Governorate General of Brazil
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|Governorate General of Brazil
Governo-Geral do Brasil
|Colonial State of the Portuguese Empire|
Captaincies of the Governorate General of Brazil
|-||1549 - 1557||John III|
|-||1598 - 1621||Philip II|
|-||1549 - 1553||Tomé de Sousa|
|-||1617 - 1621||Luís de Sousa|
In 1534, John III of Portugal started granting land rights to colonize Portuguese territory in South America, they were the Captaincy Colonies of Brazil. These fifteen autonomous and separate colonies were, for the most part, a failure administratively, and thus economically.
In 1549, in order to solve the governance problem of his South American colonies, John III established the Governorate General of Brazil. The governorate united the fifteen colonies into a single colony, but each captaincy would continue to exist as a provincial administrative unit of the governorate.
In 1572, in order to establish a stronger and more capable military presence in the continent, the governorate was dismantled into two separate colonies, the Governorate General of Bahia, which encompassed the northern part, and the Governorate General of Rio de Janeiro, which took the south.
In 1578, the governorate was reestablished from the governorates of Bahia and Rio de Janeiro. This second Governorate General of Brazil would be once again partitioned into two separate colonies, in 1607.
In 1621, the Governorate General of Brazil was partioned into two colonies, the State of Brazil and the State of Maranhão. While these colonial states would change and partition, the Governorate General of Brazil would not be recreated again.
In 1549, the Captaincy Colonies of Brazil were united under the Governorate General of Brazil:
- Captaincy of Baía de Todos os Santos
- Captaincy of Ceará
- Captaincy of Espírito Santo
- Captaincy of Ilhéus
- Captaincy of Itamaracá
- Captaincy of Maranhão
- Captaincy of Pernambuco
- Captaincy of Porto Seguro
- Captaincy of Rio Grande
- Captaincy of Santana
- Captaincy of Santo Amaro
- Captaincy of São Tomé
- Captaincy of São Vicente
Captaincies Created under the Governorate