy (assumed office on 14.08.1993) 16)Dr. A. R. Kidwai (assumed office on 27.04.1998) 17)Justice Shri Shyamal Kumar Sen (assumed office on 18.05.1999) 18)Shri Viren J. Shah (assumed office on 04.12.1999) 19)Shri Gopalkrishna Gandhi (assumed office on 14.12.2004) 20)Shri M. K. Narayanan (assumed office on 24.01.2010)
- Raj Bhavan's (Governor's residence) official website